The transplantation in Turkey has its cornerstone since 1978. In 1978 the first kidney transplantation in deceased donor took place, the organ is supplied by the Eurotransplant. Since then it has been developed a lot. A patient needs to opt for a kidney transplant in case of kidney failure. Earlier there were so many challenges against kidney transplantation as many times body rejects the donor organ which is a kidney in this case.
There are three types of rejection namely Hyperacute rejection, Acute rejection, and chronic rejection. In hyperacute rejection, the graft(kidney) is rejected by the body within a few minutes after transplantation while it takes 1 week to 3 months in case if Acute rejection. In chronic rejection, the graft is rejected after many years. Due to kidney failure, the body is not able to eliminate toxins and waste from the body very well. So, all the toxins remain in the body and over time the whole body gets affected due to these toxins. An alternative to kidney transplant is Dialysis but it is inconvenient as the patient has to go every week to the hospital for dialysis. There are many good hospitals available in turkey for good kidney transplantation. In Turkey, anyone who is aged 18 or above is allowed to donate their kidney voluntarily. And with time the number of donors is increasing at a very rapid rate in Turkey so there will be a very high chance that you can find a kidney that your body won’t reject easily in Turkey.
The cost of kidney transplantation in Turkey generally starts from USD 21,000. There are many factors to be taken into account like the skills and experience of the surgeon performing the transplantation, cost of medicines and various hospital charges. There are certain things which can be done in order to reduce the expense of kidney transplantation. Some of the things are early construction of vascular access, reuse of the dialyzers, promoting home dialysis, strict control over the use of some of the expensive drugs and try to go for the pre-emptive kidney transplantation can help you reduce your expenses. Other things which influence the cost of kidney transplantation are the rate at which the patient recovers because if the patient recovers quickly then many hospital expenses can be avoided. Also if the compatibility check is done before the transplantation by testing the blood samples of the donor and the recipient can also save money to a great extent because if the organ is not compatible then the body will reject the organ which means the recipient has to find another organ donor.
There are many options when it comes to the treatment of a kidney that fails to maintain normal function in the body. Kidney transplant surgery is one of the most successful ways to restore normal functioning of the affected kidneys as it allows for an access to greater freedom and a better quality of life.
A kidney transplant patient is more likely to enjoy bouts of energy and follow the less strict diet as compared to patients who choose an alternative treatment.
The kidney performs several important functions in the human body. Even slight damage to the kidneys can, therefore, cause a lot of problems. When the kidney is rendered incapable of its main function, that is, removal of waste products from the blood, a condition called uremia develops.
Unfortunately, the symptoms of this condition do not develop unless 90 percent of the kidney is damaged. This is the time when an individual would require a kidney transplantation surgery or dialysis to restore the normal functioning.
There are several other kidney diseases that warrant the need for a kidney transplantation. Some of these conditions include the following:
Some of the common symptoms observed in the case of kidney diseases include the following:
The kidney transplant surgery is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The operation can range from two to four hours. Since the kidney is placed in a different location than where it naturally exists, this kind of procedure is called a heterotypic transplant.
This is unlike liver and heart transplant surgeries during which the organ is placed in the same location after removing the diseased organ. Thus, in the case of a kidney transplant, diseased kidneys are left in its original position.
During the kidney transplant procedure, an intravenous line is initiated in the hand or arm and catheters are connected to the wrist and neck to check the blood pressure, heart status and take samples of blood. Groin or region below the collarbone can also be used for insertion of catheters.
The hair is shaved off or cleared in the region of the surgical site and a urinary catheter is inserted into the bladder. The patient is positioned on the operating table lying on their back. After the administration of general anesthesia, a tube is positioned into the lungs through the mouth. This tube is attached to a ventilator so that the patient can breathe during the surgery.
The anesthesiologist closely monitors the blood oxygen level, breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. The site of the incision is cleaned with an antiseptic solution. A long incision is made by the doctor on one side of the lower abdomen. The donor's kidney is visually inspected before implantation.
