Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

   NMC Royal Hospital, Khalifa City , Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

  15 Years of experience

BIOGRAPHY

Qualification and Experience

Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam is a reputed oncologist with over 15 years of experience. He is currently working as a surgical oncologist at the NMC Royal Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. After obtaining his MBBS, he went on to get an MS degree in DR MGR Medical College in Chennai, India. After that, he got a DNB degree and an MCH degree as well. He is registered under the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. He was conferred honorary diploma in European Board of Surgery. He specialises in Thyroid, Gastrointestinal and Breast cancer surgeries.

Contribution to Medical Science

Dr Balaji is an examiner for the European Board of Surgery Surgical Oncology division since 2010. He is also a part of various national and international societies. He has published papers on cancer surgery, he has also presented a thesis on GI surgery. He performs a specific thyroid surgery which does not leave a scar. This surgery can only be performed by a few surgeons in Abu Dhabi. He is fluent in English, Hindi, Tamil and Malayalam.

Condition Treated by Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

Some of the conditions surgical oncologist Balaji Balasubramaniam treats are:

  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Meningiomas
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Oral or Mouth Cancer
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Skin Cancer
  • Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors
  • Colorectal or Colon Cancer
  • Ependymomas
  • Brain Cancers- Astrocytoma
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Mixed Gliomas
  • Oligodendrogliomas

Some women require surgery to remove the entire breast through mastectomy. The surgeons remove the breast tissues including nipple and the skin and the tissues that have the chest muscles. You may opt for breast reconstruction after a mastectomy.

Signs and Symptoms treated by Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

There are around 200 different types of cancer and all these can cause different symptoms. The symptoms are often linked to some cancer types. The signs could also be general, including weight loss, fatigue, and unexplained pain. Although there may be different symptoms in different types of cancer, some general symptoms of cancer include:

  • Hoarseness
  • Coughing up blood, even a small amount
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • A new cough that doesn't go away
  • Bone pain

Operating hours of Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam is available for consultation from 11 am to 6 pm (Monday to Saturday). The doctors clinic is closed on Sunday.

Procedures performed by Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

The list of popular procedures that Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam performs for cancer treatment is given below

  • Pancreatic Cancer Treatment
  • Stomach Cancer Treatment
  • Oral cancer Treatment
  • Breast Cancer Treatment

The doctor has performed a large number of successful procedures for cancer treatment, with a high success rate has received worldwide recognition for their patient-centric approach and holistic approach. Patient safety is the top priority for the doctor who follows all medical protocols and provides care of international standards. Minimally invasive surgery and open surgery are two ways of doing cancer surgery. In open surgery, a large incision is made to remove the tumor. In minimally invasive surgery, surgeons make a few small cuts to remove the tumor. The common techniques for minimally invasive surgery are laser surgery, cryosurgery, robotic surgery, laparoscopy, cryosurgery.

Past Experience

  • Currently working at NMC Royal Hospital.
  • Dr. Balaji also works as an examiner for the European Board of Surgery – Surgical Oncology division.

Qualifications

  • MBBS
  • MS General Surgery
  • DNB General Surgery
  • MCh Surgical Oncology
CERTIFICATIONS (1)
  • F.R.C.S from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
RESEARCH PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS (1)
  • Dr. Balaji has submitted numerous papers on Cancer surgery, and was also involved in laryngeal cancer research works and presented a thesis on G.I injury. Besides this, he has attended several international conferences and workshops.
Procedures
Breast Cancer Treatment

The recent advances made in breast cancer treatment have revolutionized the way how women from this rare disorder are diagnosed and suggested a personalized treatment plan. These advances have made it easier for the doctors to arrive at a treatment plan, which is most suitable for the patient as per their individual characteristics and needs.

Different breast cancer treatment options help destruct complex mixture of cancer cells, which are otherwise difficult to treat using conventional breast cancer treatment. The treatment is started by the doctors handling the case as soon as the breast cancer diagnosis is confirmed.

