World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 2022 | MediGence

World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 2022 | MediGence

Overview

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease, which mostly affects the lungs and can be lethal. Coughs and sneezes discharge microscopic droplets into the air, allowing tuberculosis bacteria to transmit from person to person. Tuberculosis is the world’s 13th largest cause of death and the second leading infectious killer (after HIV/AIDS), according to a WHO report published in 2020. By 2020, an estimated ten million people would have contracted tuberculosis (TB). In the United States, there are 5.6 million men, 3.3 million women, and 1.1 million children. Tuberculosis affects people of all ages and in all countries.

World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on March 24th to promote public awareness about tuberculosis, which continues to be an epidemic in much of the world, killing around 1.5 million people each year, primarily in developing countries. The day is followed by a specific issue or theme each year, and the theme for this year (2022) is ‘Invest to End TB. Save Lives.’

History of World TB Day

On March 24, 1882, Dr. Robert Koch announced the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the germ that causes tuberculosis (TB). At the time, tuberculosis killed one out of every seven people in the United States and Europe. Dr. Koch’s discovery was the most important step toward the control and eradication of this fatal disease. A century later, March 24 was declared as World Tuberculosis Day, a day dedicated to raising public awareness of tuberculosis’ global effects.

Johann Schonlein coined the term “tuberculosis” in 1834, despite the fact that Mycobacterium tuberculosis may have existed for up to 3 million years. Robert further said that World Tuberculosis Day would not be celebrated until tuberculosis has been eradicated. It is, however, a crucial opportunity to educate the public about the devastating effects of tuberculosis and how it can be avoided.

World TB Day Virtual Press Conference 2022 | WHO

Symptoms & Causes of Tuberculosis

Patients with an active Tuberculosis will have the following signs and symptoms:

  • Coughing for at least three weeks or more
  • Blood or mucous coughing is quite a common symptom
  • Chest pain, especially during breathing or coughing
  • The weight reduction that occurs unintentionally
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Sweating at night
  • Chills
  • Appetite loss
  • Tuberculosis can affect the kidneys, spine, and brain, among other organs. TB in organs other than the lungs has different indications and symptoms. Back pain can be caused by tuberculosis of the spine, but blood in the urine can be caused by TB of the kidneys.

Causes: Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread through the air in a form of tiny droplets from one person to the next. This can happen when someone with untreated active tuberculosis coughs, talks, sneezes, spits, laughs, or sings. Tuberculosis is significantly more likely to spread among your friends or coworkers than it is among strangers. Most tuberculosis patients are no longer contagious after receiving appropriate treatment for at least two weeks. HIV/tuberculosis (HIV/TB) and drug-resistant tuberculosis (DRTB) are the two most common causes. Tuberculosis can affect anyone, but some variables, such as a compromised immune system, traveling or residing in particular places, IV medications or excessive alcohol use, smoking, working in healthcare, and living with someone infected with TB, might raise your risk.

Impact of TB in The World

A quarter of the world’s population has tuberculosis infection, which implies they’ve been infected but aren’t sick yet and can’t spread the disease. Tuberculosis is a 5–10% lifetime risk for people who have been infected with TB germs. People with impaired immunity, such as those with HIV, malnutrition, diabetes, or smokers, are more prone to get sick.

The WHO published a report on the global burden of tuberculosis (TB), which affects people in every country. It is estimated that in 2020, the largest number of people were infected with TB. To mention a few, 43% of new cases were found in the Southeast Asian region, 25% in the African region, and 18% in the Western-Pacific region. When a tuberculosis patient’s doctor notifies them that they have been diagnosed with the disease, they no longer need to be scared or panicked (TB). Tuberculosis is now treatable and thus curable, thanks to the recent medical advances.

Why Do We Commemorate World TB Day?

Every year on March 24, we observe World Tuberculosis Day to raise public awareness of the devastating health, social, and economic effects of tuberculosis (TB) and to increase efforts to end the global TB epidemic. The date commemorates the announcement by Dr. Robert Koch in 1882 that he had discovered the bacteria that causes tuberculosis, paving the path for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Antimicrobial resistance is intensified by tuberculosis, which is the primary cause of death among HIV-positive patients. World TB Day is an effort to focus on the people who are affected by the disease and advocate for prompt action to end TB suffering and deaths, especially in light of the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.

