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Laryngectomy refers to the surgical procedure by which the larynx, commonly called as the voice box, is removed, either partially or completely. It is a major surgery performed under the influence of general anesthesia. It is performed as a part of laryngeal cancer treatment or throat cancer treatment.

Th larynx is a small organ located in the throat. It provides a pathway for air and also possesses voice cords that help produce sound. Removal of the voice box, thus, affects breathing, swallowing and speech and the patient has to perform all these three activities through different mechanism after the surgery. 

Who requires laryngectomy?

Laryngectomy is a serious, complex, and major surgery that requires careful monitoring and must be performed under the guidance of an experienced surgeon. This radical procedure is warranted in cases of patients suffering from:

  • Cancer of the larynx or throat
  • Damage to larynx from past radiation treatment
  • Severe injury to the voice box

During the laryngectomy procedure, the doctor may decide to remove entire larynx or just a part of it, depending on the extent of damage and the condition of the patient. The doctor may even decide to remove a part of the pharynx during the same procedure. A pharynx is a passage between the oesophagus and nasal cavity. The surgeon first makes a slit in the throat of the patient to expose the larynx and the surrounding tissues, which are then removed along with it. In some cancer cases, the surrounding lymph nodes are also removed.

This step is followed up with a creation of a hole in the neck, which is connected to the trachea. The hole is called stoma, which is placed there permanently. This procedure is also known as a tracheostomy. The cuts made are closed with the help of stitches and the wound is left to heal.

Tracheoesophageal Puncture (TEP)

Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) is a special procedure, typically conducted along with laryngectomy. During this procedure, a hole is created in the oesophagus and the trachea. After the hole has healed, a prosthetic voice box is attached there so that the patient is able to speak again.

Laryngectomy is a radical procedure and it requires the patient to stay in the hospital at least for a few days after the procedure. The patient spends the initial two days after the surgery in an ICU, wherein all the vital parameters such as heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure are carefully monitored. The patient is unable to eat anything until the wound in the throat completely heals. The patient gets all the nutrition through a feeding tube. The neck may remain painful for many days and medications are given to manage pain and swelling.

The patients are advised to move around a bit to prevent blood clots from building up. In addition, special care is needed to prevent stoma from infection as potentially harmful viruses and bacteria can enter the body through this newly created opening in the throat. It takes a long time for the patient to adjust to the changes in their throat and neck after the removal of their voice box. In the absence of a TEP, the patients are advised to consult a counsellor who can help with non-verbal communication and oesophagal speech.

Just like any other surgery, a patient who undergoes laryngectomy is at an increased risk of suffering from bleeding, infection, breathing problems or an allergic reaction to anaesthesia. Some other risks specific to laryngectomy may include infection in the wound, hematoma, stomal stenosis, problem eating and swallowing food, and damage to parts of the oesophagus or trachea.

Frequently Asked Questions

Hungary is well-known for the broad range of treatments implemented for treating one or diverse types of diseases. The healthcare facilities in Hungary focuses on overall care and thus, attends to both physiological and psychological care. To keep at par with the other developed countries in the world, Hungary focuses in upgrading and constantly keeps room for including modern amenities. Therefore, the candidates availing treatments in Hungary are treated thoroughly with modern techniques, assisted by skilled professionals which makes opting Hungary one of the most wise decisions.
The hospital in Hungary are furnished with cutting edge technology and robotic machineries which are the newest addition to the medical field. From diagnosis to providing necessary treatment, the hospitals are ideally planned to provide all-round care to every individual requiring medical assistance. One of the most important aspect of availing treatments in Hungary is the candidate interaction of the support staffs. Not only the doctors, surgeons, but also the support individuals are extremely well- educated with the modern devices, and are capable of dealing with every kind of situation and thereby has great contribution to the high success rates.
The doctors and surgeons are well- versed with the modern advancements and are duly trained to operate robotic technology gracing the medical science. They are also professionally trained to embrace future advancements which guarantees completely advanced mode of treatment to the visiting individuals. The treatment thus offered are world-class as specific care is taken to minimize side effects and further risks in fatal conditions.
To avail a medical visa before travelling to Hungary, the candidate must thoroughly go through the procedure mentioned on the government website of the country. The procedure should be stepwise followed and the mentioned/ required documents should be kept ready for producing, as and when required. The necessary requirements for the same are:
  • Two passport size photographs of the candidate
  • Valid passport (both original and photocopy) which should not have an expiry date within three months of scheduled visit.
  • Duly filled copy of visa application form
  • Paid receipt for the visa application fee
  • Medical insurance and travel insurance documents which guarantees financial credibility
  • Civil status proof of the candidate
  • Employment status, if any, or clear mentioning of the status of the candidate
  • Accommodation documents, may it be hotels, rental or staying with an acquaintance, should be clearly mentioned.
  • In case the candidate is a minor, consent letter from the guardians or parents need to be provided
  • Medical certificate duly signed by the registered medical practitioner as well as acceptance letter by the doctor referred to
  • Additional documents like birth certificate, residential proofs, etc., may also be required.
The support services provided by MediGence ensures seamless medical travelling experience in Hungary. Right from the beginning of the journey to the end, MediGence assists the candidates and the family with utmost care thereby making the stay as comfortable as it can be. Hence, here is a list of services provided for candidate satisfaction:
  • Travel insurance guidance
  • Medical insurance query related support
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free Airport to Hospital Transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodation Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Hungary is thriving and blooming with metropolitan cities which have excelled in terms of hospitals and clinics thereby providing excellent medical facilities. The treatments in Hungary are world-class and have scored high success rates, which is why, a huge number of medical tourists flock to the country to avail treatments for minor to major diseases and anomalies. Hence, here are some of the best cities that house some of the best hospitals in Hungary:
  • Budapest
  • Pecs
  • Szeged
  • Debrecen
  • Miskolc

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