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Anxiety Disorder Treatment: Symptoms, Classification, Diagnosis & Recovery

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a feeling of fear, dread, and uneasiness. It might cause you to sweat, feel restless and tense, and have a rapid heartbeat. It can be a normal reaction to stress. For example, you might feel anxious when faced with a difficult problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision. It can help you to cope. The anxiety may give you a boost of energy or help you focus. But for people with anxiety disorders, the fear is not temporary and can be overwhelming.

What are the causes of Anxiety?

The following are some of the causes of anxiety disorders:

  • Genetics: Symptoms of anxiety can run in families.
  • Brain Chemistry: According to several studies, nonfunctional brain circuits that control emotions and fear may be responsible for anxiety disorders.
  • An Anxious Atmosphere: This is a reference to tense situations you have witnessed or experienced. The death of a loved one, being attacked, or witnessing violence are all life traumas that are frequently associated with anxiety disorders.
  • Drug Abuse or Withdrawal: Some anxiety symptoms may be concealed or reduced with specific medications. Anxiety disorders are frequently associated with alcohol and substance abuse.
  • Medical Conditions: Some heart, lung, and thyroid diseases can exacerbate or induce symptoms that are similar to those of anxiety disorders. When discussing anxiety with your doctor, it's crucial to undergo a thorough physical examination to rule out any medical disorders.

What are the types of Anxiety?

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) usually involves a persistent feeling of anxiety or dread, which can interfere with daily life.

Symptoms of GAD include:

  • Feeling restless, wound-up, or on-edge
  • Being easily fatigued
  • Having difficulty concentrating
  • Being irritable
  • Having headaches, muscle aches, stomachaches, or unexplained pains
  • Difficulty controlling feelings of worry
  • Having sleep problems, such as difficulty falling or staying asleep

2. Panic Disorder

Panic attacks happen frequently and without warning in people with panic disorder. Even when there is no obvious risk or trigger, panic attacks are sudden episodes of great fear, discomfort, or a sense of losing control.

During a panic attack, a person may experience:

  • Pounding or racing heart
  • Sweating
  • Trembling or tingling
  • Chest pain
  • Feelings of impending doom
  • Feelings of being out of control

3. Social Anxiety Disorder

People with a social anxiety disorder may experience:

  • Blushing, sweating, or trembling
  • Pounding or racing heart
  • Stomachaches
  • Rigid body posture or speaking with an overly soft voice
  • Difficulty making eye contact or being around people they don’t know
  • Feelings of self-consciousness or fear that people will judge them negatively

4. Phobia-Related Disorders

People with a phobia:

  • May have an irrational or excessive worry about encountering the feared object or situation
  • Take active steps to avoid the feared object or situation
  • Experience immediate intense anxiety upon encountering the feared object or situation
  • Endure unavoidable objects and situations with intense anxiety

What are the signs and symptoms of ANXIETY?

Anxiety can trigger symptoms like:

  • Excessive fear and worrying
  • Restlessness
  • Agitation
  • Panic
  • Irritability
  • Irrational fear of danger
  • Racing thoughts
  • Shortness of breath or rapid breathing
  • Sleep issues
  • Headache and stomachache
  • Pounding heart
  • Insomnia
  • Trembling
  • Muscle tension

Which are the treatment modalities available for Anxiety?

The purpose of all therapy approaches is to help you understand why you feel the way you do, what your triggers are, and how you may change your reaction to them. Some forms of treatment even impart useful methods for reframing unfavorable thoughts and altering habits.

The therapy corresponds to your unique symptoms and diagnosis because anxiety disorders vary greatly. It can be carried out in a group, family, relationship, or individual situation. Depending on your particular symptoms and diagnosis, your therapist will choose how frequently and for how long you meet. Psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health practitioners use a variety of anxiety therapies.

The type of therapy you receive will also depend on your diagnosis and how severe your symptoms are.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Exposure Therapy
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Art Therapy
  • Psychoanalytic Therapy
  • Interpersonal Therapy

6-Stage Rehabilitation Journey

ASSESSMENT & FORMULATION

  • History and MSE
  • Serial observation Investigations and Scales
  • Risk assessment Working diagnosis
  • Rapport building Assessing disability: Vocational, Educational, Self-care, Social
  • Broad management plan Crisis intervention

STABILIZATION PHASE

  • Continue the observation
  • Rolling with resistance and assessing readiness to change
  • Positive physical health
  • Psychoeducation
  • Group therapy sessions
  • Response to treatment
  • Selecting therapy and its focus
  • Assessing deficits in skills and introducing the same and working on the same

SKILL BUILDING

  • Coping skills
  • Interpersonal effectiveness skills
  • Stress management
  • Anger management
  • Working on the belief system
  • Promoting wellness
  • Positive psychology

FAMILY INTERVENTION

  • Family therapy
  • Marital therapy
  • Resolving IPR issues
  • Building social support
  • Decreasing caregiver burden
  • Modifying or Augmenting treatment
  • Continuing routine and its compliance

COMMUNITY TESTING/ THERAPEUTIC LEAVES

  • Planned outings:
  • Escorted/Unescorted
  • Therapeutic leaves with family
  • Continue skill training
  • Relevant modification of the patient’s environment to develop relevant resources
  • Vocational/Occupational therapy

PRE AND POST-DISCHARGE CARE PLAN

  • Discharge planning
  • Devise post care discharge plan
  • Elaborating role of different persons in post-discharge care: doctor, therapist, family
  • Treatment adherence and drug compliance
  • Sustain symptom remission/ Relapse prevention


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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Which are the highest-rated treatment centers for anxiety in India?

A1. It's time to get in touch with us if your anxiety is causing major problems in your life due to your anxiety state. With our experience and treatment options, you can recover quickly. The best care for anxiety in India is guaranteed by our holistic and 360-degree therapy approach. Our therapeutic approaches keep the problems of our patients under control until they are able to reclaim their healthy mental and physical states.


Q2. What is the average cost of anxiety treatment in India?

A2. Private sector organizations and freelance therapists charge between Rs 800-2,500 per session for each consultation. The patient wouldn't start to experience any improvements until two to three months of constant therapy. 


Q3. What length of stay is required for anxiety treatment in India?

A3. The period of treatment for psychological issues is bound to vary from person to person. Basically, the type and length of the treatment should always be suitably suited to the kind and complexity of the patient's presenting problems. Compared to chronic issues, acute challenges typically require fewer therapy sessions. Additionally, the time of treatment varies depending on the kind of treatment being given; cognitive-behavioral treatments, which concentrate on a particular issue, are typically shorter than psychotherapies with a broader focus.


Q4. How is anxiety diagnosed?

A4. You should first consult your primary care physician to determine whether your worry is related to your physical health. He or she can look for indications of an underlying illness that might require treatment. If your anxiety is extreme, you might need to consult a mental health professional. A psychiatrist is a medical professional who focuses on identifying and treating disorders of the mind. A psychologist and several other mental health specialists are qualified to identify anxiety disorders and offer counseling (psychotherapy).

To assist in the diagnosis of an anxiety disorder, your mental health professional may: