Overview of ENT (Otolaryngology)
Otolaryngology is a medical specialty that focuses on the ears, nose, and throat, also known to be otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. The otolaryngologist offers a range of ENT Nose Surgery Packages, as they are trained specialists in ENT surgeries.
An Otolaryngologist is also called an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor. Otolaryngologists differ from other physicians as they are qualified to do many types of surgery on the complex and delicate tissues of the neck and head.
When to visit an ENT Specialist?
A person needs to see an ENT doctor if they have an injury to their ears, nose, or throat, or experience symptoms, such as balance problems, hearing impairment, ear infection, swimmer’s ear, tonsil or adenoid infection, tinnitus, pain in the ears, nose, or throat, sinus problem, deviated septum, etc. ENT consultants can diagnose and treat a very wide range of different problems affecting the ears, balance, nose, throat, neck, and head. ENT specialists will also be able to help even if your family doctor is not able to find out what is wrong.
Does Every Hospital Have a Facility for Ear Nose and Throat Doctors?
Most hospitals have a separate ENT department, which has ENT specialists and diagnostic labs and offers ENT-related services. Some small-scale hospitals may not have an ENT department. The ENT department provides comprehensive care not only related to the Ear, Throat, and Nose but also related to other areas of the Neck and Head region.
Things to know about ENT or Otolaryngology Surgery
Otolaryngology or ENT surgery usually focuses on the surgical treatment of conditions of the ears, nose, and throat. This kind of surgery is performed by a trained otolaryngologist, who specializes in treating patients with diseases and disorders of the throat, ears, nose, and other structures of the face and neck. ENT surgery helps fix injuries and defects in these areas, which cause issues, such as frequent infections, pain, and breathing problems. For example, some people have ENT surgery in order to treat ear infections that reoccur frequently. ENT surgery might also be necessary in order to remove tumors. Based on the procedure, the surgery might be performed at an outpatient facility, doctor’s office, or hospital.
Doctors Handling ENT Surgeries
If you have a health problem with your neck or head, your family doctor might recommend seeing an otolaryngologist, who treats issues in your nose, ears, or throat and related areas in the head and neck. A trained otolaryngologist can do ENT surgeries to treat many different medical conditions, such as hearing loss, ear infection, sinusitis, tonsillitis, snoring or obstructive sleep apnea, etc. Otolaryngologists differ from several physicians in that they are trained and qualified to perform many types of surgeries on the head and neck. Some of the most common surgical ENT procedures are tympanoplasty, myringoplasty, septoplasty, rhinoplasty, and tonsillectomy.
What Preparation shall I do before my ENT Surgery?
Generally, you must not drink or eat anything 6 hours prior to your planned surgery. In case you are booked for a morning operation, you need to fast from midnight. You might take any regular medication at their usual time on the day of surgery. Most medications may be taken right up to the day of the operation. But, any medications that might increase bleeding should be strictly avoided. Patients should not work, drive or use any machinery for at least 48 hours after anesthesia. Avoid any heavy meals, such as fatty or fried foods and meat about 8 hours before your procedure. Always inform the surgery team if you are taking any chronic pain, blood-thinning, or diabetes medications.
Types of ENT Surgeries
Based on the part where surgery is performed, there are various types of ENT surgeries such as:
- Tympanoplasty refers to surgery for drum perforation.
- A tracheostomy is performed when one has breathing problems.
- Septoplasty is a surgery that’s done to straighten a deviated septum.
- Some other common outpatient ENT procedures are maxillary sinus endoscopy, neck lesion removal, tonsil and adenoid removal, turbinate surgery, myringoplasty, and stapedectomy.
ENT Surgery Packages that are Available in Top Hospitals
There are many hospitals where one can find the facilities for ENT Surgeries. Some of the best hospitals providing affordable cost for ENT surgery are-
Septoplasty Surgery Package
Septoplasty Surgery Package cost generally starts from USD 2300 in many countries depending upon the infrastructure & patient condition. This is the most common ENT surgery package that includes the Septoplasty Procedure as it is the usual treatment for correcting a deviated septum of the nose.
