Medical tourism rate in India is increased by about 30%. There are many reasons for people to visit India for the treatment of a variety of diseases related to different therapeutic classification. The first reason is cost, as the average cost in India for facelift surgery is less as compared to many other countries. Another reason is the availability of specialized and experienced surgeons. Surgeons in India are highly experienced in conducting the surgery with ease along with high success rates and improved appearance. There is a low waiting time in India as compared to other countries.
Facelift surgery or rhytidectomy is a medical procedure that gives a more youthful facial appearance and improves the visible signs of aging on the face and neck. Facelift surgery is a removal process of wrinkles and fine lining from cheeks, midface, and jawline. Surgery is done under general anesthesia and the procedure is completed in 5 to 6 hours.
The cost of facelift surgery in India is low as compared to other countries. This is not about only facelift surgery but almost all types of surgeries are done at low cost in India. The low cost of surgery in India is an important reason why peoples from other countries come to India. For a similar treatment, people visiting India can save unto 70% of the total cost of treatment as compared to cost in other countries. Low cost does not indicate poor quality and the low infrastructure, rather the prices are less in India because of the low operating cost.
Aging is a natural process and the skin of the face and neck undergo some amount of loosening with time. With the sagging comes creasing of the skin, which makes deep folds and lines. But everyone is interested to hold back the youthful days. This is the reason why face lifting or rhytidectomy has increasingly gained popularity in the United States and other countries as well.
The facial skeleton gets highly affected with the age-related changes that a person experiences. The sagging of the forehead and the facial skin is observed due to slow loss of mass of bony structures of frontal bones, maxilla, and the mandibles. Due to this, an impression of sagging neckline is observed and jowling occurs along the mandible, which deletes the delineation between the neck and the jawline.
Exposure to the sun also leads to changes observed in the facial skin. The epidermis that gets damaged due to exposure to sunlight shows a reduction in the fundamental elements that can slowly cause wrinkles. Disorganization and thickening of the elastic fibers below the skin are noted, which is known as a process called elastosis and degeneration of the dermal collagen appears as well.
In order to get a youthful appearance of the face, a facelift surgery is performed. In this kind of surgery, reshaping occurs in the lower one-third of the face by facilitating removal of the sagging facial skin. Tightening of the underlying tissue is also done in some of the facelift surgeries. The face surgery or lower facelift can be combined with neck lift, or an eyelid surgery, cheeks, brows or forehead surgeries.
Types of Facelift Surgery
There are many types of facelift procedures. Some of the most popular procedures include the following:
Facelift surgery is usually carried out on an outpatient basis. The procedure takes around two to four hours to complete, depending on the extent of the area that requires treatment. The facelift procedure is performed under the influence of local and general anesthesia.
Sometimes, additional procedures may be conducted at the time of facelift surgery. These may include the placement of facial implants, wrinkle reduction through facial fillers, and facial resurfacing for improved skin toning and texture.
The following steps are performed during a typical facelift procedure:
Patients may experience minimal pain after the procedure, which is managed with the help of painkillers. Swelling and bruising are common but patients are advised to use a cold compress to avoid the discomfort.
The dressing is removed within two days of the surgery and physical activity should be limited as much as possible after the procedure. The head should be kept in an elevated position.
A drainage tube may be inserted, which can be removed after a day of the surgery. Facelift recovery time stretches from two to three weeks. The scars and lines gradually grow invisible with time.
Facelift surgery is also known as Rhytidectomy. Rhytidectomy is derived from two-word “rhytid” means “wrinkle” and “ectomy” means “removal”. Wrinkles and fine lines on cheek, midface, jawline, and neck areas are removed through this process. It is done under general anesthesia and total time for surgery is about five to six hours depending upon the complexity of the surgery. The benefits provided by facelift surgery include tightened skin, young and look fresher and boost in human self-esteem. Facelift surgery is required in patients who do not have a glow on their skin either due to age or because of over-exposure to sum. Following are some of the parameters to decide if facelift surgery is required:
Skin becomes loose
Loss of facial fat
Relaxation of muscles leading to wrinkles and fine lines. This condition is known as sagging.
