Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction refers to the replacement of the damaged ACL with a tissue to facilitate normal functioning of the knee. ACL is a major stabilizing ligament in the knee, which connects the femur to the tibia. ACL helps provide proper movement of the tibia. ACL also facilitates pivoting or sudden change in the direction of the leg, preventing the damage to the knee.
The ACL can be injured in different ways, thus warranting a need for ACL repair. The following scenarios may damage the ACL:
The ACL may not require surgery when the knee is stable when the ligament is not torn completely, or even when you don’t have to strain your knees by active sports. The alternate treatment in such a situation is “RICE” – Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.
Physiotherapy, exercise, and braces for legs can help provide support to the knee. Exercises such as swimming, running in a straight line, and playing golf can be preferred by active individuals if they do not wish to return to an active sports life.
General anaesthesia or local anaesthesia will be given before ACL reconstruction surgery. The tissue to replace the damaged ACL will be taken from the kneecap or hamstring tendons of your body, or from a donor. The surgery is usually performed with the help of knee arthroscopy.
ACL repair involves the use of a camera inserted into the slit made in the knee. A computer connected to the camera facilitates viewing of the inner ligament, by which the physician can perform the surgery. Other incisions are made to incorporate the required equipment and then the ACL reconstruction surgery is performed.
You will be sent home on the same day of the surgery. You will be instructed to use knee braces or crutches after one to four weeks of the surgery. The physician prescribes pain medications if required. Physiotherapy could help retain the integrity of the knee faster.
The cost of ACL surgery in India is highly affordable, especially when compared to the Western countries. A medical tourist from abroad can pay minimal ACL surgery cost in India and get treated successfully without any complications.
The cost of ACL reconstruction in other countries is much higher than that of India. This is one of the leading reasons why people with ACL injury choose to come to India for its repair. The overall ACL reconstruction cost, however, depends on several factors. These factors dictate the total ACL repair surgery cost irrespective of the country that you decide to get the repair done. These include the choice of hospital, the choice of city complications involves, the cost of medications, surgeon’s fees, and hospital charges among other factors.
The following highlights the ACL surgery cost in India and some of the other countries:
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Q. When should I go for an ACL repair?
A. It is recommended to people who want to return to their active sports life and prevent a knee-buckling while performing these sports. It is recommended for patients with a stressed knee.
Q. When should the surgery be performed?
A. The surgery is not an emergency. Effective results are observed if the surgery is performed after a small period of rehabilitation to the knee. For better results and protection of the meniscus of the knee, six months of rehabilitation after the tear of the ACL is required.
Q. How can I know that I have ACL damage?
A. A pop sound will occur at the time of the injury. The swollen and painful knee may indicate that you have ACL damage.
Q. Will my pain reduce after ACL pain?
A. There will be pain until two weeks after the surgery. The pain can be controlled by using ice packs, performing exercises as recommended by the physician, taking rest, and using pain relief medications.
Q. Can I return to sports after the surgery?
A. Yes, but it can take 9 to 12 months after proper rehabilitation and 6 months training in sports-specific agility drills.
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