What is Septoplasty Surgery
Septoplasty is a surgery that’s done to straighten a deviated septum. The septum is the wall of bone and cartilage that separates the nose into two nostrils. Septoplasty is done by an ENT specialist. It can also be performed by a plastic surgeon or facial plastic surgeon if a rhinoplasty (surgery to alter the shape, size, or symmetry of the nose for aesthetic purposes) is simultaneously performed. A septoplasty may be performed in both adults and children. It is a one- to three-hour surgery done in a hospital or an outpatient surgical center. With most septoplasties, an incision is made within the nose. In more complex cases, a small incision is made across the columella (a small mass of tissue that separates the nostrils). This technique is called an open procedure.
About Deviated Nasal Septum & How is it Diagnosed?
A deviated septum occurs when the wall (or nasal septum) between the nasal passages is displaced at one side. In many cases, the nasal septum is deviated, which makes one nasal passage smaller. When the deviated septum is severe, it could block one side of the nose and cut airflow, leading to difficulty breathing. The exposure of the deviated septum to the drying effect of airflow via the nose can sometimes lead to bruising or bleeding in some cases. To examine the inside of the nose, an ENT specialist will use a bright light and a specialized instrument to open the nostrils. Sometimes, the specialist will check back in your nose using a long tube-shaped scope. The doctor may also examine your nasal tissues.
Other Causes for Deviated Nasal Septum
A deviated septum can be caused by several reasons. It can be present right from the birth of a person. In certain cases, a deviated septum results while the fetus develops in the womb and the condition becomes apparent at birth. A deviated septum can be caused due to an injury that makes the nasal septum move out of position. In infants, such injuries may happen during childbirth. In adults and children, a wide range of accidents might lead to a nose injury as well as a deviated septum. Trauma to the nose occurs during contact sports and rough play like wrestling, or automobile accidents.
When Do We Require Deviated Septum Surgery?
A deviated septum can often cause breathing issues and other symptoms, and in certain cases, surgery might be recommended. In many cases, a deviated septum makes one nasal passage smaller compared to the other. Medications such as decongestants, antihistamines, and nasal sprays may provide relief from the symptoms of nasal congestion by contracting the surrounding soft tissue structures. When medicine doesn’t work, a surgical procedure known as a septoplasty might be required to correct a deviated septum to get relief from the symptoms. Also, the surrounding structures also need to be altered to get a balanced nasal airway between the two sides.
Can We Try any Other Way for Deviated Septum Repair?
Septoplasty is the most common procedure to correct a deviated septum. Surgery is the most effective treatment option for a deviated septum. But, there are simpler ways of fixing the problem. Obstruction in the nasal cavity because of a deviated septum may get worse by infections or allergies. So, it is important to treat the allergy or infection to improve airflow. Nasal steroids are an effective treatment option for allergic reactions. Nasal strips help to lift the sides of your nose away from the septum. Nasal dilators open the nasal passages and decrease the obstruction to the air coming inside. Breathing Retraining Therapy is a natural therapy, which can relieve symptoms caused by a deviated septum.
Difference Between Septoplasty and Rhinoplasty
There are two main categories of nasal surgical procedures: septoplasty and rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty aims at changing the outward appearance of your nose, while septoplasty treats internal abnormalities. Rhinoplasty is done generally for cosmetic reasons. As the nose is a complex facial feature and it is unique to each person, rhinoplasty depends on your nasal structure as well as its relationship to other facial features. Rhinoplasty can be done to change the symmetry, shape, or size of your nose, but septoplasty is used for repairing a deviated septum inside the nose.
The Risk Associated with Deviated Nasal Septum Surgery
Despite septoplasty being a very low-risk procedure, people must be aware of the complications associated with the procedure. Minor bleeding is common in nasal surgery. In rare cases, a packed red blood cell transfusion is necessary, but the doctor will only recommend this in an emergency. As the nose is not a sterile environment, certain infections may occur after a septoplasty. Toxic shock syndrome is a very rare infection that needs immediate treatment. A small hole may sometimes develop in the nasal septum during the surgery. Septoplasty may cause an injury to the nerves that lead to the front teeth, upper jaw, and gums. A spinal fluid leak is extremely rare, whereas a septoplasty may injure the brain and then cause leakage of the fluid that nourishes the spinal cord and brain, increasing a further risk for infection.