This year, we are focusing on a new theme with the same motive to end TB- ‘Invest to End TB. It emphasizes the essential need to increase resources in the battle against tuberculosis and meet world leaders’ commitments to eradicate the disease. Millions of lives will be saved with an increase in investment, accelerating the end of the TB epidemic.

Preventive Measures:

If you have latent tuberculosis, your doctor may prescribe medicine to prevent you from developing active tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is only contagious when it is active.

Preventive Measures of TB

Early Detection– Getting a right diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis as soon as possible is the most effective technique for preventing it. It is found that after two weeks of treatment, the majority of patients are no longer infectious.

Keep your family and friends safe– It normally takes a few weeks of TB medication before you are no longer contagious if you have active tuberculosis. To keep your friends and family away from getting sick, follow these steps:
Stay at home- Avoid going to work or school during the first several weeks of therapy, as well as sleeping in a shared room.

Ascertain that the space is well ventilated– Tuberculosis germs are more easily transferred in tiny, enclosed settings where air does not flow. Open the windows and use a fan to blow the inside air outside if it’s not too cold outside.

Must cover your mouth– Cover your mouth with a tissue when you laugh, sneeze, or cough. Place the soiled tissue in a bag, seal it, and discard it.

Put on a face mask– During the first three weeks of treatment, wearing a face mask when you’re around other people may help reduce the chance of transmission.

Keep Your Environment Clean– Since tuberculosis is an airborne disease, it is vital to keep our surroundings clean. The transmission of TB bacteria can be minimized by keeping proper ventilation, natural sources of light (UV light kills TB germs), and good hygiene (covering mouth while coughing and sneezing).

Complete your medication– This is the most critical step you can take to prevent tuberculosis in yourself and others. If you stop the treatment early or skip doses, TB germs have an opportunity to evolve alterations that allow them to withstand the most potent TB treatments. Therefore, drug-resistant strains are deadlier and more difficult to cure.

The BCG Vaccination– Since 1921, the BCG vaccination (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) has been the only life-saving and licensed tuberculosis vaccine available. This vaccine is made from a strain of Mycobacterium Bovis, a weakened bovine tuberculosis bacillus. The vaccine is 80% efficient in preventing tuberculosis and is significantly more successful in children with a complex form of the disease. Before beginning any medicine, you must consult with your doctor.

Getting back to the importance of the WORLD TB DAY, once again…
It is an approach to collect political and societal commitments in order to achieve long-term success in the fight to eradicate tuberculosis as a public health problem. Each year, about nine million people are diagnosed with tuberculosis, and around three million of them do not receive the treatment they need owing to a lack of healthcare access or misdiagnosis. It is past time for us to confront this terrifying situation and seek medical counsel in order to ensure quick diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in our communities.

Some of the best Hospitals for TB Treatment in India

Apollo Hospital

Chennai,India

  • Joint Commission International, or JCI
  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)

In the year 1983 Apollo Hospitals Chennai- the flagship hospital was established. They were the first to nurture the idea in the nation to not only provide holistic healthcare but uplift it to be the face of international standards catering to individual reach and capacities. They have worked tirelessly to catapult education, research and healthcare to reach its best times in the nation.

Strategically located, hotels near Apollo hospital Chennai is very easy to locate. The hospital h... Read More

140

PROCEDURES

42

DOCTORS in 13 Specialties

20+

Facilities & Amenities

  • Joint Commission International, or JCI
  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)

Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals in Kolkata is the joint venture between Apollo Group of Hospitals chain of India and Parkway Health from Singapore. It is the only hospital to be accredited with the prestigious Joint Commission International (JCI), an international benchmark for quality treatments in the Eastern zone of the Indian subcontinent after a thorough evaluation procedure of testing safety and quality consistency parameters.

