Oncology is the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer.
Your doctor might refer you to visit an oncologist in a number of circumstances such as:
If you are undergoing a medical procedure of any kind and your the consulting physician notices a tumor or abnormal growth for which he needs a second opinion
Since most offices aren't equipped to diagnose a tumor is cancerous, you may be referred to an oncologist instead. People are often referred to an oncologist when:
Below is the cost comparison of a few of the cancer treatments:
|Country of Treatment||Lung Cancer Treatment (Cost in USD)||Prostate Cancer Treatment (Cost in USD)||Breast Cancer Treatment (Cost in USD)|
The cost of cancer treatment depends on a number of factors. Type of cancer and its location in the body, its severity, the stage at which cancer is, and most importantly the procedure approach being adopted. In the majority of cases, cancer cannot be treated with a single treatment approach. The treatment regimen consists of multiple approaches depending on the response to a particular therapy. This is accompanied by a series of diagnostic tests to be done on a regular basis and the utmost care required by the patient.
The cost per session for chemotherapy starts from US$ 1,020 and for Radiotherapy, it is US$ 1,090. Stereotaxic Radiotherapy package is offered by Quirónsalud Hospital Group at US$ 15,300. Many hospitals, in addition, offer a comprehensive package of all the diagnostic tests to be done before the beginning of realistic treatment. The package starts from US$ 6,100 that includes complete body CT scan, MRI, blood tests, pathological anatomy, and PET CT.
Three most crucial factors decide the cost of the treatment: Type of cancer and its severity, treatment approach, and duration of the treatment. Apart from these critical factors, there are several other factors like medication costs, diagnostic tests, hospital charges, and doctor’s consultation and follow up fees may incur an ancillary cost to the patient.
The use of the most recent technology remains another factor affecting the general cost structure of the treatment. Other complications arising during or post-surgery are not included in total package cost, the patient has to resolve it separately.
Following are the different types of cancer treatment offered in Spain
Chemotherapy: A systemic treatment where drugs are administered intravenously or given orally to kill cancer cells
Hormonal Therapy: Certain cancers (breast and prostate) are encouraged by hormones. This therapy act by adding, removing and/or blocking body hormones that stop/restricts the growth of cancer cells
Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): Advanced radiation therapy for reducing the damage to active cells and tissues by the use of the high precision technique
Radiotherapy: Use of ionizing radiations to kill the cancer cells
Targeted Therapy: This therapy acts by blocking/interfering some molecules required by the cancer cells for their growth
Brachytherapy: Equally known as radioactive seeds, where radiation therapy is used to kill the cancer cells. It differs from radiotherapy, as radioactive material is directly placed on the tumor in this method
Image-Guided Radiosurgery: Procedure that helps achieve pinpoint accuracy to treat cancer tumors, surgical instruments are used with preoperative or intraoperative images by surgeons
Image-Guided Radiotherapy (IGRT): Imaging techniques are demonstrated during the radiation treatment, that directs radiation therapy to utilize imaging coordinates
Photodynamic Therapy: This therapy involves the use of a drug (photosensitizing agent) and a distinct kind of light. During this therapy, a particular wavelength of light is incident on the drug, whereby the photosensitizing agent gets activated and oxygen is produced. This helps in eliminating the cancer cells. The wavelength determines the distance traveled by light in the body. Different wavelengths are used to treat distinct parts of the body
Stem Cell Cancer Treatment: Stem cells are early blood cells that develop into RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets. Stem cell transplant stimulate bone marrow growth and suppress the disease
Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy: Introduced in 2007, this method delivers treatment with accuracy and speed. High dose distributions with accurate target volume are achieved with this novel radiation technique
Gene Therapy: Utilising genes to treat cancer. Abnormal or the absent gene is replaced with the healthy one so that useful proteins are produced.
Proton Therapy: Proton beams are irradiated on the cancer tissue to treat the cancer
Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT): This method is also termed as Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR). Excessive dose of radiation consisting of several beams and of different intensities is aimed at various angles of the body to target the tumor
Best clinics in Spain for Cancer Treatment are:
Quironsalud Spanish Medical Care: A leading hospital group in Spain has become the most enormous group in entire Europe post its merger with German company Fresenius-Helios. The group possesses a history of more than 60 years in delivering quality healthcare.
