Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas

Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas

Brain and Spine Specialist - Neurosurgeon

  , Sivas, Turkey

  25 Years of experience

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas is one of the finest Brain and Spine Specialist in Turkey. He is an experienced Neurosurgeon in the Turkey. The Medical practitioner has been associated with various reputed hospitals in the Turkey. The physician is currently working as a Neurosurgeon, Medicana Sivas, Turkey. The doctor is a well-reputed and sought after medical expert and is

  • Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine / 1977
  • Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Neurology USA / 1981

qualified. Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas has been associated with many hospitals over the course of his illustrious and experienced career.

The hospitals include:

  • Ataturk University 1977
  • Hacettepe University 1977 1982
  • Military Hospital 1982 1983
  • Hacettepe University 1983 1985
  • Cumhuriyet University 1985 2020

Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas has more than 25 Years of clinic experience. The Clinician specializes in and performs the following surgeries:

  • Craniotomy
  • Microdiscectomy
  • Neurology
RESEARCH PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS (6)
  • Prevalence of multiple sclerosis in an urban population of Sivas province in Turkey.
  • Neuroradiologic Findings of Intracranial Hypotension: Two Cases
  • Aortic Dissection Presenting with Transient Paraplegia.
  • Monocyte/high-density lipoprotein ratio predicts the mortality in ischemic stroke patients.
  • The Effect of Eosinopenia on Mortality in Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
  • Management Of Complications And Intensive Care: Guidelines Of Turkish Society Of Cerebrovascular Diseases 2015
Procedures
Craniotomy

Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.

Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.

Who requires a craniotomy?

In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:

  • To drain out cerebrospinal fluid in case of hydrocephalus by inserting a shunt into the ventricles
  • To treat Parkinson’s disease by inserting a deep brain stimulator (DBS)
  • To insert an intracranial pressure monitor
  • To conduct needle biopsy, where a small sample of abnormal tissue is removed for study
  • For stereotactic hematoma aspiration, in which a blood clot is drained out
  • For insertion of an endoscope to clip aneurysms and for the removal of small tumors

When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery.  In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:

  • The removal or treatment of large brain tumors and aneurysm in the brain
  • Treatment after a skull fracture or major injury like a gunshot
  • The removal of a malignant tumor affecting the bony skull

Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.

Symptoms of brain tumor

  • Different patterns of a headache
  • Headaches get more frequent and acutely painful
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Loss of sensation in the arm or any leg gradually
  • Balance difficulty
  • Speech problems with confusion in simple matters
  • Hearing problems
  • Personality change
  • Sudden seizures and attacks or bouts of pain

Types of Craniotomy

No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.

Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful.  A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.

 

When is microdiscectomy needed?

Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc.  As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.

Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.

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Frequently Asked Questions
What area of specialization does Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas have?
Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas is specialized in Turkey and of the most sought after doctors in Brain and Spine Specialist.
Does Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas offer Telemedicine Consultation through Medigence?
No, this doctor dose not offer telemedicine via MediGence
How many years of experience does Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas have?
Dr. Ahmet Suat Topaktas is one of the most sought after specialists in Turkey and has over 25 Years years of experience.
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