Spinal fusion is a type of a back surgery procedure for joining two or more bones permanently in the spine to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called as vertebrae.
Spinal fusion is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after discectomy in the neck. Spinal fusion is required if the patient has injury or fractures of the spine bones. The spine will become weak due to infection or tumors. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.
Before the procedure- You should quit smoking before the back surgery. You should inform the surgeon if you are taking some medications. You should also inform about any present illness.
On the day of surgery- Eating or drinking is not allowed for 6 to 12 hours before the back surgery. Medicines that are prescribed must be taken with a sip of water.
Pain medications will be given either by mouth or through an intravenous line. You will be taught how to stand properly, walk, sit and stand. You will not be able to eat for two to three days. Nutrients will be given through an intravenous route. You have to wear a bracelet after leaving the hospital. The surgeon will provide instructions to the patient regarding home care after surgery.
It alleviates nerve pain by creating more space around the spinal cord and nerve roots. Disk fusion surgery reduces post-decompressive deformity. The spine fusion surgery corrects any deformity which is present before surgery. The surgery ensures normal alignment of the spine. Laser spine institute can perform spinal fusion surgery in minimally invasive manner.
Sometimes disk fusion surgery may lead to more back pain and prolongs the recovery time. Inflammation and scaring is also possible after the surgery. Due to nerve irritation, pain or weakness can also occur. The fused segment may also cause stress near the fusion.
The risks of disk fusion surgery include the following:
The TLIF surgery cost in India is estimated to be one of the lowest in the world. India is quite popular for its inexpensive orthopaedic procedures despite the use of high quality implants and equipment and the surgery being performed by one of the most experienced orthopaedic surgeons.
Spinal fusion surgery in India is conducted by a number of reputed hospitals in the country. All of these hospitals have fairly priced back surgery cost and the total amount turns out to be quite less than the Western countries.
Even the best spine hospitals in Delhi and other metropolitan cities offer highly affordable treatment packages to patients. The total cost of TLIF surgery in India, however, depends on several factors. It includes, the fees of the surgeon, hospital charges, cost of medicines, rehabilitation cost, duration of hospital stay, and other miscellaneous factors.
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Q. What is a spinal fusion surgery?
A. It involves permanent joining two or more vertebrae to prevent movement between them. This fusion may is necessary when movement between vertebrae causes severe pain.
Q. How are the vertebrae fused together?
A. A bone graft or a synthetic bone is used as a substitute. These are placed between the vertebrae and cause the bone to fuse and prevent movement within this space.
Q. Is spinal fusion a painful operation?
A. The surgery is performed keeping the patient under general anaesthesia. Postoperative pain and discomfort may occur, but it varies depending on patient’s physical condition, age, and the location of the vertebrae.
Q. What are the risks associated with spinal fusion surgery?
A. The risks associated with spinal surgeries are blood clots, and infection. With spinal surgeries, additional risks are nerve damage and increased wear of the vertebrae near the fusion.
Q. When can a patient return to normal work after spinal fusion?
A. The patient after spinal fusion can return to work after 2- 3 months.
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