Dr. Pramod Kumar is one of the best cardiac surgeon in Delhi -NCR. He has more than 27 years of experience. He had completed his MBBS and MD in medicine. Later on, in 1989, he completed his DM in Cardiology from Delhi University. Currently, he is the Direct and HOD of Cardiology department at Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh New Delhi. Dr. Pramod is extensively experienced in performing various surgeries related to the cardiac and thoracic region. He was previously associated with Jaipur Golden Hospital in Delhi as a head of the Institute of Heart & Vascular Diseases
With rich academic as well as professional knowledge, Dr. Pramod has the credit of performing more than 15,000 coronary angiograms. Moreover, he has also performed more than 7,000 coronary angioplasties, data that provides a glimpse of his illustrious career. He is trained in cardiac surgery at the famous G.B. Pant hospital. He is the pioneer in performing cardiological interventions with hand. His area of expertise includes balloon valvotomies, simple and complex pacemaker implantations, peripheral interventions, and management of structural heart disease. Dr. Pramod has received various honors and awards such as Best Case Award at TCT, San Francisco in 2009, and Best Research Award by Delhi CSI in 2004.
We have outlined here for you the many conditions whose treatment is done by Dr. Pramod Kumar:
Interventional procedures are required for people with structural heart conditions so that they can live a healthy life. With world class equipments and the help of modern technology the doctor can deliver the best treatment to patients. A patient focused approach has driven doctors to find solutions such as these which must be followed with quality post procedural care.
We bring to you the various symptoms and signs in patients having structural or non-coronary cardiovascular conditions:
Chest pain and fatigue are some of the most common symptoms that people with such heart conditions show. It is important for you to monitor your blood pressure regularly and incase it is high for long periods of time then it could be because of a structural issue. Kidneys start getting affected because of structural heart issues and kidney dysfunction could also happen.
Six days a week, 10 am to 7 pm are the operating hours of the doctor. The patient reviews of the doctor make it clear that this is a skillful and efficient interventional cardiologist.`
We bring to you the many popular interventional cardiology procedures done by Dr. Pramod Kumar::
Stent placement, angioplasty and atherectomy are a long sought after solution provided by interventional cardiologists to patients having blocked arteries. Cardiac arrhythmia or when electrical impulses are functioning improperly can be treated with a procedure that inserts defibrillators and pacemakers in the heart.
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Most physicians advise their patients to undergo the angiogram procedure (also known as angiography and arteriogram) when certain symptoms such as a heart attack or chest pain become a source of worry. A stress test is performed on patients who report chest pain, which is then followed by an angiogram test.
Angiography procedure aims at testing the blockages in the coronary arteries apart from any other cardiovascular-related ailments. Angiography and angiogram procedure can both locate narrowing arteries or blockages that may exist in different parts of the body.
Angiography is recommended for patients with coronary heart diseases (CHD), which can cause the heartbeat to stop suddenly and abruptly. The patient may also suffer from severe chest pain. Angiography can also be performed on patients on an emergency basis when they experience a heart attack. If the blockage is not treated immediately, then healthy tissues around the heart start perishing and turn into scar tissue. It can give rise to several long-lasting problems. Angiography may also be required in the case of a patient with aortic stenosis or those who have had an abnormal heart stress test.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common heart diseases reported across the world. It results due to blood clot formation and plaque accumulation in the major blood vessels of the heart.
Balloon angioplasty is the most common endovascular procedure (procedure performed inside the blood vessel) carried out to treat coronary artery disease. In this procedure, the blood clots in the major arteries of the heart are detected and cleared by inserting a catheter into an artery of the hand (radial artery) or leg (femoral artery). This catheter consists of a balloon at its tip, which dislodges the clot to the periphery of the blood vessel after inflation.
Angioplasty may or may not be followed by coronary stent placement, depending on the angiography findings. This procedure is performed in patients with fewer blood clots in the vessels and those who do not respond to medications. It may also be carried out as an emergency procedure to treat a heart attack.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a surgical procedure in which heat generated from medium frequency alternating current is used to ablate a tumour, a part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, or any other dysfunctional areas. The ablation therapy requires local anaesthesia and is done in an outpatient setting.
RFA is a popular treatment for the correction of any abnormality in the electrical system of the heart, which is confirmed during electrophysiology studies (EPS). During this test, the electrophysiology of heart is studied and any abnormalities are noted. The procedure used to correct the identified abnormalities associated with electrophysiology of heart is known as the cardiac ablation procedure.
Pacemaker implantation is a common surgery and it significantly improves the quality of life led by the patient. The blood-pumping organ, heart, is essentially made of a few groups of muscles. These muscles are controlled by electrical signals to ensure that the heart beats naturally and effectively to circulate blood to all parts of the body. When this electrical signal gets disrupted due to some reason, then an individual may experience tachycardia (where hear beats abnormally slow), heart block, arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), or a cardiac arrest (abrupt and sudden stopping of the heartbeat).
The contractions happen as a result of triggered electrical pulses generated by sinoatrial node or the SA node. It acts like a pacemaker of the heart. This electrical pulse is then sent to the atrioventricular node or the AV node for relaying the pulse to the ventricles. Pacemaker implantation is suggested when this electrical signaling network is disrupted.The faulty functioning of the natural pacemaker of the heart may lead to the following:
Sick sinus syndrome: It is characterized by a slow heartbeat (bradycardia) or fast heartbeat (tachycardia) or a combination of both. It can happen due to age, a previous history heart attack, and thyroid problem, too much of potassium accumulation in blood, heart surgery, or sleep apnea.
In this case, the impulse is either delayed or absent.
The heart can stop beating. It may result because of the presence of coronary artery disease and muscle problems in the heart, which can happen after the age of 35.
Some of the symptoms observed in patients requiring pacemaker implantation are:
A pacemaker implant is a small device that weighs around 20 g to 50 g and is the size of a matchbox. It has a pulse generator with a battery, a tiny computer circuit and a few wires called pacing leads. This system is attached to the heart and it emits signals through the wires. The pacing rate or the rate of electrical impulses can be adjusted as per the requirement of the body and be accordingly programmed. It can sense if a heartbeat is missed or if the heart is beating too slow. Accordingly, it starts sending a steady signal to normalize the beating of the heart. If the beats are normal, then it simply does not send any signal.
The interventional cardiologist either performs or prescribes you to get diagnostic and screening tests to find the reasons behind your prevailing heart issue. In addition to this the interventional cardiologists performs a wide variety of procedures to treat your cardiovascular and structural heart conditions. Even in case of emergency heart situations such as a heart attack, you can go to this doctor. Any distress or discomfort which indicates a heart condition must be dealt with immediately by consulting the doctor.
Here is the list of tests required before and during consultation for an Interventional Cardiologist:
The right treatment can be decided by the doctor basis the recommended tests and their results. The health of blood vessels and the heart or any structural defect becomes clear post the results.
A balanced lifestyle including a healthy diet, exercise, not smoking or drinking helps in keeping your heart healthy. Cardiovascular issues or structural defects in your heart can be treated with interventional cardiology techniques. When heart issues are treated with catheter based procedures which do not involve surgery, then such procedures are done by Interventional cardiologists. Also, if your cardiologist feels that lifestyle and dietary changes will not help you they can redirect you to these doctors.