Before the article delves into the different breast cancer treatment options, lets first take a look at how breast cancer develops and what are its symptoms and diagnosis methods.

Breast cancer: What do the statistics say?

Breast cancer primarily affects females aged above 40. However, that does not mean that it does not affect women aged below 40. Breast cancer can also affect males, although rarely.

Breast cancer starts in the cells of either one or both the breasts. It accounts for more than 16 percent of female cancer and contributes to 18.2 percent of all deaths that take place around the world because of cancer.

In the US alone, breast cancer affects more than 232,000 females and 2,200 males each year. It leads to death of more than 39,000 breast cancer patients in a year.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

The symptoms of breast cancer can be easily identified at home through breast self-examination. You should consult your physician on how to conduct this exam at home.

The most common breast cancer symptoms include:

  • Change in the size or shape of the breast
  • Lump in the breast
  • Swelling in armpit
  • Change in colour and shape of the nipples
  • Rash, redness or pitting on the breast skink
  • Pain in the breast or armpits
  • Abnormal discharge from the nipples

In case of more aggressive breast cancer called inflammatory breast cancer, severe redness and itching may be present.

The patients are advised to contact their physician as soon as they notice any of the symptoms of breast cancer. The physician is the best person to diagnose whether it is normal or inflammatory best cancer, and accordingly, suggest treatment for breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Causes

The exact reason that causes breast cancer is unclear, despite the fact that every eighth woman suffers from it. However, there are several factors that have been associated with the development of breast cancer. Some of the breast cancer risk factors include:

  • Prolonged use of birth control pills
  • Obesity
  • Use of hormone replacement therapy
  • High breast density
  • Alcohol addiction
  • No history of pregnancy
  • Pregnancy after 35
  • Exposure to radiation

The risk of breast cancer naturally increases as women age. The risk is also higher in women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, possess BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes or who have had their periods before the age of 12.

Oral cancer Treatment

Oral cancer, commonly referred to as mouth cancer or throat cancer, is an uncontrollable growth of cells in the oral cavity. It refers to cancer that develops in any of the parts that make up the mouth. It can include cancer of the lips, tongue, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, pharynx (throat), hard and soft palate and either of the sinuses. Mouth and oropharyngeal cancer can be life-threatening, but it could be prevented if the cancer is diagnosed early enough.

What Causes Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer is a result of a mutation in the DNA of the cells in the mouth. There are certain identified risk factors for mouth cancer that predisposes a person to oral cancer.

Some of the oral cancer risk factors include:

  • Smoking: Smoking tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, and pipes) contains nitrosamines and other chemicals that are known to cause cancer. People who are exposed to passive smoking also experience a small increase in their risk of oral cancer.  
  • Chewing tobacco: Use of any type of tobacco is one of the main reasons behind oral cancer. Chewing tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarettes. It is a popular habit in parts of Asia and in some immigrant groups in Europe, North America, and Australia. The harmful substances in tobacco and betel can cause oral cancer.
  • Alcohol consumption: Drinking excessive alcohol increases the risk of oral cancer. Using tobacco and alcohol both pose a much greater risk than using either of the substance alone.
  • Poor diet: Lack of vitamins and minerals, such as iron or folic acid in the diet, can lead to a breakdown in the oral mucosa and this can make people more prone to oral cancer. People should eat plenty of proteins, vitamins, and minerals to decrease the risk of oral cancer. Fresh fruits and vegetables contain a lot of antioxidants, vitamins and other substances that help prevent damage to body cells.
  • A family history of disease: There is a slightly higher risk of getting oral cancer in people who have a close relative who once had oral cancer.
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): HPV can contribute to some types of cancers, but it does not mean that people get these cancers like an infection. HPV can be passed on to another individual during a sexual contact, but for a majority of people, the virus is harmless and does not cause any trouble. Only a very small percentage of people with HPV end up developing oral cancer.

