Sclerotherapy in Cosmetic Surgery

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About the Spider Veins (Sclerotherapy)

Sclerotherapy is an effective and minimally invasive treatment of varicose and spider veins. It is also known as spider vein treatment. This procedure involves the injection of a solution directly into the affected veins, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear.

Varicose veins treatment can improve the symptoms of venous insufficiency. This therapy is the primary treatment for small varicose veins in the legs. It relieves some of the spider veins symptoms, including ache, burning, swelling and night cramps.

Why sclerotherapy?

Spider vein treatment typically results in the elimination of up to 50 to 80 percent of varicose veins that are injected with the treatment solution. It is a minimally-invasive procedure that ensures minimal recovery time as the treated veins tend to fade within a few weeks.                                                                                           

Best Candidates For Varicose Veins Treatment

Otherwise healthy people with venous insufficiency that is poorly controlled with compression stockings are the best candidates for sclerotherapy.

The eligibility of the candidate is decided based on the overall health of the patient and the area requiring treatment, in addition to the reason behind the clot in the vein. The dermatologist helps select the correct chemical sclerosing agent, which is then injected into the blood vessel to make it collapse.

This treatment is not suitable for pregnant women and females on birth control pills. Selected veins may not be treated using sclerotherapy if that vein could be put into use during future heart bypass surgery.

How is Spider Veins (Sclerotherapy) performed?

Sclerotherapy is performed in an outpatient procedure, under the supervision of an expert dermatologist or a cosmetic surgeon. In rare cases, patients may require hospital stay following the procedure.

During sclerotherapy procedure, a selected salt solution is injected directly into the vein with the help of a fine needle. This solution typically contains two sclerosants, namely sodium tetradecyl sulfate and polidocanol (Asclera).

The solution is usually in the liquid form. It works by irritating the lining of the vein, causing it to swell and block the flow of blood. Finally, the vein will become a scar tissue and disappear after some time.

Sometimes a foam version of the solution may be used, usually when a larger vein is involved. Foam is preferred over liquid in this case because it tends to cover more surface area than liquid.

You may experience mild discomfort and cramping for one to two minutes during the procedure, especially when larger veins are injected. Spider vein treatment usually takes approximately 15 to 30 minutes. The number of veins injected in one session depends on the size and location of the veins.

After the procedure is done, your doctor applies compression and massages the area to keep the blood out of the injected vessel and disperse the solution. 

There are several variations of the sclerotherapy procedure. The doctor may decide to use laser or ultrasound during the procedure for better guidance and results. The sclerotherapy cost for such procedures is higher than simple injection approach.

Recovery from Spider Veins (Sclerotherapy)

You will be able to get up, walk around, and drive yourself home after sclerotherapy procedure. You can resume your regular daily activities on the same day of the procedure. Walking and moving your legs are encouraged to prevent the formation of blood clots.

After sclerotherapy, you will be instructed to wear support hosiery or bandages to "compress" the treated vessels for about two weeks. Your doctor will probably advise you to avoid strenuous exercise and exposing the treated area to the sun for two weeks after the procedure.

In addition, your doctor will ask you to avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, or other anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 48 hours. Tylenol may be used if needed. Usually, it takes three to six weeks to respond, and larger veins respond in three to four months. Spider veins or varicose veins will not reappear if the treated veins respond to sclerotherapy. 

Usually, sclerotherapy works for most of the patients, but there is no guarantee for success. Any procedure where the skin is penetrated carries a risk of infection. But the chances of infection requiring antibiotic treatment is estimated to be less than 1 in 1,000.  

A few patients may experience bruises, leg pain, blood trapping, and raised and red bumpy skin after the surgery. You must inform your surgeon if you notice any of these side effects.

Besides these, some allergic reactions to sclerosing solutions and local anaesthetics can also occur. They can be serious, but they are extremely rare. A different solution can be used for subsequent treatments when allergic reactions occur.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of South Korea / Why should opt for South Korea as a destination for your medical treatment?
South Korea is recognized for its strict rules and regulations which have kept the country in strict discipline. As an upside, the country has well-maintained regulations for every process and impressive medical healthcare facilities which have garnered thousands of visitors from across the world. The reason for opting for hospitals in South Korea is the astounding treatment options available at a very cost-effective price range, which is undoubtedly more affordable than most of the developed countries across the world. Besides the well-planned infrastructure, the treatment in South Korea and the alternatives offered are tempting enough. Apart from that, the country also flaunts high success rates and has thus been able to cure some of the most complex diseases in the world.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in South Korea? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. YUHS Severance Hospital + Gangnam Severance Hospital is a JCI certified hospital in South Korea.
Are the doctors/surgeons in South Korea of the best quality?
The doctors and surgeons providing treatments in South Korea are globally recognized for their service in the medical field. Furnished with degrees from reputed universities and decades of training and experience, the doctors have earned high success rates throughout their professional careers. The doctors have to undergo rigorous training to keep up with the strict protocol and measures of hospitals in South Korea. Hence, quality is maintained.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in South Korea?
The Korean embassy follows a strict protocol for obtaining a visa for traveling to the country. The necessary documents (photocopies and original) have been listed on their official website and should be strictly adhered to. The candidate also has to produce necessary papers stating the medical cause and referral certificate signed by the registered medical practitioner. Although these need to be taken care of by the candidate, the rest of the procedures and further visa assistance is managed by the sponsors in most cases. A Medical Dependent Visa is granted to those who are accompanying a patient traveling to Sount Korea for medical treatment on a Medical Visa. This visa can be given to a close relative/family member or a friend of the patient. Please note that relevant letters/documents explaining details of the treatment, signed and stamped by the concerned hospitals/doctors, a declaration from the patient or an immediate family member is also required confirming the escort travel along with the patient.
What support services does MediGence provide in South Korea?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in South Korea for medical treatment?
Treatment in South Korea is affordable. Seoul is the capital of South Korea and one of the main cities for healthcare. Seoul and Daegu have some of the best hospitals in South Korea. Busan, Incheon, and Ulsan also have developing healthcare facilities.

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