Kidney Transplantation From Unrelated Donor: Things You Need to Know

Kidney Transplantation From Unrelated Donor: Things You Need to Know

Kidney disease kills millions of people around the world. It is estimated that 31 million people in the US alone are suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD), which accounts for almost 10 percent of the adult population. Kidney Transplantation From Unrelated Donor is a reality in today’s world.

Patients suffering from CKD often need dialysis or kidney transplantation to survive. However, it is estimated that only half of the people across the world who need hemodialysis or kidney transplantation actually end up receiving treatment. Nearly 2 million people die prematurely every year because of the absence of treatment for kidney failure.


Kidney Transplant: Conditions, Procedure and Recovery

Learn More

One of the main reasons why so many people die is the unavailability of donors in the immediate family. Additionally, the quality of life of people who wish to remain of dialysis for the rest of their lives and not go for a transplant also continues to deteriorate.

However, another major problem is ignorance about the laws pertaining to kidney donation and kidney transplant across the world. When people do not have a suitable donor in their family, they usually think that there is no way to undergo a transplant. This is because most of the countries only allow kidney transplant from a blood relative. However, this is not true about all countries.

Patients who do not have a blood-relative and who can donate a kidney can still get transplantation done. This is possible through an unrelated, yet emotionally attached donor. However, there are only a handful of countries that allow that and Singapore and Turkey are two of them.

Kidney transplantation in Turkey is available at some of the best JCI-certified hospitals in the country. Kidney transplantation in Singapore is equally popular among renal patients.

Patients and families who know that it is possible to get kidney transplantation done from an unrelated yet known donor are often confused about the procedure, how things work out in this case, the documents they need, and the legal implications. The purpose of this blog is to empower the end-stage renal patients by imparting them knowledge about unrelated kidney transplantation.


Check out the Top Hospitals in Singapore for Kidney Transplant

Check Out Now

Section 1: Qualifying Criteria for Unrelated Kidney Transplantation

Kidney Transplantation From Unrelated Donor

The most important thing that matters in the case of unrelated kidney transplantation is that the donor and the patient should be known to each other for years. However, it is equally important for them to be emotionally attached.

It is important to have a donor who is known and emotionally attached but not someone who is:

  • Known to the patient but is willing to donate in return for financial help
  • Known to the patient but has any other interests in return
  • Not mentally stable
  • Is not an adult
  • Not independent enough to make his or her decision

The donor in the case of unrelated kidney transplantation should also fulfill the following criteria:

  • Within the age group of 18 and 50
  • No history of any surgery before
  • No history of any disease or underlying conditions such as hypertension or diabetes

Know about the Legal Formalities for Kidney Transplant

Yes! I want to Know

Section 2: Ethics Committee Meeting and its Purpose

All case of unrelated kidney transplantation has to undergo Ethics Committee Interview for the final approval on the surgery. The purpose of the Ethics Committee Meeting is to identify that the donor is genuine or whether he or she is actually known to the patient and his family or not.

The Ethics Committee Meeting is usually held twice a month in the country that allows kidney transplantation from an unrelated donor. The committee comprises police offers, psychologists, and doctors.

During the meeting, the patient and the donor are asked distinctive questions. Based on their answers, body language, attitude, and the level of confidence with which they answer, the committee decided whether the case is genuine or if there is organ trafficking involved.

For this reason, the patient and the donor should not try to hide any information from them. If any discrepancy is found or if the committee gets to know that it is a case of paid organ donation or organ trafficking, then there can be serious penalties or even imprisonment under the law of that particular country.

Before the Ethics Committee Meeting takes place, the concerned hospital gets all the investigations done for the patient and the donor. A copy of the reports is submitted to them along with other documentation mentioned later in this article.

In the case of patients from a different country who are not comfortable with the local language, a translator is given to facilitate the Q&A session. The patient and the donor are given different translators (approved by the Ministry) to maintain transparency and to rule out foul play during the entire process.

There are no set questions that the Ethics Committee asks every patient and that totally depends on the patient and the donor and their comfort level in responding to questions. However, as per our previous patients, the following are some of the areas that the Ethics Committee asks questions around:

  • Names of the immediate children, siblings, or family members
  • Family background, residential location, etc.
  • How do you know each other and since when?
  • How is their house, number of rooms, number of family members, etc?
  • Why are you donating the kidney?
  • Are you aware of the risks of kidney donation?
  • Are you under any stress of donating your kidney?

You can also check the Patient testimonial of a patient who had undergone a Kidney Transplantation in Turkey. He explains to you how the process of Kidney Transplant takes place, what kind of questions are asked in the Ethics Committee and his review of the same process in a Foreign Medical Destination.

Section 3: Tests Required

For a technical approval on the case, the following reports of the patient and the donor must be submitted for review before the case proceeds any further:

  • Blood group and other work-up
  • Serology tests (HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C)
  • Urinalysis
  • Kidney function test
  • Liver function test
  • Electrolytes
  • Renal ultrasound
  • Whole abdomen ultrasound
  • Doppler ultrasound of the kidney vessels
  • Tissue compatibility tests (HLA mapping)

The concerned hospital may or may not decide to repeat all the tests when the patient arrives. In addition to these tests, a cardiac and psychiatric evaluation is also carried out. Once everything is done and approved, all reports are submitted to the Ethics Committee for their review, a few days in advance of the meeting.

