Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj

   Sharda Hospital , Greater Noida, India

  18 Years of experience

   48 USD for Video Consultation

BIOGRAPHY

Qualification and Experience

Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj is a neurosurgeon in the Delhi-NCR region with more than 15 years of clinical experience. He is currently the Head of the Department at Sharda Hospital. He was associated with Yatharth hospital, Green city hospital, Naveen hospital, Indo-gulf hospital, and Amrapali hospital. He obtained his MBBS in 2002 from Lala Lajpat Rai Medical College. In the year 2008, from the same college, he completed his MS in General Surgery. Later, in 2012, he did his M.Ch. in Neuro Sciences from King George's Medical University, Lucknow.

Contribution to Medical Science

Dr. Vikas is highly competent in performing various neurological surgeries with the latest and advanced technological instruments. He has gained expertise in performing endoscopic surgeries and have unparalleled skills in managing hydrocephalus condition. Services offered by Dr. Vikas include brain and spine tumor surgery, compound depressed fractures, micro-neurosurgical interventions, brain contusions, spinal instrumentation of cervical, dorsal & lumbar region, acute subdural hematoma, and base of skull repairs. Dr. Bhardwaj had performed more than 1700 craniotomies & 250 spine surgeries. Dr. Bhardwaj is a member of various organizations including the Neurological Society of India, the Trauma Society of India, AO Spine Asia Pacific, and the World Federation of Neurosurgeons.

Conditions Treated by Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj

Neurosurgeons are trained to treat people suffering aneurysms, blocked arteries, trauma to the brain and spine, birth defects, chronic low-back pain, brain and spinal cord cancer, and peripheral nerve problems. Neurosurgeons also do surgeries for carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal surgery, and brain tumor removal surgery. Here is a list of some of the conditions Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj treats:

  • Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors
  • Vertebral Compression Fractures
  • Traumatic Head Injury
  • Mixed Gliomas
  • Disc Degeneration
  • Tremors
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Disc Dessication
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Herniated Disc
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Congenital Spine Disorders
  • Fractured Vertebra
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Brain Infection
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Slip Disc
  • Meningioma
  • Vertebral Hemangioma
  • Brain Cancers
  • Vertebral Tumors
  • Brain Tumor - Glioblastoma
  • High Intracranial Pressure
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Csf Obstruction
  • Glioma
  • Vertebral Osteoporosis
  • Disc Bulge
  • Oligodendrogliomas
  • Pituitary Adenoma
  • Paget'S Disease
  • Brain Cancers- Astrocytoma
  • Arteriovenous Malformation
  • Achondroplasia
  • Astrocytoma
  • Spinal Tumor
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Aneurysm
  • Disc Disease
  • Disc Herniation
  • Disc Pain
  • Spinal Arthritis
  • Epilepsy
  • Brain Abscess
  • Meningiomas
  • Dystonia
  • Brain Tumor
  • Chronic Depression
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Scoliosis
  • Dementia
  • Ependymomas
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Signs and symptoms treated by Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj

In case your body shows any of the below-given symptoms, go and see a neurosurgeon who will help diagnose the underlying conditions. Some conditions may be mild while others may require immediate attention. Proper diagnosis on time can prevent serious conditions.

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pain that worsens with movement; loss of movement
  • Sleep problems
  • Inability to maintain normal posture due to stiffness and/or pain
  • Unusually large head size
  • Pins and needles feeling in your legs, toes or feet
  • Bulging and tense fontanelle or soft spot
  • Seizures
  • Prominent scalp veins
  • Drowsiness
  • Stiffness in the low back area
  • restricting range of motion
  • Rapidly increasing head circumference
  • Numbness or weakness in your lower back, buttock, leg or feet
  • Downward deviation of eyes or sunset sign
  • Fatigue
  • Moderate to severe pain in lower back, buttock and down your leg
  • Headaches, which may be severe and worsen with activity or in the early morning
  • Memory problems
  • Muscle spasms either with activity or at rest

Neurologic symptoms are generally caused by a disorder that affects the nervous system and could vary greatly as the nervous system controls many various body functions. Symptoms can be all forms of pain and can involve muscle function, the special senses, sleep, awareness, and mental function.