Now the donor's kidney is placed in the abdomen. Usually, the left donor kidney is implanted on the right side and vice versa. This leaves scope to connect ureters with the bladder. To the external iliac artery and vein, the renal artery and vein of the donor's kidney are sewn.
The donor ureter is then connected to the urinary bladder of the patient. With surgical staples and stitches, the incision is closed and a drain is positioned at the incision site to prevent swelling. Lastly, a sterile bandage or dressing is placed.
After the surgery, close monitoring of the functioning of transplanted kidney and signs of adjustment, rejection, infection, and immunosuppression is done. Almost 30 percent of the cases experience a few side effects related to organ rejection and it usually happens within a period of 6 months. In some cases, it can even happen years later. Quick treatment can negate and fight rejection in such cases.
Immunosuppressive agents that fight rejection prevent this from happening. These medications have advised to the transplant patients for their lifetime. The kidney transplant success rate is challenged if these medications are stopped. A combination of drugs is usually recommended
It takes around two to three days for the recipient to be discharged from the hospital after the surgery. The patient is encouraged to take small steps and start walking and moving a bit. Kidney transplant recovery period lasts for around two to three weeks of the surgery, after which the patient may return back to normal life.
The kidney transplantation in Turkey has a rich history beginning from 1978 when the first kidney was transplanted in the diseased organ. The Ministry of Health of Turkey has promoted kidney transplantation a lot and they are still striving to transplant every diseased kidney. Due to their promotion, there are a lot of donors in Turkey so it is very likely that a patient will find a compatible kidney for transplantation in Turkey. Not only the participation of the government and the people aid in kidney transplantation in Turkey but the surgeons and hospitals which provide the facility of Kidney transplantation are of top quality. All the professionals are highly qualified from the respected universities in the world. The hospitals take comprehensive care of the patients and everything which is needed for the patient is provided easily. The cost of kidney transplantation in Turkey is also lower as compared to big and developed countries like the USA and the facilities are all exactly the same to that of big counties.
The cost of kidney transplantation in Turkey starts from around USD 21,000. But it varies very largely, depending on many factors. The average cost of kidney transplantation in Turkey is USD 16,277 for the first year and the average cost for Home hemodialysis is USD 16,085 per year. The dialysis is inconvenient as the patient has to go to the hospital every week and it is costlier than the kidney transplant. The kidney transplant is more adequate than dialysis. There are many factors which influence the cost of kidney transplantation such as equipment, qualified staff, and good clinical infrastructure. The Ministry of Health in Turkey has developed various short term and long term plans for the population in order to decrease the cost of kidney transplantation and enhance the quality of life.
There are many top hospitals and doctors in Turkey which matches the quality of hospitals in big and developed countries like the USA and Germany. Some of the best hospitals in Turkey are:
Hisar International Hospital: It is the largest private hospital in Turkey and the most comprehensive. It provides top class diagnosis and treatment to every patient in the most comfortable environment which is maintained in accordance with the need of the patient.
Liv Hospital Ulus: It is a pioneer of quality and reliable health care services. Their doctors have vast experience in kidney transplantation and the hospital is incorporated with the state of the art technology so that the patient is treated comfortably and safely.
The success of kidney transplantation in Turkey started a long time ago and till date around 20,7894 kidney transplantation has been performed successfully in 62 different centres across the whole nation. Along with a huge number of Kidney transplants, many other types of transplant are also successful like 6565 livers, 168 pancreases and 621 hearts has also been transplanted successfully. The success rate of surgery in most of the hospitals is 70–80% and in 99% of the time after successful transplantation, the patient has no discomfort or complication.
The best city for kidney transplantation in turkey is Istanbul. The capital of the country Ankara comes in number two because Istanbul has many highly rated and world-class hospitals for kidney transplantation. The best facilities you can find in Istanbul for Kidney transplantation are Medicana Bahçelievler Hospital, Hisar Intercontinental Hospital,
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