Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga

   NPISTANBUL Brain Hospital , Istanbul, Turkey

  30 Years of experience

   290 USD for Video Consultation

BIOGRAPHY

Qualification and Experience

Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga is a renowned neurosurgeon with over 30 years of experience in his field of surgery. He obtained his medical education from Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine followed by Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine - Neurosurgery (Brain and Nerve Surgery) Clinic - Specialist Training -1991. After this, he attended George Washington University Faculty of Medicine Chair of Neurosurgery - Skull Base Surgery and Microneurosurgery – 1994. He has also served at the Zurich University Hospital Neurosurgery Chair - Clinic and Microneurosurgery Laboratory – 1989.

Contribution to surgical Science

Dr. Mustafa specializes in Skull Base Surgery, Neuro-oncology (Tumor Surgery), Neurovascular Surgery (Surgery of Brain Vessels: Aneurysm, AVM,…), Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery (Spinal Cord Tumors, Vascular Malformations, Narrow Canal Disease of the Spine and Waist and neck hernias. He has been a part of various researches conducted and published in renowned journals around the globe as well.

Conditions Treated by Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga

A neurosurgeon is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the nervous system, including the brain, peripheral nerves, spinal cord, and spine. Neurosurgeons offer non-operative as well as surgical treatment to patients. Here is a list of some of the conditions Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga treats:

  • Spinal Arthritis
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • High Intracranial Pressure
  • Achondroplasia
  • Congenital Spine Disorders
  • Stroke
  • Brain Infection
  • Vertebral Compression Fractures
  • Vertebral Hemangioma
  • Dementia
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Brain Abscess
  • Csf Obstruction
  • Aneurysm
  • Mixed Gliomas
  • Meningiomas
  • Scoliosis
  • Herniated Disc
  • Arteriovenous Malformation
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Disc Herniation
  • Epilepsy
  • Dystonia
  • Fractured Vertebra
  • Disc Pain
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Disc Bulge
  • Meningioma
  • Paget'S Disease
  • Disc Disease
  • Brain Tumor - Glioblastoma
  • Pituitary Adenoma
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Traumatic Head Injury
  • Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors
  • Disc Dessication
  • Slip Disc
  • Astrocytoma
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Brain Cancers
  • Brain Tumor
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Vertebral Tumors
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Ependymomas
  • Brain Cancers- Astrocytoma
  • Disc Degeneration
  • Tremors
  • Oligodendrogliomas
  • Spinal Tumor
  • Vertebral Osteoporosis
  • Glioma
  • Chronic Depression

Signs and symptoms treated by Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga

Some of the signs and symptoms that neurological disorders can produce are listed below. These symptoms should be discussed with a neurosurgeon for further medical investigation.

  • Bulging and tense fontanelle or soft spot
  • Unusually large head size
  • Headaches, which may be severe and worsen with activity or in the early morning
  • Pain that worsens with movement; loss of movement
  • Prominent scalp veins
  • Pins and needles feeling in your legs, toes or feet
  • Seizures
  • Rapidly increasing head circumference
  • Stiffness in the low back area
  • restricting range of motion
  • Muscle spasms either with activity or at rest
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sleep problems
  • Inability to maintain normal posture due to stiffness and/or pain
  • Fatigue
  • Memory problems
  • Moderate to severe pain in lower back, buttock and down your leg
  • Numbness or weakness in your lower back, buttock, leg or feet
  • Downward deviation of eyes or sunset sign

When the brain is damaged, it affects different things, including memory, sensation, and even an individuals personality. Brain disorders are caused by illness, genetics, and traumatic injury. These disorders can produce different symptoms.

Operating Hours of Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga

Doctor Professor Mustafa Bozbuga is available from 11 am to 5 pm (Monday to Saturday). The doctor is not available on Sunday. Call the doctor or his attendant to confirm his/her availability because the doctor may not be available due to some personal reasons or any emergencies.

Popular Procedures performed by Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga

The popular procedures that Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga performs are listed below:

  • Disc Replacement ( Cervical /Lumber)
  • Craniotomy
  • Scoliosis Surgery
  • Microdiscectomy
  • Laminectomy
  • Brain Cancer Treatment
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Brain Tumour Treatment

One of the eminent neurosurgeons in the world, Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga has specialized in the surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system. The doctor works with a team of highly experienced physicians and can handle even the most complex with quite an ease. The neurosurgeon follows all medical protocols to ensure patient safety.

