Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a disease where the cells in the kidneys grow out of control. So, forming a small mass also called a renal cortical tumor. This tumor could be malignant and benign. A malignant tumor is cancerous and may spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor is also cancerous but it does not spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor is can grow but won’t spread.
Once you are diagnosed with kidney cancer and know the stage of cancer, your doctor and you can plan your treatment. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist such as a urologist, a radiation oncologist, or a surgeon for treatment. There are many types of kidney cancer treatment. However, in most cases, surgery is the first step. Sometimes, even if the surgery removes the entire tumor, your doctor may recommend additional treatments, to kill the remaining cancer cells, if any. Here below are a few types of treatment for kidney cancer.
Kidney cancer can be treated through different methods as given below:
Surgery: Surgery is the first step to treat kidney cancer. This is done to remove a part of the whole kidney.
Biological Therapies: It uses medications, which help stop cancer from growing and spreading.
Ablation Therapies: In this, the tumour cells are completely destroyed by heating or freezing them.
Embolization: This involves cutting off the blood supply to cancer.
Radiotherapy: High-energy radiations are used to kill the cancer cells to relieve the symptoms.
Radiation Therapy: It is given by external beam or internally by using Brachytherapy.
Cancer Surgery: Surgery is the oldest method of cancer treatment. It plays a significant role in staging and supporting cancer treatment.
Curative Surgery: It removes the cancerous tumor from the body. Surgeons often use curative surgery when a cancer tumor is localized to a certain area of the body.
Preventive Surgery: Preventive surgery removes tissue that doesn’t have cancer cells, but might develop into a malignant tumor.
Palliative Surgery: Palliative surgery is often used to treat cancer at its advanced stages. It relieves other problems with cancer.
Chemotherapies: Medical oncologists plan and manage chemotherapies and the side effects through the use of medications.
After your procedure, the treatment team checks with you regularly to monitor your incision and evaluate your comfort level.
Generally, you may resume consuming solid food within 24 to 48 hours of surgery. Most patients can be discharged from the hospital after 1 to 2 nights in the hospital and you may continue your recovery at your own home. Patients with larger tumors might expect to stay in the hospital for 2-4 days. You will likely have a follow-up appointment in 2 to 4 weeks. At this time, the surgeon will suggest when you could return to work.
Because physical activity helps boost your blood circulation and also decreases the risk of clots. You may be encouraged to exercise during your recovery from your kidney cancer surgery.