A ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is a type of a surgical procedure that is used to treat the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain, which is a condition known as hydrocephalus. CSF is responsible for preventing the brain from an injury as it provides cushion and can absorb any type of shock or impact. VP shunting is done to shunt CSF from the lateral ventricles of the brain back into the peritoneum to relieve excess intracranial pressure resulting from hydrocephalus.

VP Shunt in Singapore

VP shunt is a highly sensitive procedure that can save the precious life of a patient suffering from hydrocephalus. In the absence of this life-saving procedure, uneventful circumstances may appear. VP shunting is performed at some of the best neurosurgery hospitals in India. This procedure is performed by a team of highly experienced, qualified, and skilled surgeons. It is important to get this procedure dome undergo the guidance of a highly experienced surgeon to ensure that the occurrence of post-surgery risks are minimized.

Cost Comparison

VP shunt cost in Singapore depends on the type of hospitals where you are planning to undergo the treatment and the fees charged by the team of surgeons. Highly experienced and skilled surgeons may charge more for the surgery because there is a big responsibility on their shoulders. With their experience comes vast knowledge and great instincts, which are highly required in this type of surgery. The best neurosurgeons in Singapore are known to deliver quality healthcare while assuring positive outcomes.

Treatment and Cost

15

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

10 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment Price not available

Get a Quote

Hospitals

  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt is commonly known as VP shunt. It is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by excess cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) accumulation. VP shunt is designed to primarily treat a medical condition called hydrocephalus, which occurs when excess CSF collects in the ventricles of the brain.
  • The role of fluid on the brain is to protect it from injury inside the skull. CSF acts as a delivery system for nutrients that the brain needs and takes away waste products. Fluid on the brain is reabsorbed into the blood.
  • Hydrocephalus occurs when the normal flow of CSF is disrupted or the reabsorbtion of CSF in the blood is reduced. This condition can, thus, create an adverse pressure on the tissues of the brain and harm it. A brain shunt surgery can help rectify this condition by diverting the CSF away from the brain, which restores normal flow and absorption of CSF. VP shunt is surgically placed inside one of the ventricles of the brain.
  • The management of hydrocephalus has always been a challenge for neurologists, neurosurgeons, engineers and medical device developers because the nature of CSF is unique to each patient. However, the development of VP shunt has made the treatment of hydrocephalus a bit easier. It has, in fact, become the most successful and primary therapy for hydrocephalus treatment.
  • A VP shunt looks like a tube and the shunt pathway contains some valves that act as on/off switches. The valve open when the pressure difference across the valve exceeds the valve opening pressure. These valves are usually set to a fixed pressure.
  • Some accessory devices may be added to the shunt to modify valve functions. Role of accessory devices is to counter gravitational forces and to minimize over drainage of CSF when a patient is in standing position. Further, a bubble like reservoir can provide an external approach to the brain shunt surgery for making any changes in the measurement of pressure.

Brain Shunt Surgery Recovery Time

  • Just after the VP shunt surgery, the patient is kept under close observation for an hour or so and then is transferred to his or her room. Usually, it takes 4 to 7 days for patients to leave the hospital, depending on their clinical progress.
  • During the hospital stay of the patient with shunt in head, the hospital staff will monitor the heart rate and blood pressure frequently and the specialist will suggest some preventive antibiotics. The result of this monitoring procedure will help determine recovery time after VP shunt. The specialist will make sure that the shunt in head is working properly and will remove the stitches or staples before the patient is discharged from hospital.
  • The patient can walk and move after the discharge from the hospital, but it may take 2 to 3 weeks to resume daily activities. Patient may feel tenderness in the neck or belly and probably feel tired. In some cases, the patient may have headache for a few weeks after the surgery, but should not experience much pain. Typically, every individual has different recovery time, depending on the age and medical needs.

Precautions After VP Shunt Surgery

The patient may need to lie flat for 24 hours after the shunt in head is placed. Patients are strictly recommended to follow the instructions of the doctor on how to take care of the shunt at home. Patients may be asked to take medicine after VP shunt surgery to prevent infection.Here are some of the precaution that you must take after the brain shunt surgery:

  • Rest and get enough sleep, it will help you recover.
  • Do not touch the valve on your head.
  • Avoid physically involving games and activities for at least 6 weeks.
  • Do not swim or take a shower until your stitches or staples are removed.
  • Take low-fat foods such as plain rice, boiled chicken, toast, and yogurt.
  • Do not take any new medications unless advised by the doctor.
  • Make sure to contact the doctor before continuing any blood thinner medicines such as clopidogrel, warfarin or aspirin.
  • Take pain medicines and antibiotics exactly as directed. Do not stop them just because you feel better.