Operating Hours of Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj

Doctor Vikas Bhardwaj is available from 11 am to 5 pm (Monday to Saturday). The doctor is not available on Sunday. Sometimes, the doctor may not be available on the working days, so it is always suggested that you confirm the doctors availability before you visit him.

Popular Procedures performed by Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj

With several years of experience and deep knowledge, Dr Vikas Bhardwaj has successfully performed a wide range of surgeries. Some of the popular procedures performed by the specialists include::

  • Brain Tumour Treatment
  • Laminectomy
  • Microdiscectomy
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Craniotomy
  • Disc Replacement ( Cervical /Lumber)
  • Deep Brain Stimulation

One of the eminent neurosurgeons in the world, Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj has specialized in the surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system. The doctor works with a team of highly experienced physicians and can handle even the most complex with quite an ease. The neurosurgeon follows all medical protocols to ensure patient safety.

Past Experience

  • Resident Neurosurgery - L.L.R.M.Medical College, 2005 - 2016
  • Senior Resident Neurosurgery - G.T.B Hospital, 2008 - 2016
  • Senior Resident Neurosurgery - K.G.M.U., 2009 - 2016
  • Consultant Neurosurgeon at Max Multispeciality Hospital, 2012 - 2014

Qualifications

  • MBBS
  • MS
  • MCh ( Neuro)
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MEMBERSHIPS (5)
  • Neurological Society of India
  • Neurosurgical Society of India
  • Trauma Society of India
  • AO Spine Asia Pacific
  • World Federation of Neurosurgeons
RESEARCH PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS (6)
  • Paper Presented in NSI, Bengaluru in 2011
  • Role of DWMRI in Management of Brain Abscess (Paper Publication in the process)
  • The Management of the post. Fossa abscess- excision vs. aspiration (Paper Publication in the process)
  • Published paper in American Journal of Neuroradiology in 2011
  • Apparent diffusion coefficient with higher b values correlates better with viable cell count, quantified from the cavity of brain abscess
  • Paper Presentation (Management of Posterior Fossa Abscess with Burr Hole and Aspiration: A case series) in NSI Conference Delhi, December 2012
Procedures
Brain Tumour Treatment

A brain tumor is a cancerous or a non-cancerous growth of cells in the brain. This growth of abnormal cells can take place in any part of the brain or it can happen in any other body party and spread to the brain.

It is a fairly common condition that affects millions of people around the world. An undiagnosed brain tumour can prove fatal and therefore, it is necessary to undergo specific tests and initiate treatment as soon as the diagnosis is confirmed.

The symptoms of a brain tumour can be confused with some other medical condition, especially migraine. Increasingly strong headache and blurred vision are the two most common symptoms of a brain tumour. People with this condition can also experience seizures, confusion, nausea, vertigo, impaired voice, and loss of balance.

Treatment for a brain tumour depends on several factors. The type, size, and the location of a tumour, in addition to the overall health of the patient and his or her age, are some of the considerations made by the doctor while preparing a brain tumour treatment plan.

Different treatment modalities can be used to treat brain tumour patients and surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are among them. Usually, a combination of treatment modalities is used to conduct brain tumour treatment.

Craniotomy

Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.

Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.

Who requires a craniotomy?

In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:

  • To drain out cerebrospinal fluid in case of hydrocephalus by inserting a shunt into the ventricles
  • To treat Parkinson’s disease by inserting a deep brain stimulator (DBS)
  • To insert an intracranial pressure monitor
  • To conduct needle biopsy, where a small sample of abnormal tissue is removed for study
  • For stereotactic hematoma aspiration, in which a blood clot is drained out
  • For insertion of an endoscope to clip aneurysms and for the removal of small tumors

When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery.  In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:

  • The removal or treatment of large brain tumors and aneurysm in the brain
  • Treatment after a skull fracture or major injury like a gunshot
  • The removal of a malignant tumor affecting the bony skull

Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.

Symptoms of brain tumor

  • Different patterns of a headache
  • Headaches get more frequent and acutely painful
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Loss of sensation in the arm or any leg gradually
  • Balance difficulty
  • Speech problems with confusion in simple matters
  • Hearing problems
  • Personality change
  • Sudden seizures and attacks or bouts of pain

Types of Craniotomy

No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure that involves implantation of electrodes within the specific targeted areas of the brain. It is used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms. Deep brain stimulation procedure can be opted for treating a number of neurological conditions, including Parkinson's disease, Essential tremor, Dystonia, Epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic pain. Deep brain stimulation uses a neurostimulator, commonly referred to as deep brain stimulator,  to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement.

