Laminectomy or decompression surgery is a procedure of removal of the dorsal coating of the spinal canal called the lamina. Mostly done to reduce excessive pressure buildup, this procedure helps in providing umpteenth relief to patients undergoing severe pain. The procedure is performed involves minimum invasion and shows signs of early recovery as compared to other procedures. It is less complex and comparatively more successful, owing to which, laminectomy is being implemented by thousands of surgeons across the world.
Laminectomy is performed to reduce pressure buildup within the spine. This is mostly experienced by aging people or individuals diagnosed with spinal arthritis, as a result of which, bone spur formation occurs. These are extra-spinal ingrowths that pose additional pressure inside the spine. Thus, to relieve this pressure, the lamina or the spinal covering is removed from the dorsal side. The two types of laminectomy generally performed are:
Laminectomy is performed among individuals suffering from spinal pain or spinal arthritis. The procedure is performed among candidates who:
In some cases, laminectomy is also required in patients undergoing other spinal surgeries.
The laminectomy cost may vary from $26,000 to $77,000 depending on a number of factors, which are:
Laminectomy is also known as decompression surgery. In this surgical procedure, a part of the vertebral bone called lamina is removed to create additional space. The lamina is the back part of the vertebrae that covers the spinal canal. Removing the lamina enlarges the spinal canal and thus, helps relieve pressure on the nerves and the spinal cord. Bony growths, especially in people with spinal arthritis, may put an additional pressure on the spinal cord. It may cause severe back pain and in some severe cases, can even cause paralysis. Narrowing of the space between the vertebrae is also known as spinal stenosis.
Laminectomy surgery, which is a form of spinal stenosis treatment, helps relieve pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves by creating a room between the vertebrae and the cord. When the pressure on the spinal cord in the case of lumbar spinal stenosis is relieved by creating a space between the lumbar vertebrae, the procedure is known as lumbar laminectomy. During a lumbar laminectomy, the surgeon may even remove the ligaments or bone spurs pressing the spinal cord.
During the surgery, the following steps are performed:
Laminectomy surgery takes anywhere between two to three hours to complete. The loss of blood during the surgery is minimal. Shortly after the surgery, the patient is moved to the recovery room. After a few hours, the patient is transferred to the normal hospital room. The patient can expect the following things after the surgery:
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