Past Experience

  • Zurich University Hospital Neurosurgery Chair - Clinic and Microneurosurgery Laboratory, 1989
  • Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Brain and Nerve Surgery Clinic, 2001
  • Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery - Professor, 2008
  • Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Istanbul Head of Neurological Sciences Advanced Diagnosis and Treatment Center, 2015
  • Head of Department of Brain and Nerve Surgery, Medical Park Gaziosmanpasa Hospital, 2018
  • Currently, he is working as the founding Head of the Department of "Brain and Nerve Surgery" at the Uskudar University Faculty of Medicine NPIstanbul Brain Hospital

Qualifications

  • Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine - Neurosurgery (Brain and Nerve Surgery) Clinic - Specialist Training, 1991
  • George Washington University Faculty of Medicine Chair of Neurosurgery - Skull Base Surgery and Microneurosurgery, 1994
  • Osaka City University Faculty of Medicine Neurosurgery Chair - Skull Base Surgery and Microneurosurgery, 1994
  • Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty Anatomy Department - Anatomy Doctorate Education, 2004
Do you know?

You can book a video consultation with Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga on our platform

RESEARCH PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS (5)
  • Unal OF, Hepgul KT, Turantan MI, Bozboga M, Yazıcıoglu E: Extracranial: Carotid Artery Aneurysm in a Child: Misdiagnosed As A Parapharyngeal Abscess (Case Report). The Journal of Otolaryngology.
  • Bozboga M, Unal F, Hepgul K, Izgi N, Turantan MI, Turker K: Fracture of the Occipital Condyle. Spine 17: 1119-1121, 1992.
  • Bozboga M, Canbolat A, Savas A, Turker K: Aneurysm Arising From the Medial Branch of the Superior Cerebellar Artery (Case Report). Acta Neurochir (Wien) 138: 1013-1014, 1996.
  • Bozboga M, Izgi N, Canbolat A: The Effects of Chronic Alpha-tocopherol Administration on Lipid Peroxidation in an Experimental Model of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Neurosurg Rev 21: 36-42, 1998, PubMed PMID: 9584284.
  • Bozbuga M, Izgi N, Polat G, Gurel I: Posterior fossa epidural hematomas: observations on a series of 73 cases. Neurosurg Rev. 1999; 22 (1): 34-40, PubMed PMID: 10348205.
Procedures
Brain Cancer Treatment

 

Brain cancer can interfere with normal brain functions such as speech, movement, thoughts, feelings, memory, vision, and hearing. It is a disease of the brain in which abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the brain tissues. Typically, brain cancer is a developed form of a brain tumour. Primary brain cancer or a brain tumour develops from cells within the brain.

However, all brain tumours are not brain cancer. But one thing to note is that even benign tumour can cause serious problems by increasing intracranial pressure or obstruct vascular structures or cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain.

Different types of cells in the brain such as gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, vestibular schwannomas, and primitive neuroectodermal (medulloblastomas) can become cancerous. Gliomas have several subtypes, which include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.

Types of Brain Cancers

There are two types of brain cancer, including:

  • Primary brain cancers: Primary brain cancers result when cancer cells develop in the tissues of the brain itself. Primary brain cancer cells may travel short distances within the brain but generally would not travel outside of the brain itself.
  • Secondary brain cancers: Secondary brain cancer is called metastatic brain cancer. It occurs when cancer develops elsewhere in the body and spreads to the brain. Primary cancer tissues can spread via direct extension, or through the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream.

Metastatic cancer in the brain is more common than primary brain cancer. They are usually named after the tissue or organ where cancer first develops. Metastatic lung or breast cancer in the brain is the most commonly found brain cancers.

