Infertility is a condition in which a couple can’t get pregnant despite having carefully timed, unprotected sex for one year. Before suggesting surgery, doctors recommend a few lifestyle changes to improve the chances of getting pregnant. In some infertile couples, no specific causes are found.
Fertility for men depends on testicles to produce enough healthy sperm, and that the sperm is ejaculated effectively into the vagina and travels to the egg. Viable tests for men are Semen analysis, Hormone testing, Genetic testing, Testicular biopsy, Imaging. In certain cases, imaging studies such as a brain MRI, transrectal or scrotal ultrasound or vasography might be performed. Sometimes semen specimen for DNA abnormalities is evaluated too. Fertility for women relies on the ovaries releasing healthy eggs. Viable tests for women include Ovulation testing, Hysterosalpingography, Ovarian reserve testing, other hormone testing, and Imaging tests. Pelvic ultrasound is used to look for uterine or ovarian disease. Very often sonohysterogram is used to see details inside the uterus that are not seen on a regular ultrasound. Depending on the gravity of the situation, rarely Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy could be done.
Treatment for men includes Changing lifestyle factors, Medications, Surgery, and Sperm retrieval. One or two therapies could improve the chances of fertility in women. Other treatments for women are Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs, Intrauterine insemination and Surgery to restore fertility. Other assisted reproductive technologies are IVF process, In vitro fertilization, Intracytoplasmic sperm injection and Assisted reproductive technology. Infertility treatments might have few complications like Multiple pregnancies, gestational diabetes, prematurely born baby, risk of health and developmental problems. Fertility medications to induce ovulation can cause OHSS. It could lead to rapid weight gain and shortness of breath and bleeding or infection.
The treatment of infertility in the United Arab Emirates costs about 16,000 USD which is lesser if compared to some other famous medical tourism destinations.
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