In six different categories it has received the much co... Read More

138

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36

DOCTORS in 13 Specialties

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Facilities & Amenities

  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)
  • National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL)

Gleneagles Global Hospital is a premium provider of Healthcare services in India through its chain of multi-super specialty hospitals offering tertiary and quaternary healthcare services with over 2,000 beds and state-of-the-art, world-class hospitals in Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore, and Mumbai. Gleneagles Global Hospital is a pioneer in Kidney, Liver, Heart and Lung Transplants. Gleneagles Global Hospitals is a specialist provider of Multi-organ transplant services for patients not just fr... Read More

116

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DOCTORS in 14 Specialties

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Facilities & Amenities

  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)

Inaugurated only in the year 2014 Wockhardt Hospital in Mira Road has been active in providing comprehensive healthcare and has become a name well revered by people for its high quality services given in a healthy and restorative environment.  High end critical care services are available in Wockhardt Umrao which includes consultancy for treatment packages and diagnostics service and therapies. It has a vast building with 14 stories dedicated to various departments making it a multi spe... Read More

101

PROCEDURES

15

DOCTORS in 13 Specialties

6+

Facilities & Amenities

Fortis La Femme is well known for its exclusive amenities for women since they believe that nature has created women especially with special requirements. But however it may be focused to the problems, and healthcare requirements of women specifically it is just not limited to that and has departments like Cosmetic surgeries as well apart from Obstetrics, Anesthesia, Neonatology, Gynecology, Genetic & Fetal Medicine and General & Laparoscopic Surgery departments. The hospital has bee... Read More

50

PROCEDURES

7

DOCTORS in 7 Specialties

20+

Facilities & Amenities

Equipped with more than 50 specialty institutes, Indraprastha Apollo was started with the vision of bringing forward quality with optimal cost. Situated in the capital city of India, it has upheld all that is good and valuable about the traditional Indian way of life.  Apollo hospital Delhi conducts frequent trainings and make quality healthcare affordable for anyone across the globe.

Apollo hospital Delhi’s operational model is far beyond the business metrics. Being situa... Read More

168

PROCEDURES

61

DOCTORS in 14 Specialties

20+

Facilities & Amenities

5+

Reviews

  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)

A very well designed healthcare facility has been set up in Manipal Hospital, Yeshwantpur in the heart of the South Indian city of Bangalore in a very short span of 9 years only. The location can be easily mapped from their well designed website in Manipal Hospital, Yeshwantpur hospital contact list. Not only critical surgeries and minor surgical procedures, but a complete health package and events can be opted for by patients by checking their regular updates on events in their website.

... Read More

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PROCEDURES

18

DOCTORS in 12 Specialties

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Facilities & Amenities

  • ISO 9001
  • National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH)

Under the Fortis healthcare group Fortis Noida is the second mega hub hospital established.  Maximum warmth, ease with effectiveness is guaranteed by Noida Fortis Hospital for its patients and their families. It has an array of specialties and a number of Centres of Excellence. Its key focus is on emergency trauma unit and cardiac sciences. They conduct diagnosis with their state of the art laboratories which are equipped with cutting edge technology and have successfully performed many... Read More

140

PROCEDURES

33

DOCTORS in 12 Specialties

20+

Facilities & Amenities

1+

Reviews

Established in 1995, Shanti Mukand Hospital is one of the most advanced and integrated healthcare providers in East Delhi. The Hospital boasts of most advanced technologies in each of its specialities. The hospital provides comprehensive diagnosis and treatment in almost all surgical and non-surgical specialities ranging from Dental, Dermatology, ENT, Ortho, Onco,

Neuro, Cardiac, Endocrinology, Pediatrics, Physiotherapy, Internal Medicine, Imaging etc. SMH is an NABH, ISO certified mu... Read More

78

PROCEDURES

3

DOCTORS in 11 Specialties

4+

Facilities & Amenities

1+

Reviews

  • ISO 9001

Ever since its inception in 2008, NeuroGen Institute of Brain & Spine has been the pioneer in Neurogenerative Rehabilitative Treatment. The Hospital in the last 10 years boasts of having treated 650+ patients from over 65 countries. What distinguishes NeuroGen from other hospitals is its world-class professional expertise along with state-of-the-art medical equipment and infrastructure.

The hospital is also involved in clinical research in the ... Read More

4

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DOCTORS in 2 Specialties

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Facilities & Amenities

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Last modified on blank at Jun 18, 2022

Reviewed By :- Megha Saxena
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Guneet Bhatia

Guneet Bhatia is an avid reader, healthcare writer, and is currently Director of Patient Care Department, MediGence. She has also been featured on many prominent Healthcare portals such as IBTimes, HCIT Expert, Clinician Today.

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