Brain Cancer Causes

The exact brain cancer cause is still unknown. However, its occurrence has been linked to several risk factors, including the following:

  • Exposure to radiation
  • HIV infection
  • Inherited abnormality
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • Exposure to chemical toxins, especially those used in rubber industry and oil refinery

Brain Cancer Symptoms

Some types of brain cancers such as meningeal and pituitary gland may produce few or no symptoms. Some of the brain cancer symptoms typically experienced by patients include:

  • Difficulty walking, seizures, dizziness and vertigo
  • Extreme fatigue and muscle weakness
  • Severe headaches and blurry vision
  • Sleepiness, nausea, and vomiting
  • Reduction in mental alertness, capacity or memory
  • Difficulty in speaking, impaired voice or inability to speak
  • Personality changes and hallucination
  • Weakness on one side of the body and coordination problems
  • Reduced touch sensation
Brain Tumour Treatment

A brain tumor is a cancerous or a non-cancerous growth of cells in the brain. This growth of abnormal cells can take place in any part of the brain or it can happen in any other body party and spread to the brain.

It is a fairly common condition that affects millions of people around the world. An undiagnosed brain tumour can prove fatal and therefore, it is necessary to undergo specific tests and initiate treatment as soon as the diagnosis is confirmed.

The symptoms of a brain tumour can be confused with some other medical condition, especially migraine. Increasingly strong headache and blurred vision are the two most common symptoms of a brain tumour. People with this condition can also experience seizures, confusion, nausea, vertigo, impaired voice, and loss of balance.

Treatment for a brain tumour depends on several factors. The type, size, and the location of a tumour, in addition to the overall health of the patient and his or her age, are some of the considerations made by the doctor while preparing a brain tumour treatment plan.

Different treatment modalities can be used to treat brain tumour patients and surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are among them. Usually, a combination of treatment modalities is used to conduct brain tumour treatment.

Craniotomy

Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.

Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.

Who requires a craniotomy?

In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:

  • To drain out cerebrospinal fluid in case of hydrocephalus by inserting a shunt into the ventricles
  • To treat Parkinson’s disease by inserting a deep brain stimulator (DBS)
  • To insert an intracranial pressure monitor
  • To conduct needle biopsy, where a small sample of abnormal tissue is removed for study
  • For stereotactic hematoma aspiration, in which a blood clot is drained out
  • For insertion of an endoscope to clip aneurysms and for the removal of small tumors

When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery.  In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:

  • The removal or treatment of large brain tumors and aneurysm in the brain
  • Treatment after a skull fracture or major injury like a gunshot
  • The removal of a malignant tumor affecting the bony skull

Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.

Symptoms of brain tumor

  • Different patterns of a headache
  • Headaches get more frequent and acutely painful
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Loss of sensation in the arm or any leg gradually
  • Balance difficulty
  • Speech problems with confusion in simple matters
  • Hearing problems
  • Personality change
  • Sudden seizures and attacks or bouts of pain

Types of Craniotomy

No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.

Disc Replacement ( Cervical /Lumber)

The spinal cord is a linear arrangement of many small bones known as vertebrae. These vertebrae consist of spaces between them known as intervertebral spaces. They are filled with cartilaginous structures that provide a cushioning effect to the vertebrae and support the movement of the spine. These cartilaginous structures are called Intervertebral discs.

Any pathology of the intervertebral discs such as disc herniation (slipping of the disc from between the vertebrae), ruptured disc, or degenerative disc disease may cause severe back pain due to nerve impingement, indicating the need for either partial or total disc replacement. In partial disc replacement surgery, only a portion of the cartilaginous disc is replaced by the artificial disc, while the total disc is replaced in the total disc replacement surgery.

Cervical disc degeneration and disc rupture may cause chronic neck pain radiating towards the arm.  Thoracic disc degeneration may cause chronic upper/ mid back pain while lumbar disc degeneration may cause chronic lower back pain.

 

Conditions that indicate the need for a disc replacement surgery:

  • Discitis (Inflammation of the intervertebral disc)
  • Scoliosis (abnormal spinal curve laterally)
  • Herniated disc in back (slipping of the cartilaginous disc into surrounding tissue)
  • Disc degeneration and disc rupture (infection of the intervertebral disc causing its degeneration.
Kyphoplasty

Kyphoplasty is also known as balloon kyphoplasty. It is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that can repair spinal fractures caused by cancer, osteoporosis, or benign lesions. It is not used for spinal stenosis treatment.

