Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare, complex heart defect that occurs in about 5 out of every 10,000 babies. It usually affects the heart in four ways. It usually presents itself ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, overriding aorta. Babies and children with TOF often have cyanosis and have a blue tint in their lips, fingernails which are often used as a symptom for diagnosis. The surgery is an open-heart procedure.
As mentioned earlier tetralogy of Fallot is usually performed by either complete intracardiac repair or palliative repair. The surgeon determines the procedure to be performed. An overview of the procedure is given below:
Complete Intracardiac Repair: The surgery is done to ensure proper blood flow to the lungs. The passageway between the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery is enlarged. This ensures that there is a proper blood flow to the lungs thus providing oxygen-rich blood to the entire body. A second fix is performed for the Ventricular Septal defect by placing a patch to cover the hole in the septum. This patch stops oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood from mixing between the ventricles. The above mentioned two repairs ensure that there is oxygen-rich blood supply across the body and that the defects of the heart valves are corrected.
Temporary or Palliative Repair: This is done for infants who aren’t strong enough to survive the surgery. It is a procedure that helps to temporarily correct the blood flow to the lungs. The surgery is followed by complete intracardiac repair when the baby grows up. In this surgery, the surgeon places a shunt between a large artery branching off the aorta and the pulmonary artery. One end of the shunt is sewn to the artery branching off the aorta. The other end is sewn to the pulmonary artery. This causes an additional pathway for blood to travel to the lungs to get oxygen. The shunt is removed when the baby's heart defects are fixed during the full repair.
The patient is monitored closely for a week or more. Since the surgery is an open heart procedure extra care should be given while taking care of the patient. The incision for the surgery heals completely in 6 weeks and proper care should be taken to ensure that it doesn’t infect. In case of Temporary repair, the patient may need medicines to keep the shunt open while waiting for the full repair. These medicines are stopped after the shunt is removed.
TOF Repair cost in the United Kingdom starts from about $36500. There many QHA Trent Accreditation, ISQUA, UKAF certified hospitals in the United Kingdom that offer TOF Repair
The cost of TOF Repair in the United Kingdom may differ from one medical facility to the other. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The TOF Repair cost in the United Kingdom includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. There are many things that may increase the cost of TOF Repair in the United Kingdom, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
There are many hospitals that perform TOF Repair in the United Kingdom. Some of the best hospitals for TOF Repair in the United Kingdom include the following:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 25 days in the country after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
the United Kingdom is considered to be one of the best places for TOF Repair in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for TOF Repair include the following:
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There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the TOF Repair cost. The per day extra expenses in the United Kingdom per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in the United Kingdom that offer TOF Repair include the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 5 days after TOF Repair for monitoring and care. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer TOF Repair in the United Kingdom. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to TOF Repair These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, the healthcare systems follow standards set by QHA Trent and United Kingdom Accreditation Forum. QHA Trent has been established to focus on improving the quality of the healthcare industry and reducing all kinds of risks for patients, healthcare providers, and the general public. There is a strong quality framework to ensure the performance of healthcare systems. Various inspection and improvement processes are merged with accreditation programs and regulatory bodies to provide a common mechanism for quality improvement. KOIHA has a strict procedure for evaluating the healthcare system based on administrative management, quality of patient care, and performance management.
The United Kingdom attracts a large number of medical tourists every year because of its world-class healthcare infrastructure and medical technology innovations. In the last few years, the country has seen tremendous growth in the medical tourism industry, mostly due to more investment in technology and communication and transport. The United Kingdom’s healthcare system has received worldwide recognition due to some unique aspects like appointments and same-day diagnosis, rapid response multi-disciplinary review teams, and emerging treatments. Some of the internationally acclaimed institutions in the United Kingdom are London Bridge Hospital, BUPA Cromwell, and Great Ormond Street which are supported by highly professional consultants and all modern facilities.
The United Kingdom produces some of the finest doctors in the world. Medical training in the country is a highly competitive field and there are more doctors seeking to undertake training than in any other country. The country has top quality doctors who are very efficient in handling even the most complicated cases with ease ant this quality is attributed to their extensive training and education at premier colleges. The doctors perform some procedures like knee replacement, gallbladder removal, and hip replacement with a high success rate, ensuring complete patient safety and speedy recovery. The United Kingdom is also known to have world-class gynecologists, orthopedic doctors, cardiologists, and neurologists who have reported high success rates through their holistic approach of treatment.
Depending on the country you are from, you may be able to visit the United Kingdom without a visa or by applying for a visa waiver. Electronic UK visa waiver program is available for countries like Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. The documents required for applying for a medical visa include:
You are allowed to extend your visa by 6 months in case you need further treatment.
The United Kingdom has a large number of world-class hospitals, as listed below:
Equipped with all modern facilities, the hospitals offer a large number of procedures in modern surroundings, supported by well-trained doctors. There are a lot of other reasons that contribute to the popularity of these hospitals, including efficiency of doctors and other healthcare staff, safety aspects, low mortality rate, and high success rates, and patient-centric care. If you want to find the best hospital in the United Kingdom, you can refer to a few ratings and rankings systems. Currently, Royal Berkshire NHS Hospital holds the top position in the United Kingdom and is ranked 67 in the world.
The United Kingdom has received worldwide recognition for its excellence in procedures like:
The BAAPS audit results revealed that breast reductions and breast augmentation are the top two surgical procedures in the country. The success rate of cancer treatment in the United Kingdom is high due to a number of reasons, such as technological advancements, clinical research, and well-trained doctors. The United Kingdom attracts a large number of people for hip replacement. Around 50,000 hip replacement surgeries are performed in the United Kingdom every year.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in the United Kingdom are:
Edgbaston Medical Quarter offers some of the cutting-edge places to seek treatment in the United Kingdom providing quick access to quality treatments, especially in trauma, oncology, diabetes, and fertility. Birmingham with modern infrastructure, top hospitals, better connectivity, and skilled doctors, has become a leading city for medical tourism. London is the epicenter of medical tourism which attracts people from different parts of the world. It is the largest city in the United Kingdom, which is populated with quality hospitals like Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, St Mary’s Hospital, and The Royal London Hospital.
Yes, vaccines are recommended or required for the United Kingdom. The CDC and WHO recommend the below vaccines for the country:
For effective immunization, a person should get vaccinated at least 8 weeks before the date of travel. You can travel without getting vaccinated if you have a specific medical condition that prevents you from vaccination. Connect with the government official or contact your hospital in the United Kingdom to get complete information on vaccination.
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