Ophthalmology is a medical field relating to conditions of the eye. It is a branch of medicine, that deals with physiology, anatomy, surgery, and treatment of the visual pathways of the eyes, including surrounding areas as well as the visual aspects of the brain. Although ophthalmology is a well-defined medical field, there’re sub-specializations that physicians can master. The common sub-specializations are:
- Pediatric ophthalmology: It deals with eye disorders of young children and infants, including strabismus.
- Neuro-ophthalmology: It deals with vision disorders due to nervous system problems, particularly the brain.
- Ophthalmic pathology: It involves the treatment of neoplastic eye conditions (also called surgical pathology and surgical ophthalmology).
- Ocular oncology: A sub-specialization mainly focused on eye cancer and tumors.
Packages Available for Ophthalmology Surgery
Lasik Eye Surgery Package
LASIK eye surgery is a type of laser vision correction, which is performed by creating a flap in the front of the cornea, and then reshaping the cornea under the flap with the help of an Excimer laser, and finally reapplying the flap accurately. LASIK has been refined through more than 20 years of scientific study and improvement in accuracy and safety. Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis or LASIK can be an alternative to contact lenses or glasses. The goal of this surgery is to correct the refractive error in order to improve vision. To determine if you are a suitable candidate for LASIK, an ophthalmologist examines your eyes.
LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure
During LASIK surgery, the patient lies on their back in a reclining chair. They are then given medication to help them relax. After numbing drops are poured in the eye, the doctor will use an instrument to hold your eyelids open. Now, a suction ring is placed on your eye before cutting the corneal flap, which might cause a feeling of some pressure, and vision might dim a little. The eye surgeon will then use a tiny blade or cutting laser in order to cut a small hinged flap from the front of the eye. Folding back the eye flap lets the doctor access the part of the cornea to be effectively reshaped. A programmed laser is used by your eye surgeon to reshape parts of the cornea. With every pulse of the laser beam, a small part of corneal tissue is removed. When reshaping of the cornea is done, the surgeon puts the flap back into its place. The flap generally heals without any stitches. During this surgery, you will be told to focus on a point of light. This helps you keep your eyes fixed while the laser beam reshapes the cornea. You might detect a distinct smell as the laser removes the corneal tissue. If you require LASIK surgery in both eyes, the doctor will generally perform the procedure on the same day.
Who is not allowed for LASIK eye surgery?
Everyone is not a good candidate for LASIK surgery. There are many reasons why LASIK might not be a good option for vision correction for some individuals. Below are some instances when one should not get LASIK:
Those who are below 18 years old.
- Those who are pregnant.
- Individuals taking some prescription drugs
- Whose vision is not stable.
- Who are not in good health?
- People have dry eye syndrome.
- Persons having unrealistic expectations.
Also Read– Cosmetic Surgery Packages and Cost
Right Time for LASIK Eye Surgery
Most surgeons won’t perform LASIK unless you are 18 years of age. After you make the decision to go for laser vision correction, it is important to have an evaluation by a LASIK surgeon. There is no worst or best season to have LASIK. It all depends on your schedule and aim to rid yourself of contacts or glasses. Recovery from LASIK is generally quick and easy. You will not be bed-ridden and dependent on others for care.
Result of Lasik’s eye surgery
In general, an individual has a good chance of achieving 20/25 vision after Lasik eye surgery. More than eight out of 10 people who have LASIK surgery no longer have to use their contact lenses or glasses for most of their activities. This surgery has an overall good track record.The results depend on the refractive error and many other factors. People having mild nearsightedness are likely to have the most success with this surgery. People suffering from a high degree of farsightedness or nearsightedness with astigmatism have less-predictable results.
Is LASIK a permanent surgery?
LASIK surgery is permanent, with some exceptions. There are chances that the correction can regress slightly back to the previous level. It will not go back to the full initial prescription, but there can be a little change. This may be corrected again if required. LASIK surgery makes permanent changes to the corneas. If an individual experiences vision changes after the surgery, they can again undergo correction surgery. Though vision correction after LASIK surgery is long-lasting, the aging process of the eye changes the vision even after having the procedure.