The impulse sent by deep brain stimulator interferes with and blocks the electrical signals that cause tremor and other Parkinson’s disease symptoms. The targeted areas most often include the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus and globus pallidus. Deep brain stimulation procedure has a long history of research. It was first introduced in 1987 and The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved deep brain stimulation treatment for essential tremor and Parkinson's disease in 1997.

What is deep brain stimulation treatment?

Deep brain stimulation treatment is recommended for people who have had Parkinson’s disease for at least four years, are still getting benefited from medications, but have motor complications, such as significant on-off time periods. Brain stimulation therapy works by inactivating the parts of the brain that cause Parkinson's disease symptoms. However, DBS Parkinson does not damage the healthy brain tissue by destroying nerve cells. It blocks electrical signals from targeted areas of the brain.

Deep brain stimulation treatment has proven effective in most of the cases, but it could potentially result in serious complications and side effects. This is the main reason why deep brain stimulation treatment is used only for patients whose symptoms are not appropriately controlled with medications.

Disc Replacement ( Cervical /Lumber)

The spinal cord is a linear arrangement of many small bones known as vertebrae. These vertebrae consist of spaces between them known as intervertebral spaces. They are filled with cartilaginous structures that provide a cushioning effect to the vertebrae and support the movement of the spine. These cartilaginous structures are called Intervertebral discs.

Any pathology of the intervertebral discs such as disc herniation (slipping of the disc from between the vertebrae), ruptured disc, or degenerative disc disease may cause severe back pain due to nerve impingement, indicating the need for either partial or total disc replacement. In partial disc replacement surgery, only a portion of the cartilaginous disc is replaced by the artificial disc, while the total disc is replaced in the total disc replacement surgery.

Cervical disc degeneration and disc rupture may cause chronic neck pain radiating towards the arm.  Thoracic disc degeneration may cause chronic upper/ mid back pain while lumbar disc degeneration may cause chronic lower back pain.

 

Conditions that indicate the need for a disc replacement surgery:

  • Discitis (Inflammation of the intervertebral disc)
  • Scoliosis (abnormal spinal curve laterally)
  • Herniated disc in back (slipping of the cartilaginous disc into surrounding tissue)
  • Disc degeneration and disc rupture (infection of the intervertebral disc causing its degeneration.
Kyphoplasty

Kyphoplasty is also known as balloon kyphoplasty. It is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that can repair spinal fractures caused by cancer, osteoporosis, or benign lesions. It is not used for spinal stenosis treatment.

Kyphoplasty procedure is designed to relieve the intense pain caused by vertebral compression fractures, to stabilize the bone or to bring back some or all of the lost vertebral body height due to the compression fracture. Kyphoplasty or balloon kyphoplasty is a superb replacement of the typical conventional therapies such as analgesic use, bed rest, and bracing. It is a quick remedy for severe pain due to vertebral compression. It eliminates the pain almost immediately and the risk of complications during kyphoplasty is low. However, it is not intended for the treatment of arthritis or intervertebral disc disease. Kyphoplasty is different from discectomy, which is conducted in case of a herniated disc. Discectomy completely removes the damaged or herniated disc from the vertebrae of the patient.

Laminectomy and vertebroplasty are two other procedures that follow different techniques for stabilizing fractures. Laminectomy works by removing the lamina to create space, vertebroplasty works by injecting cement into the broken or cracked spine. For the same reason, vertebroplasty cost is different from kyphoplasty cost.

Who is the best candidate for kyphoplasty?

