Abdominoperineal Resection in South Africa

Abdominoperineal Resection is a surgery for Rectal Cancer or Anal Cancer. When cancer is located very low in the rectum or the anus, a surgery needs to be performed to remove the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon to cure, that process is called as Abdominoperineal Resection. 

Ones they are removed a permanent colostomy gets created to pass out the waste from the body. This is done by an incision in the abdominal section of human anatomy. The extent of removal is directly proportional to the amount of damage caused.

Ideal Candidate for Abdominoperineal Resection

The patients who are suffering from the tumor of the lower section of the digestive system may notice some symptoms which could be a signal of rectal cancer such as changes in bowel habits, changes in stool consistency, blood in the stool and abdominal discomfort. 

Diverticulitis is yet another reason which causes the doctors to decide to operate on a patient and perform abdominoperineal resection. This is an extreme measure taken by any doctor and the complications are quite a lot.

Most people do not have such a diseased condition that cannot be treated by the usual medicinal means. But in severe conditions, the surgery is required for the living of the patient.

Factors affecting the cost of Abdominoperineal Resection 

Below mentioned are the factors affecting Abdominoperineal Resection cost (APR):

  • Healthcare Complications in Patients
  • Type of Surgery required, Laparoscopic APR or Open APR Surgery
  • Choice of Hospital
  • Location of Hospital
  • Surgeons’ Fee
  • Medical Care
  • Duration of Stay
Treatment and Cost

10

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

5 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 37500

Hospitals

About the Abdominoperineal Resection

Abdominoperineal resection (APR) is a type of a surgery in which the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon are removed through small cuts in the belly. It is a surgical procedure done primarily to remove the cancer of the rectum. Typically, abdominoperineal resection (AP) is conducted as an elective procedure. This procedure is most often used to treat rectum cancer if it is located very low in the rectum or in the anus, close to the sphincter muscles.

Nowadays, advanced surgical techniques and other treatment modalities have brought an increase in the rate of sphincter-sparing operations. However, APR surgery is still necessary in selected cases, especially if the patient has distal tumors or poor sphincter function.  AP resection is a major operation. During perineal resection, the rectum, distal colon, and anal sphincter complex are completely removed using both anterior abdominal and perineal incisions. Once the anus and rectum are removed, a permanent colostomy is needed to complete the procedure.

Colostomy brings the colon to an opening at the surface of the skin, which allows the waste to pass out of the body. This new opening is called stoma and usually measures from one to one-and-a-half inches in diameter. A pouch, or a stoma appliance, is needed to be worn at all times. The stoma has no sphincter muscles, so there is no conscious control over the elimination of waste products from the body after the procedure.

How is Abdominoperineal Resection performed?

  • APR surgery starts with the administration of general anaesthesia. This ensures that patient remains asleep during the perineal resection.
  • Then the surgeon makes a small cut near the belly button and inserts a laparoscope. A laparoscope has a tiny camera on one end. It is inserted through the cut so so that the inside can be seen.
  • Once the laparoscopic camera is in the abdomen, the surgeon makes two to five more small cuts in the abdomen.
  • Surgical instruments are inserted through ports placed on these cuts.
  • The surgeon completes several steps before removing the rectum, anus, and sigmoid colon.
  • The surgeon releases the sigmoid colon and rectum from their attachment to the surrounding structures after dividing the main blood vessels that serve the tumour sections of the bowel.
  • The sigmoid colon is separated from the remaining large intestine after the separation.
  • After the sigmoid colon and rectum are removed, the surgeon operates perineal region to cut away the anus.
  • Finally, the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon are completely removed from the body.
  • After perineal resection, the surgeon creates the stoma. It is known as a colostomy. The stoma is made from one of the surgical cuts usually placed on the left side of the abdomen.
  • To create a stoma, the surgeon removes a small disk of skin from the area around the cut.
  • The open end of the colon is pulled through the cut on the surface of the skin.
  • The surgeon then stitches the stoma in the place and the abdominal cavity is rinsed out.
  • A small drainage tube is inserted into one of the lower surgical cuts. This drainage tube will promote healing of the tissue inside the abdomen.
  • Finally, the surgeon carefully inspects inside the abdominal cavity and the stitches are used to close the cuts.

Recovery from Abdominoperineal Resection

Recovery of the patient depends on individual circumstances and general health of the patient. A patient may be required to stay in the hospital for three to seven days. However, some patients may need more time to recover.

You can walk and stand on the first day after AP resection and resume most of the usual activities shortly after the surgery. In fact, increased activity reduces the risk of blood clots and also improves breathing. A physical therapist will often visit you during your hospital stay and will help regain your strength after the surgery. After getting discharged from the hospital, avoid lifting more than 5 to 10 pounds for 4 weeks, as this allows the incisions to heal. It also decreases the risk of developing a hernia.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of South Africa / Why should opt for South Africa as a destination for your medical treatment?
Like most countries, hospitals in South Africa are based upon public and private healthcare systems. There are three main levels of healthcare based upon the payment method of the patient.
  • The full paying patients are those who usually prefer to be treated by a doctor working in the private sector. They can also be funded by an external source. Many non-South African citizens also prefer this treatment service.
  • Fully subsidized patients are those who have been referred from a Primary Healthcare Service Hospital.
  • Partially subsidized patients are patients whose costs are subsidized based on the amount of their income.
The public healthcare system has three main centers for health under its wing:
  • Clinics - These are run by trained professionals and nurses. They can serve as the first point of contact for a patient.
  • Community Healthcare Centre - This is a bigger setup, complete with full-fledged services and doctors and nurses.
  • Hospital - A patient usually gets here after a referral from a clinic or community health center. One can also go in for emergencies. A hospital provides various services like performing surgery and treating chronic illnesses.
Hospitals in South Africa are gearing up to tackle major illnesses and to provide better treatment options. The South African government is also working to introduce policies and towards accommodating more patients from all across the world. It is a great country to find affordable treatment options.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in South Africa? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals
The Joint Commission International (JCI) accredits and certifies most health care organizations and programs all around the world. Joint Commission International Accreditation and Certification is recognized as the global leader for health care quality of care and patient safety.
Are the doctors/surgeons in South Africa of the best quality?
Doctors associated with Medigence are of the best quality. We hope to give our patients a pleasant experience and the best doctors we can find. Since South Africa has a lot of requirements in the field of healthcare, the country attracts doctors from all over the world to contribute their services. This can help to ensure that even you receive the best quality of doctors.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in South Africa?
One can apply for a visa to South Africa for a period of 90 days. The High Commission of India can then help one decide for how long a visa can be extended. This usually differs from person to person. The Medical Visa allows a person to stay for a maximum of six months with a valid visa. After this, one can go to the FRO office ( Foreigner’s Registration Office ) or FRRO (Foreigner's Regional Registration Office) and request for an extension. Do note that the validity of a visa begins on the day it is issued by the High Commission of India and not on the date of departure. Applications for visas will not be accepted more than 30 days prior to departure.
What support services does MediGence provide in the United Arab Emirates?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in South Africa for medical treatment?
While many cities are striving to create some of the best hospitals in South Africa, Durban, Lenasia, and Cape Town already have some very good hospitals for treatment in South Africa. Located in Durban, Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre is a reasonable and affordable hospital in South Africa. Life Kingsbury Hospital in Capetown provides a holistic healing environment for patients. One can also opt for the Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital in Lenasia. This hospital has been running for nearly 30 years now and various medical facilities can be availed from here.

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