50 hospitals with more than 40,000 healthcare professionals, the facilities are equipped to provide innovative treatments. The group caters all kinds of cancer patients and uses recent and most advanced therapeutic approaches to treat several cancers. The facility in Madrid is JCI accredited.
Hospital Ruber Internacional: Leading healthcare provider of the country, the hospital is recognized for its state-of-the-art technology. The hospital provides multiple cancer treatments by incorporating recent technological and therapeutic advancements in the treatment regimen.
Sanitas Hospitales: Firm belief in innovation, implementation of recent technologies, and advanced infrastructures at their hospitals, the group has provided healthcare to more than 2 million lives. Hospital Sanitas La Zarzuela and Hospital Sanitas La Moraleja are 2 facilities in Madrid and both are JCI accredited.
HM Hospitales: Established in 1990, the hospital is specialized in providing a bewildering variety of treatments, especially cancer. The oncology unit is run by a multidisciplinary team possessing global recognition and is expert in providing a broad range of treatments varying in complexity.
The hospital supports clinical trial collaboration with the START center for cancer care and their comprehensive oncology center is first in Madrid and second in Spain.
Centro Médico Quironsalud Teknon: One of the very few hospitals to have JCI accreditation and Generalitat of Catalonia (European Foundation for Quality Management) recognition together. The hospital is one of the largest privately held hospital and is specialized in prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of several cancers using most advanced treatments.
Following are some of the best oncologists in Spain for cancer treatment:
Dr. Emilio Alba: Currently heading the Xanit Oncology Unit at Vithas Xanit International Hospital, he is skilled in breast cancers and testicular germ cell tumors.
He is a prestigious member of the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO), European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), and several other organizations which enjoy global recognitions.
Dr. Javier Calleja Kempin: With fellowships from the University of Chicago in (Liver Transplant Unit and GI Surgery) and (Thoracic Surgery Department and General Surgery), he is skilled in cancer surgery of digestive system. He is currently working as Head of General and Digestive Surgery at Quirónsalud Madrid University Hospital.
Dr. José Manuel Rodríguez Luna: Heading the Urology division at Quirónsalud Madrid University Hospital, he has significant expertise in Laparoscopy surgery, cancer surgery and microsurgery techniques.
Dr. Ricardo Sáinz De La Cuesta: Honoured as ‘Clinical fellow’ by John Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland in Gynaecological Oncology. Dr. Ricardo is currently heading to the Obstetrics and Gynaecology department at Quirónsalud Madrid University Hospital.
Dr. Ramón Pérez Carrión: One of the most senior Medical Oncology & Radiotherapy Oncology specialists, he maintains 45+ years of experience in the field. He is currently serving as Head of the Oncology Integral Unit Department at Quirónsalud Madrid University Hospital, Madrid.
The survival rate in cancer treatment is crucially affected by the type of cancer and the stage at which cancer is diagnosed. Apart from these two crucial factors, age, general health of the patient, gender, and race (in some cancers) also play a role.
For instance, Breast Cancer when diagnosed at stage I, has 98.8% to 100% 5 years survival rates. If the cancer is diagnosed at stage II, the survival rate is dropped down to 93%. The best part is that the survival rate with respect to Breast Cancer has been consistently increasing (reported by American Cancer Society).
For small cell lung cancer, the early-stage diagnosis has led to a rise in surviving count and rate. Diagnosis at stage I have a survival rate of 31%, and at stage II it is 19%.
In the case of prostate cancer, 80% chances are that cancer might spread to bones (hip, spine, and pelvis bones) and still be termed as prostate cancer. Post their relocation, the growth is resumed and new tumors are formed. At stage I, without bone metastasis, the five years survival rate is 56% and at stage II with bone metastasis, it is merely 3%.
The hospitals in Spain shorten the time lapse between the diagnosis and treatment. The hospitals have integrated fundamental and applied research and have rapidly paced the efforts to transfer clinical knowledge to practice. Most innovative technology and exceptionally skilled healthcare workforce in Spain have uplifted the 5-year survival rates for the majority of the cancers.
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