Skin cancer can be caused by numerous reasons, it may be because of exposure to the sun or the reason could be due to weakening of the immune system. Skin cancer normally occurs near arms, face, neck, and parts which are left exposed to direct sun. the symptoms can be identified easily since there are lumps formed of pink color or you might see a lump with hard skin or it might start developing as a mole on the skin. These lumps if untreated become itchy, painful and inflammation is caused. It should be noted that if a person is having these symptoms, it does not mean the person has skin cancer, there might be other reasons as well.
There are various treatments available for skin cancer in India. The most preferred skin cancer surgery is Mohs Micrographic surgery, then there is a surgical marking of the tumor and that part is treated. Other methods include Electrocautery and Curettage. Chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and carbon dioxide are other methods by which skin cancer is treated.
The cost of Mohs micrography surgery costs near about $3000 in India, while in the U.S., it is relatively costly, starting from about $10,000. Cryosurgery ranges from $12,000 in the U.S., while in India it costs about $4000. Radiation therapy and Chemotherapy costs $15000 in the U.S. and $3000 in India, which is quite a huge difference. In Germany, the cost of Cryosurgery varies from $5500 to $8250.
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer. It typically affects people with lighter skin tone. Skin cancer is the uncontrolled and abnormal growth of destructive malignant skin cells. It occurs when unrepairable DNA damage that occurs in the skin cells triggers a mutation that makes them multiply rapidly and form malignant skin tumors.
Skin cancer is mostly caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds. Skin cancers have a limited potential to spread to other parts of the body and may become life-threatening if not treated on time. They are common and can be effectively treated but the treatment of some forms of skin cancers can be difficult. However, early diagnosis and treatment can increase the survival rate.
The following are the three common types of skin cancers:
There are also some other types of skin cancers such as Merkel cell skin cancer, Kaposi sarcoma skin cancer and lymphoma of the skin, but these are rare. Although, some of these are aggressive skin cancers and has a high risk of recurrence.
The typical skin cancer symptoms vary from patient to patient. The symptoms also vary depending on the type of skin cancer that the patient has.
However, basal and squamous skin cancers can have some common symptoms, which include:
Melanoma skin cancer can have some different types of skin cancer symptoms. There is an ABCDE rule guide that explains the melanoma symptoms:
Several effective skin cancer treatment modalities are available, which is selected depending on the type of skin cancer that the patient is suffering from. Your dermatologist will choose the best suitable treatment for you depending on the type of skin cancer, location, your age, general health, and condition (whether the cancer is primary or a recurrence).
Some of the common treatment options for skin cancer include the following:
Destruction of skin cancer by electrodesiccation and curettage is known as EDC therapy. This treatment is fast, easy, and less expensive in comparison to other skin cancer treatment options. In this treatment, the area of the affected skin is numbed with a local anesthetic and scraped repeatedly with a sharp instrument called curette. After that, the edge is cauterized with an electric needle.
Surgery is a more complicated and expensive procedure than EDC. During this skin cancer treatment, the surgeon first numbs the affected area with a local anesthetic. Then the malignant skin tissues are fully removed. Lastly, the edges of the wounds are closed with sutures. Surgery has a greater cure rate and the scar produced is usually more cosmetically acceptable than EDC procedure.
Mohs surgery for skin cancer is a microscopically-controlled treatment performed for common types of skin cancer. During this treatment, the surgeon keeps on removing layers of tissues and see it under the microscope to look for cancer cells.
Radiation therapy is an option when the patient is not suitable for surgical treatment such as the elderly. The treated area cannot be tested to be sure that the entire cancer is gone and the radiation scar looks worse over time.
In the case of basal cell skin cancer, some gels, creams, and solutions can be used to reduce cancerous cells.
Chemotherapy drugs such as fluorouracil (5-FU) can be given orally to the patient to treat skin cancer. It works by stimulating the body's immune system to produce interferon, which attacks the cancer cells.
Alternative therapy includes the use of herbs, vitamins, and special diets, or other methods such as acupuncture or massage. Alternative therapy, however, cannot be used alone to treat skin cancer completely. It can only be used to reduce the severity of the symptoms.
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