Read Patient Journey– Mr. Adedayo Musa Underwent LASIK and vitrectomy surgery at Saudi German Hospital in Dubai
Recovery Time of Lasik Eye Surgery
The recovery period for LASIK eye surgery usually lasts 6-12 hours, but it may vary from patient to patient, depending on numerous factors. In most cases, patients can see clearly within 24 hours after the vision correction surgery, and in some cases, it may take 2-5 days to recover. Some patients might experience some in their vision and blurred vision and fluctuations for several weeks after LASIK. The day after the procedure, the patient returns to their office to see their LASIK surgeon check their vision, and assess how they are healing. Most patients can return to school or work after this follow-up visit. Although you will quickly notice a significant improvement in your vision, recovering from LASIK is an ongoing process. Full recovery may take 3-6 months for the vision to fully stabilize. During this time, the LASIK surgeon will see you regularly in order to check on your vision.
Risk & Side Effects of Surgery
Below are some risks and side effects of Lasik eye surgery:
- It is common to experience itchy, dry eyes as well as mild pain for a few days after the surgery.
- One may experience difficulty seeing at night and increased light sensitivity for days.
- Comes with a low risk of tearing, abnormal tissue growth, or infection during healing.
- If the surgeon removes excess corneal tissue, you might not achieve clear vision.
- Uneven tissue removal during the surgery can cause astigmatism.
- Results may lessen over time.
- In rare cases, patients might experience vision problems more than before the surgery.
Requirement of Eye Glasses after Surgery
LASIK surgery permanently repairs vision problems, generally eliminating the need for contact lenses or glasses after the procedure. In certain cases, patients will need reading glasses at some point in the future. Depending upon the age and many other vision conditions, glasses might still be required after LASIK, for reading.
LASIK eye surgery cost
The cost of Lasik eye surgery starts from $1000. However, the cost may vary depending on several factors, such as the amount of refractive error, the approach used by a surgeon, the level of correction of visual acuity, the technology used, the experience of the surgeon, the location of the facility, age of the patient, surgery complications, etc.
How Do I Know If I’m a Candidate for Ophthalmology Surgery?
Good candidates for Lasik surgery are 21 years and older. LASIK is usually effective and safe for correcting hyperopia, astigmatism, and myopia. Patients suffering from autoimmune diseases aren’t good candidates for eye surgery. Many autoimmune conditions can cause dry eye syndrome. A dry eye might not heal properly and carries a risk of post-surgery infection. Other conditions such as lupus, glaucoma or cataracts, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis often affect results.
Why should I buy the Ophthalmology (LASIK) Surgery Package
The Ophthalmology(LASIK) Surgery Package comes with a host of benefits. Cost-effectiveness is the main befit, as large discounts are given on these packages, helping you save money. The package offers you several additional benefits and services that help you have a smooth medical journey. Some of the benefits of Ophthalmology(LASIK) Surgery Packages include visa assistance, a city tour for 2, airport transfers, hotel stay, free teleconsultation, cancellation anytime with a complete refund, complementary medicine voucher, priority appointments, 24/7 Patient Care & Assistance, and much more.
Will I get all the necessary details in the Ophthalmology Surgery Package?
You will get all the necessary details in the Ophthalmology Surgery Package. This will include terms and conditions, facilities offered, hospital details, information related to accommodation and food, additional benefits, etc. Nothing will be kept hidden and no misleading information is provided. Service providers make sure that the entire process is kept transparent.
Hospitals registered in the package will treat us the same way as they treat their direct patients.
Hospitals do not discriminate between a person who buys a package and their direct patients. They treat them equally.
What should I do to prepare myself for surgery?
Prior to the procedure, you will be required to stop wearing your contacts. Although LASIK surgery is a procedure that results in minimal downtime, having enough rest after the procedure is mandatory. No matter how used you are to wearing makeup, you will need to refrain from them at least 24 hours before the surgery.
Does Health Insurance cover LASIK Surgery?
Health insurance generally does not cover the cost of laser or refractive eye surgery. However, some health insurance companies offer coverage for Lasik surgery under certain policy terms.
Details of Countries from where I can buy the best Ophthalmology Surgery Packages
Below are some countries where you can buy the best Ophthalmology Surgery Packages. These countries have world-class hospitals and the finest doctors. The hospitals are supported by state of the art infrastructure and offer modern facilities.
Who is an Ophthalmologist?
An ophthalmologist is a doctor who specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of the eye. An ophthalmologist is trained to provide treatment for a variety of eye conditions, which may range from performing eye surgery if necessary to prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses. Besides patient care, ophthalmologists can also be involved in scientific research in order to find causes and cures for vision issues or eye diseases. As medical doctors, Ophthalmologists are licensed to diagnose and treat various kinds of eye problems. They receive a minimum of three years of residency training in treating and diagnosing eye disorders. Ophthalmologists are different from opticians and optometrists. Optometrists practice optometry while opticians have skills to verify and fit eyeglass frames and lenses.