Oral Cancer Symptoms

There are some typical signs of mouth cancer that a majority of patients experience. Make sure to visit your doctor or dentist in case you experience any of the following signs of mouth cancer:

  • Pain and discomfort in the mouth: Ongoing pain or discomfort from a long time in the mouth is the one of the most symptoms.
  • Ulcers and sore: Bleeding ulcer or sore, which is not healing for more than two weeks can be a symptom of oral cancer.
  • Unexplained bleeding: Unexplained bleeding in the mouth can be an alarming indication of oral cancer.
  • Numbness and lost sensation: Numbness, loss of feeling or tenderness in any area of the mouth, or neck can be a symptom.
  • White or red patches: Any abnormal looking patches in the mouth or throat could be a sign of cancer or precancerous changes. Although, a fungal infection called thrush can also be the reason for white or red patches.
  • Difficulty in swallowing: You may feel difficulty in chewing and swallowing and feel like your food is sticking in your throat. Feeling difficulty in speaking or moving the jaw and tongue can be one of the most important throat cancer symptoms.
  • Weight loss: Dramatic weight loss without any reason can also be a symptom.
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment

Pancreatic cancer starts from the cells and tissues of the pancreas – a crucial organ that releases enzymes for digestion. It is also responsible for the production of insulin, the crucial hormone that regulates blood sugar in humans.

The pancreas can be affected by both non-cancerous as well as cancerous tumors. The most common type of pancreatic cancer is pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, which starts in the cells that line the ducts responsible for the transport of enzymes from the pancreas to the outside.

Pancreatic cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage – when it has spread to other nearby organs and therefore, the treatment is challenging in such situations. The diagnosis mostly takes place when certain symptoms are observed.

Stomach Cancer Treatment

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. This disease is a result of the growth of cancerous and malignant cells in the inner lining of the stomach.

Stomach cancer does not grow overnight as this disease usually grows slowly over many years. Some pre-cancerous changes take place before true cancer actually develops. But these early changes rarely result in any symptoms and therefore, often go undetected in the early stage when it is most easy to treat it.

Gastric cancer can grow through the wall of the stomach and invade nearby organs. It can easily spread to the lymph vessels and lymph nodes. In an advanced stage, it can travel through the bloodstream and spread or metastasize to organs such as the liver, lungs, and bones. Usually, people diagnosed with stomach cancer have either experienced metastasis already or eventually develop it.

Types of Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer should not be confused with other cancers in the abdomen or esophageal cancer. Some other cancer can also occur in the abdomen, including cancer of the large and small intestine, liver or pancreas. These cancers may have different symptoms, outlook, and options for treatment.

Some of the common types of gastric cancer include:

  • Adenocarcinoma: It is the most common form of stomach cancer and about 90 to 95 percent of stomach cancers are This form of cancer develops from the cells that form the innermost lining (mucosa) of the stomach.
  • Lymphoma: This is a rare form of stomach cancer and only about four percent of stomach cancers are lymphomas. These are cancers of the immune system tissue, sometimes found in the wall of the stomach.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST): It is a rare kind of tumor that starts in very early forms of cells in the wall of the stomach calledinterstitial cells of Cajal. GISTs can be found anywhere in the digestive tract.
  • Carcinoid tumour: It is also a rare form of stomach cancer and about three percent of stomach cancers are carcinoid tumors. Carcinoid tumors start in cells of the stomach that produced hormones.

Some other types of stomach cancers include squamous and small cell carcinoma and leiomyosarcoma. These cancers are very rare.

Stomach Cancer Causes

There is no single, definite cause behind stomach cancer. However, several stomach cancer risk factors have been identified that could potentially lead to the formation to a tumor in the stomach. Some of these stomach cancer causes or risk factors include:

  • Inflammation of the gut called gastritis
  • Infection with common bacteria called Helicobacter pylori
  • Long-lasting anaemia
  • Growth in stomach called polyps
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Excessive consumption of smoked, pickled or salty foods
  • A-type blood group
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection
  • Certain genes (family history of disease)

Stomach Cancer Symptoms

There can be several early stomach cancer symptoms. However, the signs of stomach cancer could be present because of some other underlying condition as well. Unfortunately, this is the main reason why it is difficult to make stomach cancer diagnosis at an early stage.