Section 4: Documentation Required

Hospitals that conduct kidney transplantation in Turkey from an unrelated donor usually require the following set of documentation:

  • Birth certificate for the patient and the donor
  • Family records and proof of relationship (old photographs, documented records, etc.)
  • Passport copies of the patient and donor
  • Written notary verified consent of the husband/wife if the donor is married

All of these documents must have Apostille authorization and later are translated into the Turkish language for submission to the Ethics Committee. Hospitals that conduct kidney transplants in Singapore from an unrelated donor require an extra set of documentation. Some of the documents include the following:

  • Family tree of the recipient along with the name, age, blood group, and health status
  • Family tree of the donor along with the name, age, and occupation
  • Official proof explaining why can’t a blood relative donate a kidney
  • Donor’s consent in the presence of The Commissioner of Oath in Singapore
  • Financially independent donors to submit bank passbook or statement for the last 6 months, educational certificates, income tax return, appointment letter, and/or a copy of health or life insurance among other documents

A kidney transplant in Turkey can be done from a donor who is aged above 18. But kidney transplant in Singapore is usually done from a donor aged above 21.

Section 5: Cost Implications

The cost of kidney transplantation in Turkey at a JCI-certified hospital starts at around $15000 (pre-investigation excluded). The cost of kidney transplantation in Singapore at a JCI-certified hospital starts at about $40000 (pre-investigation excluded).


Looking for a Cost Estimate for Kidney Transplant

Get me the Best Quotes

The overall kidney transplantation cost in either of these countries, however, may depend on several factors, including the following:

  • Pre-surgical investigations for the patient and donor
  • Accommodation
  • Food expenses
  • Cost of document translation
  • Follow-up cost after discharge
  • Cost of flights
  • Visa fees

Avail the quality KIDNEY TRANSPLANT with Prenegotiated packages offered by MediGence | Save 20% | Book 10% Online & Travel Anytime

Kidney Transplant Surgery

  • Complimentary Stay for 2 in a Hotel for 30 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Kidney Transplant Surgery

  • Complimentary Stay for 2 in a Hotel for 25 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Kidney Transplant Surgery

  • Complimentary Stay for the Patient in a Hotel for 10 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Kidney Transplant Surgery

  • Complimentary Stay for 2 in a Hotel for 30 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Kidney Transplant Surgery

  • Complimentary Stay for 2 in a Hotel for 25 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Kidney Transplant

  • Complimentary Stay for Patient in a Hotel for 25 Nights
  • Free Room Upgrade from Economy to Private
  • MORE

Best Hospital for Kidney Transplants Across the World


Bahcesehir Liv Hospital is under the aegis of Istinye University. The hospital starts its operation in 2016. It is an excellent example of the collaboration of knowledge and technology. The services provided by the hospital include training, investigation, and education. The hospital has a world-class infrastructure. The hospital has a patient-centric approach and the vision is to treat patients successfull... Read More




DOCTORS in 11 Specialties


Facilities & Amenities


Medical Park Bursa Hospital started its operations in August 2016. From then onwards, it has been the mainstay of quality and affordable healthcare not only for the people living in turkey but the patients throughout the world. The world-class infrastructure and affordable price of treatment have registered this hospital on the map of medical tourism. The slogan 'Value-Added Medicine' aligns with the facilities and treatments available in this hospital. ... Read More




DOCTORS in 12 Specialties


Facilities & Amenities

  • ISO 9001

Baskent University Istanbul Hospital is a large facility that offers treatment to patients worldwide. All major treatments from varied specialties are offered here. The hospital complex is spread across a huge13.000 m2 indoor area and features modern inpatient rooms fitted with the latest and advanced medical equipment.

Today, Baskent University Istanbul Hospital offers treatment across all major specialties, including organ transplantation, orthopedics, and traumatology, cardiac sur... Read More




DOCTORS in 14 Specialties


Facilities & Amenities

Ask an Infertility Specialist Online and Receive Instant Medical Advice

Umesh Gupta


Delhi, India

Book @ USD 48

Amit Updhyay

Medical Oncologist, Hematolog...

New Delhi, India

Book @ USD 48

Rajesh Goel


New Delhi, India

Book @ USD 37

Deepak Kalra


New Delhi, India

Book @ USD 45

Manoj K Singhal


Ghaziabad, India

Book @ USD 60

Pawan Kumar Singh


Gurugram, India

Book @ USD 64

Last modified on at Mar 29, 2022

Guneet Bhatia

Guneet Bhatia is an avid reader, healthcare writer, and is currently Director of Patient Care Department, MediGence. She has also been featured on many prominent Healthcare portals such as IBTimes, HCIT Expert, Clinician Today.

Recent Post

Our Success Stories

Our team of healthcare experts would be happy to assist you

Get In Touch
or call

(+1) 424 283 4838