An ophthalmologist, is a doctor specialized in medical and surgical care of the eyes and vision. They are licensed doctors with complete training and education to practice medicine and surgery for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of medical conditions related to the eyes.
They provide total eye care encompassing eye and vision care services, eye examination, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of eye disease, surgical care and management of complications from other associated conditions such as diabetes.
When should you consider visiting an Ophthalmologist?
You should consider visiting an Ophthalmologist in the following cases:
- Experiencing chronic or severe vision symptoms or signs of eye conditions eg. bulging eyes.
- Reduced, distorted, blocked or double vision.
- Excessive tearing.
- Abnormalities in the eyelids or other related problems.
- Seeing halos or colored circles around lights.
- Misaligned eyes.
- Black specks or strings called floaters in the line of view.
- Seeing flashes of light.
- Unexplained redness in the eye.
- Sudden changes or loss of the peripheral vision.
- Sudden or severe eye pain.
- Eye injury.
- If you have conditions or factors that can increase the risk of eye conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, a family history of eye conditions, HIV, thyroid conditions (eg. Grave’s disease).
Procedures commonly performed by an Ophthalmologist commonly include:
- Diagnosis and monitoring of moderate-to-severe eye conditions.
- Cataract surgery
- Glaucoma surgery
- Refractive surgery to correct vision
- Eye cancer treatment
- Repairing torn or detached retinas
- Corneal transplants
- Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery
- Macular Degeneration Surgery
- Eyelid Surgery – Blepharoplasty
- Reconstructive surgery to repair trauma or birth abnormalities, such as crossed eyes, chronic or severe tear duct infections or blockages.
- Neoplasm removal (tumor, cyst, or foreign object).
- Consultation on cases relating to other conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy or immune conditions.
- Injections around the eyes and face to alter facial structure, function and/or appearance.