Skin damage due to exposure of sunlight or UV light
Youthfulness lost on the face due to stress, smoking, and hereditary.
Based on skin structure, and other factors, the ideal candidate should have the following characteristics:
Skin elasticity: An ideal candidate for facelift surgery should have elasticity in skin because this surgery stretches the skin leading to the removal of fine lines and gives the youthful feeling.
Strong bone structure: An ideal candidate for facelift surgery should have strong bone structure because it helps to provide mechanical support and the better result after surgery.
Non-smoker: An ideal candidate for facelift surgery should be a non-smoker or at least stop smoking a few days before surgery.
Medical condition: An ideal candidate for facelift surgery should be in a good medical condition and does not have any serious underlying disease. The individual should be mentally prepared for surgery because it helps in fast healing and recovery.
Gender: Facelift surgery is popular among both men and women due to its efficacy in removing saggy skin.
Further, the ideal candidate be those with loose skin, skin with facial fat, face with wrinkles and fine line, the facial skin has been damaged due to sun exposure and reduced facial tightness due to stress and sedentary lifestyle.
Many patients come to India for cosmetic surgery. Patients arrive in India from USA, Canada, New Zealand, Oman, UK, Australia, and South Africa. India offers huge benefits in the field of face and neck lift surgery. Cost, which is one of the significant factors for the decision, is low in India. Medical tourist from developed countries saves almost 50-70% on cosmetic surgery. Further, a high volume of cosmetic surgery in India has made the surgeons highly experienced and expert and surgery are done with a high success rate. Through huge infrastructure and modern techniques, surgery is done with accuracy and precision with favorable results.
The cost of facelift surgery in India is more reasonable than in other countries. the average cost of facelift surgery in India is about $3000 INR. However, there are various factors which affect the cost of facelift surgery in India. These includes:
Facilities at the medical center
Doctors expertise and experience
Types of facelift techniques
Duration of hospital stay
Underlying medical condition
Following techniques are available in India for a facelift:
Subcutaneous facelift technique
Subcutaneous facelift surgery is simple and with very few side effects. Further, as the procedure does not involve the deeper layer of skin, post-operative recovery is fast.
SMAS plication facelift technique
SMAS plication facelift is a minimally invasive technique with a minimum risk of facial nerve damage. With lesser time during surgery and in the recovery period, the results are better than Deep place facelift surgery.
Minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) lift
Minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) technique have limited subcutaneous exposure and involve small skin incisions. This technique provides rapid and desired results.
Deep plane facelift (DPFL)
Deep plane facelift (DPFL) helps in improvement of the nasolabial folds. Result of this technique is longer as compared to other techniques.
This procedure is used for reposting of buccal and malar fat pads. that cause better fixation and less incision. It helps in soft tissue remodeling and repositioning. As the impact goes down deep right to the bony origins, the effect of facial rejuvenation lasts for a longer time.
Following are some of the most sought after and top hospitals for Facelift Surgery in India
Following are some of the top Plastic Surgeons in India for Face and Neck Lift Surgery in India:
Immediately after surgery
The patient needs complete bed rest for the first 24 hours of surgery. Patients should not remove dressing before 24 hours.
Mild bleeding on the surgical site is common. In order to reduce bleeding, mild pressure may be applied on neck and face.
Swelling is a normal condition after every surgery. The extent of swelling depends on the looseness of the tissues. Swelling gets severe 2-3 days after surgery and will subside after a few days.
For relieving the pain, the surgeon should prescribe acetaminophen and other analgesic drugs. Prolong administration of NSAIDs may increase the chance of bleeding. So, the best approach is to avoid NSAIDs.
Liquids, a high volume of proteins and calories should be incorporated in the diet of patients from faster recovery from the effects of surgery.
As the underlying tissues are exposed during surgery, the risk of infection is significantly increased. Antibiotics are prescribed to patients for reducing the risk of infection.
The dressing is changed, and the wound is cleaned the next day of surgery. The replaced dressing is not so heavy as it was on the day of surgery and a light dressing is placed. Although the patient may go to work 2 weeks after surgery, facelift surgery is major surgery and it takes a few months for complete recovery.
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