Time Required for the Surgery to fix a Deviated Septum
A septoplasty takes around 30-90 minutes, depending on the age of the patient and the complexity of the condition. The patient will be under local or general anesthesia, depending on what the patient and the doctor decide is best for you.
Recovery Time for Deviated Nasal Septum Surgery
The patient can experience tenderness or pain on the front of the nose due to some swelling and nasal drainage of blood. Swelling from the surgery might last two to three days. Drainage may continue for 2-5 days. Generally, over-the-counter drugs will relieve pain, although the doctor might suggest a pain reliever. The doctor may also ask the patient to use saline sprays to clear nasal congestion. But, if the packing is in the nose, then the patient should breathe through the mouth until the congestion is removed. It might take up to 3 months for the nose to have maximum clearness after the surgery.
Will My Nose Look Different After Septoplasty?
Patients having splints placed inside the nose after septoplasty might find that their nose appears slightly wider after the surgery. However, this isn’t a permanent change in the appearance of your nose as the shape of the nose will be restored after the splints are removed. In cases where the septum slightly deviates inside the nose without any external deviation, a septoplasty doesn’t change the nose shape. But, depending on the exact location of the deviated septum, a septoplasty might be combined with a rhinoplasty in order to get the best cosmetic and breathing results.
Septoplasty Cost (Deviated Septum Surgery Cost)
Septoplasty cost starts from $2300 The cost of septoplasty varies from one city to another, depending upon the availability of required medical facilities in the city. Some factors that affect the cost of septoplasty include the consultation fee of the doctor, cost of diagnostic tests, prices of post-surgery medicines, surgery fees, duration of hospital stay, insurance coverage, post-surgery consultations, etc.
If I buy the Septoplasty Package, will I be provided with the best-deviated septum surgeon?
The septoplasty package includes surgeon fees and nursing care. For a septoplasty package you choose, you will be allowed to access the details of the treating ENT Surgeon, associated with that particular package. The package includes some of the world’s best-deviated septum surgeons who are highly experienced and skilled in their field. You also get the facility of free online consultation with some of these doctors to discuss your case before you leave for a country for treatment.
What Can I Expect from the ENT Surgery Package?
ENT Surgery Package empowers you to have affordable treatment, providing all necessary facilities. You get huge discounts on these packages, which help bring down the surgery cost. You will receive required assistance during your medical journey, such as airport transfers, translator facility, accommodation and food, post-surgery assistance, etc. The package offers you the best hospitals and surgeons as per your budget. MediGence’s ENT Surgery Package offers exclusive services and benefits, such as a city tour for two persons, cancellation of the package anytime with a full refund, free telemedicine consultation, priority appointments, and complimentary stay for two people in a hotel for one night and two days.
Best Time to Purchase the ENT Surgery Package
Buying an ENT Surgery Package at the right time can help you save a lot of money. If your doctor has suggested an ENT surgery, you should look for a package that is affordable and ensures several benefits. You should look for packages that offer huge discounts. Once you have selected a package, you can contact the agency offering the package to share your medical records and test reports. You will be assigned a case manager who will handle your case going forward.
Preparation is Required before I start my Journey for Septoplasty
The doctor must be aware of all medications the patient is taking, including nonprescription drugs, herbs, and supplements. Prior to the surgery, the patient must stop taking drugs like naproxen, aspirin, ibuprofen, and certain herbal supplements, which make it difficult for blood to clot. The doctor must also know if the patient has bleeding problems or allergies. The patient must not drink or eat anything after midnight the night before the surgery if they are going to be under general anesthesia. This helps prevent vomiting and choking if the patient becomes nauseated from anesthesia during the surgery. Bring a friend or family member with you who can drive you home after septoplasty.
After an ENT Surgery do We Need to Undergo any Rehabilitation?
Yes, rehabilitation after an ENT surgery speeds up the recovery process and makes the patient feel confident and better. In ENT, rehabilitation focuses on speech and language therapy to help with speaking. Rehabilitation focuses on improving balance, minimizing the feeling of dizziness, improving the patient’s stability while in motion, increasing coordination, and reducing anxiety.
Countries where I can buy affordable ENT (Septoplasty) Surgery Packages
You can get affordable ENT (Septoplasty) Surgery Packages in India starting at USD 2400. This country has world-class hospitals and highly trained ENT surgeons, the best infrastructure, and affordable accommodation.