VP Shunt Procedure Complications

The VP shunt procedure is a safe and most common procedure for the treatment of hydrocephalus. But it also involves some complication and risks. Some patients may be advised a VP shunt revision in case of complication or if the device fails to work. According to some studies, about 50 percent of VP shunting in the pediatric population fails within two years of placement and VP shunt revision is often required.However, VP shunt complication rate in adults is less. The most common VP shunt complications in adults are malfunction and infection.

  • VP shunt malfunction: Partial or complete blockage of the shunt that affects the function of VP shunt intermittently or fully is called malfunction. In VP shunt malfunction, CSF accumulates and resumes the symptoms of hydrocephalus.

VP shunt malfunction is a complication which can occur in adults and any other age group. The blockage can take place from tissue, blood cells or by bacteria. Both the ventricular catheter and the distal part of the catheter can be blocked by tissue from the ventricles or choroid plexus.

  • VP shunt infections: Infection in VP shunts is usually caused by a person’s own bacterial flora. The most common infection in VP shunt is because of a bacteria called Staphylococcus epidermidis. It is found on the surface of skin, sweat glands and in hair follicles deep within the skin.

This type of VT shunt infection is most commonly seen in one to three months after the surgery. Abdominal infection after VP shunt is also common. A person with VT shunt may also develop a generalized infection, which can become serious quickly.


Pros:

  • Patients return to usual routine in some days
  • No pain


Cons

  • Shunt may fail after a few years
  • Shunt replacement or removal has its own side effects

Frequently Asked Questions

Singapore is generally known for its well-managed health care infrastructure and has an efficient and widespread system of healthcare. Singapore was ranked 6th in the World Health Organization's ranking of the world's health systems in the year 2000. Bloomberg ranked Singapore's healthcare system the most efficient in the world in 2014. Three main healthcare groups exist in Singapore:
  • National Healthcare Group
  • National University Health System
  • SingHealth
The 10 public hospitals in Singapore comprise 8 general hospitals (AH, SGH, NUH, CGH, TTSH, KTPH, NTFGH & SKH), and 2 specialized hospitals (KKH & IMH). In addition, there are 9 national specialty centres for cancer (NCCS & NCIS), cardiac (NHCS & NUHCS), eye (SNEC), skin (NSC), neuroscience (NNI) and dental care (NDCS & NUCOHS). The private healthcare infrastructure in Singapore is also well established. The payment methods include private payment gateways or private insurance companies. You can expect better technology to be used in private hospitals in Singapore. Various procedures like stem cell therapy and cancer research are conducted in Singapore.
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. Here are some of the JCI certified hospitals in Singapore :
  • Mount Elizabeth Hospital
  • Singapore National Eye Centre
  • National Dental Centre
  • Raffles Hospital
  • National University Hospital
  • Gleneagles Hospital
  • Singapore General Hospital
  • National Heart Centre Singapore
  • Changi General Hospital
  • National Cancer Centre
  • National Skin Centre
  • Johns Hopkins Singapore International Medical Centre
  • Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Since Singapore is known all over the world for some of the best medical treatments all across the globe, you can surely expect the best quality of doctors and surgeons here. This country has a very high quality of life and hence the health of people is of high priority.
People who wish to go to Singapore as a tourist for social purposes or seeking medical treatment, and require a longer period of stay beyond the Visit Pass granted on entry into Singapore, may submit an application for extension of stay (not more than 89 days from date of entry) online using the e-Service of ICA. All extension applications must be submitted online using the e-service at least seven days prior to the expiry of the visit pass to avoid overstaying. Extension of visit will not be accepted over the counter. Every visit pass issued to any person as a tourist or for the purpose of a social visit or medical treatment shall be subjected to the condition that the holder shall not engage in any form of employment (paid or unpaid) or in any business, profession or occupation in Singapore during the validity of that pass unless he is a holder of a valid work pass issued under the Employment of Foreign Manpower Act. Do visit the ICA website for further information.
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Singapore is a sovereign island city in itself. So you can find many options for treatment in Singapore itself, without having to travel too much.

Our team of healthcare experts would be happy to assist you

Get In Touch
or call

(+1) 424 283 4838