Some of the early stomach cancer symptoms may include:

  • Heartburn
  • Regular indigestion
  • Slight nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent burping
  • Feeling bloated

But just experiencing indigestion or heartburn after a meal does not really mean that you have cancer. Although, if you experience these symptoms a lot, talk to your doctor, who can decide whether to conduct further tests or not.

As advanced gastric cancer grow, you may experience more serious signs of stomach cancer, including the following:

  • Frequent stomach ache or pain in the sternum
  • Frequent heartburns
  • Vomiting containing blood
  • Dysphagia (swallowing difficulties)
  • Loss of appetite, accompanied by sudden weight loss
  • Blood in stools
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Yellowish eyes or skin

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Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam

Frequently Asked Questions
How many years of experience does Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam have being an oncologist in the United Arab Emirates?

Dr Balaji Balasubraniam has over 15 years of experience in his field.

What are the primary treatments and surgeries does Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam as an oncologist?

He specialises in Thyroid, Gastrointestinal and Breast cancer surgeries, in particular the cancer of these various parts.

Does Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam provide Online Consultation?

Yes, Dr Balasubramaniam provides online consultation through MediGence.

How much does it cost to consult online with Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam?

It costs 160 USD for online consultation with Dr Balasubramaniam.

What associations is Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam part of?

He is registered under the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh as well as many other prestigious societies.

When do you need to see an oncologist such as Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam?

Oncologists are doctors specialised in handling various types of cancers in the body. They have undergone a lot of experience in cancer treatment and are responsible for its adequate management in the body.

How to connect with Dr Balaji Balasubramaniam for Online Consultation through MediGence?

He can be easily consulted by registering your profile with MediGence and writing down your enquiry. A meeting with the surgeon will be scheduled. Following which the consultation can be done.

What area of specialization does Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam have?
Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam is specialized in United Arab Emirates and of the most sought after doctors in Cancer Specialist.
Does Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam offer Telemedicine Consultation through Medigence?
No, this doctor dose not offer telemedicine via MediGence
How many years of experience does Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam have?
Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam is one of the most sought after specialists in United Arab Emirates and has over 15 Years years of experience.
FAQ's Related to Surgical Oncologist
What does a surgical oncologist do?

Surgical oncologists are specialists who have received training in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer through surgery. A surgical oncologist performs procedures like biopsy and surgery to remove cancerous tissues. Surgical oncologists choose to perform surgeries to find out the locations where cancer has spread. While treating cancer, a surgical oncologist might remove cancerous tumors and surrounding healthy tissues, and nearby lymph nodes. The surgical procedures used will vary depending on the aim of the surgery. Surgical oncologists might do minimally invasive procedures or open surgeries.

What are the tests required before and during consultation by a surgical oncologist?

The tests required before and during the consultation by a surgical oncologist include:

  • Imaging Tests
  • Physical Exam
  • Cancer Screening
  • Biopsy
  • Laboratory Tests

A biopsy is a procedure in which a piece of tissue from your body is removed to analyze it in a laboratory. It is an effective way to diagnose cancer.

When should you go to see a surgical oncologist?

You may see a surgical oncologist in case you have abnormal growth or tumor. If your primary doctor suspects cancer, they will refer you to a surgical oncologist for diagnosis. If you have been diagnosed with cancer, a doctor will refer you to surgical oncologists for your cancer treatment. In the below-listed situations, you must seek assistance from a surgical oncologist:

  1. Unusual cancer like head or neck cancer.
  2. Complex cancer can spread to multiple body parts.
  3. Cancer recurrence
  4. Cancer that is difficult to treat
  5. For in-depth evaluation and treatment plan
  6. You want a second opinion about cancer diagnosis
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