Bone marrow transplant has emerged as a promising approach for treating various blood cancers and blood disorders. The process may seem emotionally and physically strenuous but it has been life-saving for many patients.
A bone marrow transplant is a procedure in which the diseased or defective bone marrow is replaced by healthy blood-forming stem cells. These stem cells can be obtained from the patient’s body or from that of the donor.
If you are considering undergoing a bone marrow transplant, then you must be wondering how successful the procedure is, we have answered this question below
Evaluating the success rate of a Bone marrow transplant
Patients often worry about their cancer relapsing after a bone marrow transplant. Though the chance of relapse occurs in the case of an autologous bone marrow transplant, in most cases bone marrow transplant has been found to be successful.
The success rate of bone marrow transplants has improved significantly in the past decade because of advancements in the accuracy of genetic matching between the donor and the recipient, antibiotic medicines, and improvements in post-transplant care. The success rate is also influenced by the hospital where you are receiving the bone marrow transplant. Some countries have better infrastructure and hematologists which lead to higher success rates of bone marrow transplants.
In countries like the US, the success rate of a bone marrow transplant is approximately 60-85% for patients who had an allogeneic bone marrow transplant for their non-malignant disease. However, with a related donor, the survival rate was around 70-90%. The survival rate was 36-65% for a matched unrelated donor. The hospital can influence the results of a bone marrow transplant.
Patients receiving bone marrow transplants from Indiaalso have a high survival rate. Recent research has shown that allogeneic transplant has a success rate of 60-62%.
Studies indicate have shown about 30-40% of patients above 60 years were alive and healthy 3 years after the transplant. You can look at top hospitals in India offering a bone marrow transplant to receive the best care.
In countries like Thailand, the 1-year survival rate after a bone marrow transplant is 96%.
Factors contributing to the success of bone marrow transplant
Generally speaking, transplants performed using stem cells from a close relative or members of the family are the most successful. Thus, in most cases, the hematologist will recommend HLA matching to identify the best donor for the bone marrow transplant in your family.
In addition to this, factors like
- Overall health
- Your condition
- Credentials, and qualifications of the doctor
- Hospital where you will receive the treatment
Avail Bone Marrow Transplant Across the World
The success rate of a bone marrow transplant plays an important role in influencing your decision to go through it. Though the procedure has been highly successful in treating various blood cancers, it still poses some risks that you should know about. You should discuss the pros and cons of the procedure and check the credentials of the hospital and doctor to ensure that you have a successful bone marrow transplant.