Cardiac surgery or commonly known as heart surgery is done to correct heart problems like coronary artery bypass grafting, endocarditis or even heart transplantation. According to a survey in 2016, in India heart diseases alone has contributed to 17.8% of total deaths. It also showed that factors like poverty, access to poor medical facilities, ignorance and smoking are the top causes in India for heart disease.
Indian hospitals are the best for cardiac care. It is not only because India has unmatched well trained and knowledgeable surgeons and specialists but also has a combination of sophisticated curative technology and comparatively low costs.
The best cardiology services are provided in the cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Chennai and Kerala. These cities are known for being home to well equipped cardiac hospitals that treat heart diseases at all levels.
Though India has a hub of well trained and experienced doctors, Dr. Ramakanta Panda (Chief Consultant for Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgery and the Vice Chairman and Managing Director of the Asian Heart Institute) practicing at Mumbai and Dr. Ganesh Shivnani (Sr. Consultant Cardiac Surgeon at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi) are considered to be the best in this field.
India has an edge when it comes to low-cost medical services. One can save up to 70-90% of their medical costs here as compared to the USA, UK or other South Asian Nations. An open-heart surgery that costs $90.000 in the USA, costs $7500 in India.
1. Fortis Memorial Research Institute
Fortis Memorial Research Institute is one of the finest centers for cardiac treatment and surgery. The hospital is equipped with a world-class infrastructure capable of handling complex cardiac cases. The hospital is known for implementing innovative technologies and newer strategies within the ambit of international guidelines. The cardiac surgery department performs Heart Transplant, Valve Repair, and Replacement, Pulmonary Endarterectomy, and Beating heart & Minimal Access CABG among various other surgical interventions. The Interventional Cardiology department performs angioplasty, Stenting of critical lesions, and Valvuloplasties. The Aortic and Tricuspid Valvuloplasties and Coarctoplasties are also done at the institute. The doctors are experienced in performing non-invasive and invasive cardiac procedures. The non-invasive cardiac procedure includes 3D-Transoesophageal ECHO, Carotid Vertebral Doppler, Fetal Cardiology & Echocardiography, and Transesophageal ECHO. The hospital has specialty clinics for various cardiac disorders and a support service department.
2. Venkateshwar Hospital
Venkateshwar hospital has a large and experienced team of cardiovascular surgeons. Complex cases of cardiac surgery are handled by expert surgeons with a high rate of a successful outcome. The surgical interventions provided at the hospital are for vascular, congenital, and coronary problems. The surgery at the hospital is done through advanced technology, and world-class post-operative care is done at the hospital. The surgeries conducted at the hospital are Left Ventricular Assist Devices and heart transplant. Beating Heart & Mini Invasive Cardiac Surgeries and complex vascular surgeries are also done at the hospital. The interventional cardiology department at the hospital performs Cardiac Catheterization Studies, Peripheral Angiography & Interventions, Electrophysiology & Pacing, Structural Heart Disease Interventions, and Coronary Angiography & Interventions.
3. Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital
The Institute of Heart and Vascular Sciences at Max Smart Super specialty hospital is one of the best heart centers in North India. The institute has high-end diagnosing equipment that accurately diagnoses the problem. The institute provides treatment for various cardiac conditions including heart defects, pulmonary heart failure, congenital heart disease, and coronary artery diseases. The hospital has advanced operation theatres and the surgery is performed by the best cardiac surgeons. The hospitals also perform interventional cardiological procedures. The hospital also has a cardiac care program for its patients that help to manage and monitor the cardiac health status. Procedures such as Pacemaker, Angioplasty/Angiography, Heart Hole surgeries, and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery are also performed at the institute.
4. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital
The treatment of cardiovascular disease at Apollo hospital is done at the Apollo heart institute. The Heart Institute at Apollo institute is one of the most advanced and successfully handled complex cardiac cases. The institute has performed more than 1,50,000 cardiac surgeries including complex coronary artery surgery and pediatric surgery. The next generation intensive care units, Cath labs, and intensive care units along with the experienced and finest medical and paramedical staff have put the Apollo heart institute into the category of best heart institute of the world. The advanced techniques such as Laser Angioplasty and Percutaneous Transluminal Septal Myocardial Ablation are also performed at the institute.
