Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a spinal fusion surgery procedure, performed to stabilize the spinal vertebrae and the disc or shock the absorber between the vertebrae. This surgery aims to lessen the pain and the nerve irritation. It is commonly recommended in conditions like spondylolisthesis, degenerative disc disease or recurrent disc herniation. TLIF surgery can be done through a traditional open incision or a minimally invasive procedure; this will depend on the patient's state.
The method is performed under general anesthesia, and the patient needs to stay in the hospital for 3-5 days after the surgery. The surgery makes use of the posterior approach; an incision is formed in the lower back of the spine bones. The incisions length depends on the method used. Surgical hardware is applied to the spine, which will enhance the fusion rate.
Patients should limit their physical activities, for the first several weeks after the surgery and gradually increase their activity. Patients are prescribed pain medications to get relief from the pain.
Spinal fusion is a type of a back surgery procedure for joining two or more bones permanently in the spine to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called as vertebrae.
Spinal fusion is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after discectomy in the neck. Spinal fusion is required if the patient has injury or fractures of the spine bones. The spine will become weak due to infection or tumors. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.
Pain medications will be given either by mouth or through an intravenous line. You will be taught how to stand properly, walk, sit and stand. You will not be able to eat for two to three days. Nutrients will be given through an intravenous route. You have to wear a bracelet after leaving the hospital. The surgeon will provide instructions to the patient regarding home care after surgery.
It alleviates nerve pain by creating more space around the spinal cord and nerve roots. Disk fusion surgery reduces post-decompressive deformity. The spine fusion surgery corrects any deformity which is present before surgery. The surgery ensures normal alignment of the spine. Laser spine institute can perform spinal fusion surgery in minimally invasive manner.
Sometimes disk fusion surgery may lead to more back pain and prolongs the recovery time. Inflammation and scaring is also possible after the surgery. Due to nerve irritation, pain or weakness can also occur. The fused segment may also cause stress near the fusion.
The risks of disk fusion surgery include the following:
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