Kyphoplasty procedure is designed to relieve the intense pain caused by vertebral compression fractures, to stabilize the bone or to bring back some or all of the lost vertebral body height due to the compression fracture. Kyphoplasty or balloon kyphoplasty is a superb replacement of the typical conventional therapies such as analgesic use, bed rest, and bracing. It is a quick remedy for severe pain due to vertebral compression. It eliminates the pain almost immediately and the risk of complications during kyphoplasty is low. However, it is not intended for the treatment of arthritis or intervertebral disc disease. Kyphoplasty is different from discectomy, which is conducted in case of a herniated disc. Discectomy completely removes the damaged or herniated disc from the vertebrae of the patient.

Laminectomy and vertebroplasty are two other procedures that follow different techniques for stabilizing fractures. Laminectomy works by removing the lamina to create space, vertebroplasty works by injecting cement into the broken or cracked spine. For the same reason, vertebroplasty cost is different from kyphoplasty cost.

Who is the best candidate for kyphoplasty?

Kyphoplasty is typically suggested in case of:

  • Severe pain that cannot be controlled by pain-relieving medications
  • Severe functional restraints such as inability to walk or stand
  • Fractures resulting in loss of height and alignment
  • Multiple fractures in spine
  • Fractures with radical collapse
  • Fractures located at the thoracolumbar junction
  • Spondylolisthesis, that is, displacement of one vertebra over another
Laminectomy

Laminectomy is also known as decompression surgery. In this surgical procedure, a part of the vertebral bone called lamina is removed to create additional space. The lamina is the back part of the vertebrae that covers the spinal canal. Removing the lamina enlarges the spinal canal and thus, helps relieve pressure on the nerves and the spinal cord. Bony growths, especially in people with spinal arthritis, may put an additional pressure on the spinal cord. It may cause severe back pain and in some severe cases, can even cause paralysis. Narrowing of the space between the vertebrae is also known as spinal stenosis.

Laminectomy surgery, which is a form of spinal stenosis treatment, helps relieve pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves by creating a room between the vertebrae and the cord. When the pressure on the spinal cord in the case of lumbar spinal stenosis is relieved by creating a space between the lumbar vertebrae, the procedure is known as lumbar laminectomy. During a lumbar laminectomy, the surgeon may even remove the ligaments or bone spurs pressing the spinal cord.

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.

Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful.  A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.

 

When is microdiscectomy needed?

Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc.  As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.

Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.

Scoliosis Surgery

Scoliosis is a medical condition, characterized by an abnormal curve of the spine. There are different types of scoliosis, depending on the exact location of the abnormal curve and the age of the patient. The abnormal curvature of the spin is the most common symptom of scoliosis.

The spinal curve looks straight when looking from the front. The normal curved of the spine visualized from the sides are known as kyphosis and lordosis. People with scoliosis develop an additional curve in their spine to five it a C-shaped or an S-shaped appearance.

Scoliosis can affect adults as well as children. However, it is most common in patients aged above 10. Additionally, this condition is more common in girls than boys. A sideways curvature of the lumbar vertebrae is also known as lumbar scoliosis.

The most common test used to diagnosed scoliosis is Adam’s Forward Bend Test. During this test, the doctor asks the suspected patient to bend at the waist with palms touching the floor and knees straight. In this position, any abnormality in the curvature of the spine is clearly visible.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

There are no specific symptoms of scoliosis. The appearance of the abnormal curvature of the spine is most often the first sign of scoliosis. The diagnosis of this condition most commonly takes place during an examination at school and college.

In severe cases of scoliosis, breathing difficulty, chest pain, and shortness of breath may appear. Scoliosis is not usually painful. But it can cause neck pain, back pain, abdominal pain, rib pain, and muscle spasms.

Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion surgery is a type of a spinal procedure used to join two or more bones permanently in the spine and to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called as vertebrae. Spinal fusion surgery is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after diskectomy in the neck. It is required if the patient has an injury or a fracture of the vertebrae. The spine will become weak due to an infection or tumors. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.

Frequently Asked Questions
How many years of experience does Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga have being a neurosurgeon in Turkey?

Dr. Mustafa has over 30 years of experience in his field of surgery.

What are the primary treatments and surgeries does Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga as a neurosurgeon?

Dr. Mustafa specializes in Skull Base Surgery, Neuro-oncology, Neurovascular Surgery, Spine, and Spinal Cord Surgery (Spinal Cord Tumors, Vascular Malformations, Narrow Canal Disease of the Spine and Waist and neck hernias.