5. Artemis Health Institute
Artemis Heart Center under the Artemis Health Institute is an innovative center with cutting-edge technology. The center is further subdivided into the Cardiology department for pediatrics and adults and Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery for pediatrics and adults. The heart center has world-class facilities and has received the JCI and NABH certifications. The facilities are available in the field of Clinical Cardiology, Paediatric Cardiology, and Preventive Cardiology. The medical team of the Cardiothoracic and vascular surgery comprises experts with several years of experience. The paramedical staff is extensively trained to take care of the patients before and after the surgery. The technology and infrastructure help our surgeons in achieving the endeavor of successful cardiac surgery. The heart center at Artemis is supported by the pediatric department, the radiology department, and the intensive care and critical care department. This allows us to design a collaborative treatment approach for the patient. The facilities available at the Artemis Heart Center are Coronary angioplasty with Rotablation, Septal alcohol ablation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Coil embolization of abnormal vascular channels, Diagnostic right and left heart catheterization and angiography, Device closure of Congenital heart defects, Permanent and temporary Pacemaker implants, Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Bypass Surgery, and Cardiac & Vascular Trauma Surgery along with various other procedures.
Various hospitals in India offer advanced treatment in cardiovascular diseases. The treatment may be non-invasive, through medications or surgeries. The hospitals in India have experienced doctors, that are assisted by advanced technology, to perform the high-risk cardiac surgeries in India with a high rate of a positive outcome. Following are some of the heart surgeries available in India:
· Coronary Artery Surgery
· Bypass Surgery
· Stent placement surgery
· Valve repair and replacement surgery
· Septal defect surgery
· Congenital cardiac disorder surgery
· Heart transplant surgery
· Pacemaker implantation surgery
· Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
· Minimally invasive surgery
There are various approaches used for heart surgery in India. The doctor decides which surgery is best suitable for the patient. Following are the various approached for heart surgery in India:
Open-Heart Surgery: During the open-heart surgery, the surgeon makes an incision on the chest skin, opens the chest, and operates on the heart. In this method, the heart is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. During the open-heart surgery, the heart is not beating.
Off-pump Heart Surgery: This surgery is like the open-heart surgery with the only difference that there is no use of the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgery is done on a beating heart.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery: During the minimally invasive surgery, the surgeon will make an incision on the side of the chest wall to reach the heart. This surgery is useful in repairing or replacing the valves, bypass grafting, or pacemaker implantation.
Robotic surgery or endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery: It is also a type of minimally invasive surgery. In this approach, the surgery is done by the robot while the surgeon controls the robotic arm.
Various cardiologists in India have gained a lot of experience and are experts in performing complex cardiac surgeries. The top cardiologists in India are:
Dr. Ashok Seth: With more than 30 years of experience in interventional cardiology, Dr. Ashok Seth is one of the most renowned cardiologists in India. He is presently the Chairman, Cardiology – Interventional at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Center, New Delhi.
Dr. Praveen Chandra: Dr. Praveen Chandra is the Chairman - Interventional & Structural Heart Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology, Heart Institute at Medanta Medicity, Gurugram. He is an expert in performing various cardiac surgeries through new and innovative technologies.
Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty: Dr. Devi Prasad has more than 34 years of experience. He is presently the Chairman and Executive Director of Narayana Health.
Dr. Naresh Trehan: Dr. Naresh Trehan is a well-known cardiac and Cardio-thoracic surgeon. He is the Chairman and Managing Director of Medanta - The Medicity, Gurugram. He is an expert in minimally invasive cardiac surgery and received Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan awards.
Dr. K.K. Talwar: Dr. K.K. Talwar has more than 39 years of experience. He is presently associated with Max Super Speciality Hospital, Mohali.
Delhi-NCR: Delhi-NCR has various hospitals that provide world-class facilities for cardiology treatment. Hospitals such as Apollo Indraprastha, Artemis, Medanta Medicity, Fortis heart Institute, and Max hospital are equipped for performing heart surgeries.
Mumbai: Mumbai has various hospitals with modern infrastructure. These hospitals include Nanavati Hospital, Wockhardt hospital, SevenHills Hospital, Fortis Hospital, and SL Raheja Hospital.
Bangalore: Bangalore also provides one of the best heart treatment services. Hospitals such as Manipal Hospital, Narayana Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Columbia Hospital, and Aster Hospital provides advanced facilities for heart treatment.
Chennai: Apollo hospital, Fortis hospital, and Gleneagles hospital are equipped with high-quality infrastructure to take care of the patients suffering from cardiac diseases.
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