Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer in Poland. The survival rate in Prostate cancer in Poland was low a decade back, however, with the invitation of new technology both for the diagnosis and treatment, the prostate cancer is kept under control resulting in improved survival rate. An important reason for the survival rate is the diagnosis of the disease at an early stage. This was made possible with the widespread use of screening techniques such as PSA in Poland. Not all patients require treatment. Some patients are kept under active surveillance. Proper infrastructure is available in Poland to keep these patients continuously under monitoring. Further, if the patients require treatment, almost all the treatment for prostate cancer are available in the specialized cancer institutes in the country. The treatment option for prostate cancer offered by Poland includes Radical Prostatectomy, Brachytherapy, Radiotherapy, and TURP. Many high-tech and advanced equipment are available in Poland such as Da-Vinci robotic system, and NanoKnife to reduce surgical complication and helps in speedy recovery. Vastly experienced urologists and oncologists with advanced educational and practices degrees are available in Poland to provide the best care and treatment for prostate cancer.
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system, which makes fluid that forms an essential part of the semen. Prostate cancer starts when cells of the prostate glands begin to grow abnormally
Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in men above the age of 60. In most of the cases, it is slow growing and may even go undetected and do not cause any problem. However, in some cases, it could be aggressive and cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body (metastatic prostate cancer)
Prostate cancer is a very slow growing disease and starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells. The prostate cancer risk increases with age and it is rarely observed before the age of 40. That is the main reason why many men die of old age, without ever knowing that they had prostate cancer.
There is no direct prostate cancer causes. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of prostate cancer, including the following:
Usually, prostate cancer means the cancer of prostate gland cells called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Almost all the prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, but there are some other types of prostate cancer as well, including the following:
Based on how abnormal the patterns of cancer cells look, prostate cancers are classified as:
There are no warning signs of prostate cancer. The symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer usually appear first in the region that the cancer cells have invaded.
After cancer causes the prostate gland to swell, the following signs of prostate cancer may be experienced:
In prostate cancer stages, the following symptoms may also be there:
Treatment for prostate cancer can be divided into early stage and advanced stage. Your doctor will choose the best suitable treatment for you, depending on the stage and classification of prostate cancer, your age, and overall health status. Although, your feelings, expected lifespan, and your opinion will play a major role in choosing the right kind of treatment.
The most common treatment options for prostate cancer include the following:
Watchful waiting or active surveillance
No immediate treatment is carried out, but the patient is followed up at regular intervals to see the progression of the disease. This method is used in elderly patients with short life expectancy and in case of an early disease.
The main type of prostate surgery is called radical prostatectomy. In this, cancerous tissues are removed by a surgical operation. A long cut in the abdomen is needed in this surgery, depending on the extent and stage of cancer.
However, a keyhole surgery for prostate cancer using a laparoscope or robot is also available. These treatments have good success rates but may result in certain long-term side effects such as sexual dysfunction, narrowing of the urethra, and urinary incontinence.
High-intensity beams are used in this treatment to destroy the cancer cells in the prostate. Radiotherapy can be administered via needles implanted into the prostate, under ultrasound guidance or as an external beam. Radiotherapy can be used after surgery if the resection of cancer tissue has not been completed.
There are two types of radiotherapy for prostate cancer:
In this, the radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ that requires treatment. It minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation.
In this, the beams with variable intensity are used. It is an advanced form of conformal radiotherapy. It is usually delivered with the help of a computer-controlled linear accelerator.
Hormone therapy involves the use of medications that suppress testosterone levels. They are used as primary treatment and in advanced cases or Stage 4 prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy is a kind of advance drug treatment in which strong medications are used to kill the cancer cells and prevent it from spreading. It is used when the prostate cancer is not controlled by hormonal treatment. Chemotherapy is selected only for treatment of Stage 4 prostate cancer and when the patient can cope with it.
This treatment uses extremely cold temperatures to freeze and destroy cancer tissues in the prostate. Cryotherapy is the best option for treating recurrent prostate cancer, especially if initial radiation therapy did not kill enough cancer cells. The surgeon inserts an ultra-thin metal probe or needle into the prostate gland, from which a freezing liquid, such as liquid nitrogen or more commonly, argon gas, is infused into the prostate gland.
Some treatments such as radiofrequency and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are used to treat early prostate cancer or when the patient is not fit for a major surgery.
Prostate cancer, in Poland, finds its position at the second spot for causing the greatest number of deaths due to cancer in men. Prostate cancer is generally screened with the PSA test and later on conclusive diagnosis is done through other techniques. Unlike other cancer such as liver or colorectal cancer, prostate cancer does not require immediate treatment. The reason being the slow progression of prostate cancer. Further, various stages of prostate cancer require different treatment options and side effects are associated with all the treatments. The best candidate for prostate cancer treatment in Poland is the patient who either has the advanced stage prostate cancer which is metastasized or there is a rapid progression of prostate cancer. Age of the patient and life expectancy also plays a major role in deciding the ideal candidate for prostate cancer treatment in Poland. Treatment option also varies with stages of prostate cancer. Combination of radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy is used in patients with advanced cancer wherein cancer has spread to other organs. Patients with a very initial stage of prostate cancer with a slow progression are not the ideal candidate for treatment in Poland and are kept under active surveillance.
Cost of prostate cancer treatment in Poland is about 15-20% less as compared to other European countries. Poland comes in the category of countries with affordable prostate cancer treatment. Da-Vinci prostatectomy in Poland costs approximately €12000. The cost of treatment within the hospitals of Poland varies and depends upon surgeons’ experience, type of treatment, city of treatment, hospitals infrastructure, and post-operative care facilities.
The diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer in Poland is of a similar standard followed in various developed countries. The diagnosis of prostate cancer in Poland is done on the stage system suggested by the American Joint Committee on Cancer. In Poland, to analyze the ideal candidate for treatment, a comprehensive diagnosis is done. It includes the PSA test, per rectum examination, transrectal ultrasound examination and biopsy of the prostate tissue. Further, to identify, whether the disease has been metastasized, various imaging techniques such as CT scan, Chest X-ray and Pelvic MRI is done. Highly advanced prostate cancer treatments are available in Poland. Doctors such as Dr. Pawel Salwa has developed their own innovative approaches for effectively treating prostate cancer. Further, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), known for its high success rate with the least complications is also available in Poland. Techniques with high precision such as NanoKnife are also used as a treatment option for a prostate tumor in Poland. Many patients visit Poland for the treatment of prostate cancer due to experienced doctors and better facilities complimented with huge infrastructure and extensively supportive staff.
In the past, due to less prevalence of the diagnostic methods, prostate cancer in Poland was diagnosed at a later stage, leading to a high mortality rate. The survival rate of a prostate cancer patient was less than the average survival rate in Europe. However, the conditions have drastically changed and there is a paradigm shift in the survival rate of patients. The changes in the survival rate are fueled by two important factors. Patients become more aware of the screening and its importance in cases of prostate cancer. The hospitals are now equipped not only with the conventional screening method for prostate such as PSA but also with modern diagnostic techniques such as TRUS-MRI-guided fusion biopsy and PCA3 genetic testing. The second important factor responsible for increasing survival rate is the treatment facility available in Poland. Cutting edge technology such as Da-Vinci robotic surgery, highly advanced NanoKnife and self-developed SMART technology by Dr. Pawel Salwa attracts the patients who are in search of high-class treatment at affordable price.
Following are some of the most sought after and renowned Hospitals in Poland for Prostate Cancer Treatment
a) HIFU CLINIC Prostate Cancer Treatment Centre, Warsaw
b) The Maria Skłodowska Curie Memorial Cancer Centre and Institute of Oncology, Warsaw
c) European Health Center, Otwock
d) The University Hospital in Krakow, Krakow
e) Institute of Cybernetic Surgery Cyberknife, Wieliszew
f) Saint Elizabeth's Hospital, Mokotów Medical Center, Warsaw
Following are some of the top Oncologists in Poland for Prostate Cancer Treatment:
a) Dr. Marek Filipek, HIFU CLINIC Prostate Cancer Treatment Centre, Warsaw
b) Dr. Stefan Thüroff, HIFU CLINIC Prostate Cancer Treatment Centre, Warsaw
c) Dr. Lukasz Nyk, European Health Center, Otwock
d) Dr. Pawel Salwa, Polish Center of Robot Urology at the Medicover Hospital, Warsaw
e) Dr. Iwona Skoneczna, Saint Elizabeth's Hospital, Mokotów Medical Center, Warsaw
Some of the world-class multispecialty hospitals in Poland are:
Highly skilled and trained doctors at these clinics are efficient to handle even the most complicated cases. All kinds of surgeries are offered at these multispecialty hospitals and they follow strict medical protocols. The clinics provide affordable, world-class treatments. They are also equipped with all modern facilities which help take the patient experience to the next level.
The hospitals in Poland receive accreditation from the National Committee for Quality Assurance. The Hospital Accreditation Programme in Poland was launched in 1998 with an aim to improve the quality of healthcare services and patient safety standards. The clinics are bound to follow well-defined procedures in order to receive accreditation. NCQA has a comprehensive framework for evaluating the hospitals and the quality parameters are quality of patient care and adherence to international standards.
Poland has emerged as one of the major medical tourist destinations in the world and has gained popularity among patients who come here mainly from Western Europe. Some of the main important reasons for the popularity of Poland's tourism sector are the superior quality of services, well-trained medical staff, short waiting times for surgeries, and cheap prices of treatments. The world-class hospitals in Poland are backed with modern infrastructure and the doctors are known for their excellence in various procedures. The hospitals in Poland follow strict rules framed by the Polish Ministry of Health to maintain high standards of hygiene and patient care.
To travel to Poland for medical treatment, one must apply for a Schengen visa. A person with a Schengen Visa can stay in Poland for a maximum period of 90 days. Below is the list of essential documents that you will require when applying for a medical visa:
Depending on documents submitted, the Poland embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.
The most sought-after medical treatments available in Poland include:
Cosmetic Surgery is the most preferred surgery in the country and are performed by highly skilled plastic surgeons who have gathered deep expertise by working in various European clinics. Poland has reported the highest sucess rate in IVF in whole Europe. Around 32 percent of IVF are successful per treatment cycle. Some of the reasons for the popularity of these procedures are affordable treatment cost, speedy recovery, use of advanced technology, and highly trained doctors.
Poland has several world-class cities that are most preferred for medical tourism. Most of these cities are connected by airlines. The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in Poland are Warsaw, Gdansk, Krakow, Szczecin and Wroclaw. An efficient public transportation system, affordable accommodation, and a wide range of food options are some of the reasons for the popularity of these cities among medical tourists. Warsaw is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation.
Clinics in Poland offer all modern facilities to patients to ensure that get the treatment in a confortable environment. Some of the facilities available at hospitals in Poland are:
Hospitals in Poland help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care. With patient satisfaction at the core, the clinics leave no stone unturned to fulfill the needs of patients during their hospital stay by offering the best facilities.
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