Kyphoplasty is typically suggested in case of:

  • Severe pain that cannot be controlled by pain-relieving medications
  • Severe functional restraints such as inability to walk or stand
  • Fractures resulting in loss of height and alignment
  • Multiple fractures in spine
  • Fractures with radical collapse
  • Fractures located at the thoracolumbar junction
  • Spondylolisthesis, that is, displacement of one vertebra over another
Laminectomy

Laminectomy is also known as decompression surgery. In this surgical procedure, a part of the vertebral bone called lamina is removed to create additional space. The lamina is the back part of the vertebrae that covers the spinal canal. Removing the lamina enlarges the spinal canal and thus, helps relieve pressure on the nerves and the spinal cord. Bony growths, especially in people with spinal arthritis, may put an additional pressure on the spinal cord. It may cause severe back pain and in some severe cases, can even cause paralysis. Narrowing of the space between the vertebrae is also known as spinal stenosis.

Laminectomy surgery, which is a form of spinal stenosis treatment, helps relieve pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves by creating a room between the vertebrae and the cord. When the pressure on the spinal cord in the case of lumbar spinal stenosis is relieved by creating a space between the lumbar vertebrae, the procedure is known as lumbar laminectomy. During a lumbar laminectomy, the surgeon may even remove the ligaments or bone spurs pressing the spinal cord.

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.

Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful.  A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.

 

When is microdiscectomy needed?

Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc.  As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.

Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.

Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion surgery is a type of a spinal procedure used to join two or more bones permanently in the spine and to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called as vertebrae. Spinal fusion surgery is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after diskectomy in the neck. It is required if the patient has an injury or a fracture of the vertebrae. The spine will become weak due to an infection or tumors. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.

Frequently Asked Questions
What area of specialization does Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj have?
Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj is specialized in India and of the most sought after doctors in Brain and Spine Specialist.
Does Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj offer Telemedicine Consultation through Medigence?
Yes. Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj offers telemedicine via MediGence. Top Brain and Spine Specialist in India like Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj are offering second opinions and video consultations at the click of a button. One can clear all their queries before opting to travel abroad for treatment with the power of Online Doctor Consultation.
What is the process of scheduling a Telemedicine call with Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj?
To avail a Telemedicine call with Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj, the interested candidate should:
  • Search Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj on the MediGence website search bar
  • Click the video icon against his profile
  • Select an appropriate date
  • Register on the website
  • Upload necessary documents
  • Make the payment via secured payment gateway of Paypal
  • Join the video call by clicking the link received over email on decided date and time
How many years of experience does Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj have?
Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj is one of the most sought after specialists in India and has over 18 Years years of experience.
What is the consulting fee of Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj?
The consultation fees of Brain and Spine Specialist in India like Dr. Vikas Bhardwaj starts from USD 48.
FAQ's Related to Neurosurgeon
What does a Neurosurgeon do?

Neurosurgeons, also known as brain surgeons, are doctors who specialize in the surgical treatment of conditions that affect the nervous system, brain, and spine. Neurosurgeons first have the training which makes them eligible to practise as a doctor. After this, they complete specialist training in neurosurgery. Neurosurgeons work both in private and public hospitals. They also see patients in a clinic or surgery. They work closely with specialists and health professionals as part of a medical team, such as a critical care team or a hospital stroke team.

What are the tests required before and during consultation for Neurosurgeon

You have to undergo one or more diagnostic tests before and during a consultation with a neurosurgeon. The result of the tests will help the doctor determine the root cause of the disease and plan the treatment accordingly. A neurological examination may include the following:

  • Spinal X-ray
  • CT Brain
  • MRI Brain
  • Spinal MRI
  • Physical Exam
  • Blood Tests
  • Neurological exam
  • Myelogram
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Nerve conduction velocity studies/electromyography

The below-listed are some of the diagnostic tests recommended by a neurosurgeon to diagnose a condition of the nervous system::

  1. Cerebral Angiogram
  2. CT Myelogram
  3. CT Scans
  4. Lumbar Puncture
  5. MRI Scans
  6. X-ray Imaging
  7. Electroencephalogram
  8. Electromyogram
  9. Spinal tap CT
When should you go to see a neurosurgeon?

Here are some of the top signs that suggest you should consult a neurosurgeon:

  1. Numbness and pain
  2. Weak grip
  3. Persistent headache/migraine
  4. Impaired movement
  5. Seizures
  6. Balance issues

Neurosurgeons help in the diagnosis and treatment of the conditions of the nervous system. They are mostly involved in complicated surgery of the brain. They offer surgical treatment for the conditions affecting any part of the body, caused mainly due to nerve issues.

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