Role of ophthalmic surgeon
Ophthalmic surgeons are trained to perform surgery in order to correct glaucoma, cataracts, and refractive errors. As medical doctors, they are capable of diagnosing medical conditions and diseases that can affect the eyes. Some surgeons even specialize in reconstructive and plastic surgery, but they are typically referred to as oculoplastic surgeons. An ophthalmic surgeon is further specialized, undergoing one year of extra training in a specialty surgical field. Ophthalmic surgeons may choose to specialize in specific sub-fields, such as Retinal diseases, pediatric surgery, corneal diseases, glaucoma surgery, neurology, plastic surgery, cataract and refractive surgery, and reconstructive surgery. Ophthalmic surgeons specialize more in surgery than traditional ophthalmologists do. They will spend most of their days consulting with the patients and doing surgery in the operating room.
When does a patient need to look for an Ophthalmologist?
A visit to an ophthalmologist is required if you have risk factors for eye diseases or are facing any of the symptoms listed below:
- Decreased vision
- Vision floaters, characterized by strings/flashes of light
- Distorted vision
- A vision veil blocking normal eyesight
- Eye injury/pain
- Eye trauma
- Red eyes
- Bulging of eyes
- Double vision
- Misaligned eyes
- Diabetes mellitus
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Excess tearing of the eye
- Eye problems related to thyroid diseases
- Eyelid abnormalities
Read Patient Story– Mr. Ubayd Underwent Cornea Transplant Surgery in Medical Park Florya Hospital, Turkey
Conditions Diagnosed by Ophthalmology Doctor
Common conditions that ophthalmologists diagnose include:
- Amblyopia, in which eyesight doesn’t develop properly in one eye.
- Retinal problems like swelling, retinal detachment, and bleeding.
- Cataracts causing a cloudy patch on the eye lens.
- Glaucoma, in which the optic nerve is damaged.
- Intraocular inflammation occurs within the eye.
- Strabismus, in which the eyes are not aligned.
- Corneal pathology, which affects the cornea.
- Diabetes-related retinopathy.
- Farsightedness (hyperopia).
- Posterior vitreous detachment.
Procedures Performed by Ophthalmologist
Some procedures performed by ophthalmologists are:
- Reconstructive surgery to treat trauma or birth abnormalities
- Chronic tear duct blockages or infections
- Neoplasm (foreign object, tumor, or cyst) removal
- Refractive surgery to repair vision
- Glaucoma surgery
- Cancer treatment
- Cataract surgery
- Corneal transplants
- Retinal Detachment Surgery
- Eye lesion removal
- Eye muscle revision
- Eyelid defect repair
- Iris removal
- Nasolacrimal duct probing
What is eye surgery?
Eye surgery is used for treating a wide variety of conditions, including detached retinas, retinal tears, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and farsightedness or nearsightedness. An eye surgeon is responsible for determining an appropriate surgical procedure for treating an eye problem.
Types of Eye Surgery (include Lasik description properly)
There are several types of eye surgery as mentioned below:
LASIK (laser in-situ keratomileusis): In this type of laser eye surgery, a doctor uses a strong ray of light (laser) in order to alter the shape of the cornea, making vision clearer for adults suffering from farsightedness, astigmatism, or nearsightedness. Photorefractive keratectomy, also known as PRK, might be used as a LASIK alternative for patients having dry eyes and thin corneas.
- Blepharoplasty: Used to repair droopy eyelids, and involves making a small incision to remove the skin as well as muscle to remove and reposition fat.
- Cataract surgery: The doctor generally uses small tools to remove the cloudy lens and then replace it with an artificial lens.
- Corneal transplant: The doctor will use a special tool to keep the eye open when removing the damaged part of the cornea and then replacing it with healthy donor tissues.
- Glaucoma surgeries: The doctor inserts a small tube into the white of your eye to extra fluid drain from the eye, lowering eye pressure.
- Retina surgeries: There are various procedures to repair a damaged and detached retina.
- Eye muscle surgery: Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes don’t move together as a pair; one eye might drift in, out, up, or down.
Is Ophthalmology Surgery Risky?
Like any other surgery, ophthalmology surgery may carry some risks. For some individuals, eye surgery may raise the pressure in the eyes. It is called ocular hypertension, which can damage vision. The doctor may suggest you treat it with shots, pills, or eye drops. Bleeding, swelling, and leftover lens fragments could lead to greater pressure in the eye. The side effects fade away with time.