Does Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga provide Online Consultation?

Yes, Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga provides online video consultation through MediGence.

How much does it cost to consult online with Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga?

It cost 114 USD to video consult with Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga through MediGence.

What associations is Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga part of?

Dr. Mustafa has been on the board of several medical journals helping them in editing and selecting various research projects to publish.

When do you need to see a neurosurgeon such as Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga?

Whenever a patient is suffering from a neurologic disorder involving the brain and the corresponding nerves, then a neurologist is visited to help diagnose, treat, and cure the disease. Dr. Mustafa helps cure these diseases with surgical intervention as well.

How to connect with Dr. Mustafa Bozbuga for Online Consultation through MediGence?

He can be easily consulted by registering your profile with MediGence and writing down your inquiry. A meeting with the surgeon will be scheduled. Following which the consultation can be done.

What area of specialization does Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga have?
Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga is specialized in Turkey and of the most sought after doctors in Brain and Spine Specialist.
Does Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga offer Telemedicine Consultation through Medigence?
Yes. Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga offers telemedicine via MediGence. Top Brain and Spine Specialist in Turkey like Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga are offering second opinions and video consultations at the click of a button. One can clear all their queries before opting to travel abroad for treatment with the power of Online Doctor Consultation.
What is the process of scheduling a Telemedicine call with Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga?
To avail a Telemedicine call with Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga, the interested candidate should:
  • Search Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga on the MediGence website search bar
  • Click the video icon against his profile
  • Select an appropriate date
  • Register on the website
  • Upload necessary documents
  • Make the payment via secured payment gateway of Paypal
  • Join the video call by clicking the link received over email on decided date and time
How many years of experience does Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga have?
Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga is one of the most sought after specialists in Turkey and has over 30 Years years of experience.
What is the consulting fee of Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga?
The consultation fees of Brain and Spine Specialist in Turkey like Dr. Professor Mustafa Bozbuga starts from USD 290.
FAQ's Related to Neurosurgeon
What does a Neurosurgeon do?

Neurosurgeons provide surgical treatment for the conditions of the brain and spine. They are considered some of the highly experienced and trained specialists in medicine and are involved in consulting with other doctors about various cases. Neurosurgeons treat people with a range of neurological issues, such as lower back pain, brain tumor, carpal tunnel syndrome, and peripheral nervous system disorders. Neurosurgeons work both in private and public hospitals. They also see patients in a clinic or surgery. They work closely with specialists and health professionals as part of a medical team, such as a critical care team or a hospital stroke team.

What are the tests required before and during consultation for Neurosurgeon

Diagnosis tests act as an important tool to find out the condition(s) a patient is suffering from. So, a neurosurgeon will ask you to get a few tests done so that they get to know the cause of the symptoms which further helps in finding the condition the patient is suffering from. Based on the diagnosis, the doctor can start appropriate treatment. A neurological exam or a neuro exam is the evaluation of an individual’s nervous system to know how well it is functioning and find out an underlying condition. A neurological exam may include:

  • Neurological exam
  • Physical Exam
  • Myelogram
  • CT Brain
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • MRI Brain
  • Blood Tests
  • Nerve conduction velocity studies/electromyography
  • Spinal X-ray
  • Spinal MRI

Below are some tests that a neurosurgeon may recommend for the diagnosis of the conditions of the nervous system.:

  1. Cerebral Angiogram
  2. CT Myelogram
  3. CT Scans
  4. Lumbar Puncture
  5. MRI Scans
  6. X-ray Imaging
  7. Electroencephalogram
  8. Electromyogram
  9. Spinal tap CT
When should you go to see a neurosurgeon?

Here are some of the top signs that suggest you should consult a neurosurgeon:

  1. Numbness and pain
  2. Weak grip
  3. Persistent headache/migraine
  4. Impaired movement
  5. Seizures
  6. Balance issues

The nervous system is a complex part of the body, so neurosurgeons perform complicated surgeries. They address the issues of the entire nervous system and offer treatment of every part of the body affected by the nerves. They also help in the diagnosis of symptoms of the nervous system and come up with minimally invasive treatment plans.

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