The immune system is important for fighting against cancerous cells. It is the normal function of the immune system to detect and kill abnormal or cancerous cells. However, in some cases, the cancerous cells hide from the immune system and cause cancer in the body. The mechanism may include making genetic changes in the cancerous cells that reduce their visibility, interfering in the normal cell surrounding the tumor, and the presence of proteins that evades the immune system.
Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy. This therapy helps in boosting the immune system of the patients. Some immunotherapies are cancer-specific, while others generally boost the overall immunity.
There are various types of immunotherapy. The doctor performs the immunotherapy, which is best suitable for the patient. Some of the types of immunotherapy are:
You may have certain side effects after the immunotherapy. These side effects include headache, diarrhea, loss of appetite, confusion, shortness of breath, fatigue, and skin rashes. You should report the serious side effects to your doctor. The doctor may give you medications for managing the side effects. Never avoid the follow-up visit schedule. This will help your doctor to determine the efficacy of immunotherapy and the presence of any serious side effects.
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