Listed below are some of the conditions that surgical neurologist Arun Goel treats:
The goal of breast cancer surgery is to excise the tumor and a portion of the surrounding tissues while conserving the breast. Breast cancer surgery methods may vary in the amount of breast tissue which is removed with the tumor. This depends on the overall tumor location, how far it has spread, as well as ones personal feelings. The surgeons also remove some lymph nodes under this arm so that these can be removed. This helps your doctor to plan your treatment.
There are around 200 different types of cancer and all these can cause different symptoms. The symptoms are often linked to some cancer types. The signs could also be general, including weight loss, fatigue, and unexplained pain. Although there may be different symptoms in different types of cancer, some general symptoms of cancer include:
The operating hours of Dr Arun Goel is 11 am to 6 pm (Monday to Saturday), The doctor does not see patients on Sunday.
The list of popular procedures that Dr Arun Goel performs for cancer treatment are given below
The doctor has rich experience in performing complex cases with accuracy. The surgeon has performed a large number of procedures with a high success rate and adheres to medical protocols to ensure patient safety and speedy recovery. The specialist is proficient in using the latest techniques to perform the procedures and ensures that the patient has a speedy recovery. There are two types of cancer surgery - minimally invasive surgery and open surgery. In open surgery, a surgical oncologist makes a large incision, to remove the tumor and some of the adjacent healthy tissues. Minimally invasive surgery involves laser surgery, cryosurgery, robotic surgery, laparoscopy, cryosurgery.
You can book a video consultation with Dr. Arun Goel on our platform
Brain cancer can interfere with normal brain functions such as speech, movement, thoughts, feelings, memory, vision, and hearing. It is a disease of the brain in which abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the brain tissues. Typically, brain cancer is a developed form of a brain tumour. Primary brain cancer or a brain tumour develops from cells within the brain.
However, all brain tumours are not brain cancer. But one thing to note is that even benign tumour can cause serious problems by increasing intracranial pressure or obstruct vascular structures or cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain.
Different types of cells in the brain such as gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, vestibular schwannomas, and primitive neuroectodermal (medulloblastomas) can become cancerous. Gliomas have several subtypes, which include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.
There are two types of brain cancer, including:
Metastatic cancer in the brain is more common than primary brain cancer. They are usually named after the tissue or organ where cancer first develops. Metastatic lung or breast cancer in the brain is the most commonly found brain cancers.
The exact brain cancer cause is still unknown. However, its occurrence has been linked to several risk factors, including the following:
Some types of brain cancers such as meningeal and pituitary gland may produce few or no symptoms. Some of the brain cancer symptoms typically experienced by patients include:
The recent advances made in breast cancer treatment have revolutionized the way how women from this rare disorder are diagnosed and suggested a personalized treatment plan. These advances have made it easier for the doctors to arrive at a treatment plan, which is most suitable for the patient as per their individual characteristics and needs.
Different breast cancer treatment options help destruct complex mixture of cancer cells, which are otherwise difficult to treat using conventional breast cancer treatment. The treatment is started by the doctors handling the case as soon as the breast cancer diagnosis is confirmed.
Before the article delves into the different breast cancer treatment options, lets first take a look at how breast cancer develops and what are its symptoms and diagnosis methods.
Breast cancer primarily affects females aged above 40. However, that does not mean that it does not affect women aged below 40. Breast cancer can also affect males, although rarely.
Breast cancer starts in the cells of either one or both the breasts. It accounts for more than 16 percent of female cancer and contributes to 18.2 percent of all deaths that take place around the world because of cancer.
In the US alone, breast cancer affects more than 232,000 females and 2,200 males each year. It leads to death of more than 39,000 breast cancer patients in a year.
The symptoms of breast cancer can be easily identified at home through breast self-examination. You should consult your physician on how to conduct this exam at home.
The most common breast cancer symptoms include:
In case of more aggressive breast cancer called inflammatory breast cancer, severe redness and itching may be present.
The patients are advised to contact their physician as soon as they notice any of the symptoms of breast cancer. The physician is the best person to diagnose whether it is normal or inflammatory best cancer, and accordingly, suggest treatment for breast cancer.
The exact reason that causes breast cancer is unclear, despite the fact that every eighth woman suffers from it. However, there are several factors that have been associated with the development of breast cancer. Some of the breast cancer risk factors include:
The risk of breast cancer naturally increases as women age. The risk is also higher in women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, possess BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes or who have had their periods before the age of 12.
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. It can metastasize and spread to other body parts. Colorectal cancer is dangerous and can be life-threatening. But death rate from colorectal cancer has dropped in the recent years, thanks to advance screening techniques and better colorectal treatment options.
Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer. Colorectal cancer begins as an abnormal growth of cells in the inner lining of the colon or rectum. This abnormal growth is called a polyp.
Some types of polyps can change into cancer over the course of several years. But it does not mean that all polyps have the tendency to become cancerous. The chance of changing a polyp into colorectal cancer depends on the type of polyp that grows.
Colorectal cancer can affect men and women equally. However, studies have proven that men might develop it at a younger age.
There is no definite cause of colorectal cancer, but old age and certain lifestyle factors can increase colorectal cancer risk. Some of these colorectal cancer risk factors include the following:
A majority of colorectal cancers are adenocarcinoma. If you have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, there are 95 percent chances that it is an adenocarcinoma. But there are some other types of colorectal cancer such as carcinoid, gastrointestinal stromal, lymphomas, and sarcomas.
There are no early signs of colorectal cancer, but once it grows, the patients may experience the following colon cancer symptoms:
Mastectomy refers to the partial or complete surgical removal of one or both the breasts. This surgery is most often indicated for breast cancer.
A lump in the breast or armpits is one of the earliest signs of breast cancer. It can cause a change in the shape, size, or color of the breast or nipple. Nipple tenderness, inward folding of the nipple, discharge from the nipple, and orange peel appearance of the skin of the breast are the other signs of breast cancer. Patients who observe any of the above-mentioned signs must see their physician immediately.
Your physician may recommend you to undergo a partial or full mastectomy in the following conditions:
Additionally, if you have a family history of breast cancer or deleterious mutation of BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes, you are advised preventive mastectomy.
Oral cancer, commonly referred to as mouth cancer or throat cancer, is an uncontrollable growth of cells in the oral cavity. It refers to cancer that develops in any of the parts that make up the mouth. It can include cancer of the lips, tongue, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, pharynx (throat), hard and soft palate and either of the sinuses. Mouth and oropharyngeal cancer can be life-threatening, but it could be prevented if the cancer is diagnosed early enough.
Oral cancer is a result of a mutation in the DNA of the cells in the mouth. There are certain identified risk factors for mouth cancer that predisposes a person to oral cancer.
There are some typical signs of mouth cancer that a majority of patients experience. Make sure to visit your doctor or dentist in case you experience any of the following signs of mouth cancer:
Pancreatic cancer starts from the cells and tissues of the pancreas – a crucial organ that releases enzymes for digestion. It is also responsible for the production of insulin, the crucial hormone that regulates blood sugar in humans.
The pancreas can be affected by both non-cancerous as well as cancerous tumors. The most common type of pancreatic cancer is pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, which starts in the cells that line the ducts responsible for the transport of enzymes from the pancreas to the outside.
Pancreatic cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage – when it has spread to other nearby organs and therefore, the treatment is challenging in such situations. The diagnosis mostly takes place when certain symptoms are observed.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. This disease is a result of the growth of cancerous and malignant cells in the inner lining of the stomach.
Stomach cancer does not grow overnight as this disease usually grows slowly over many years. Some pre-cancerous changes take place before true cancer actually develops. But these early changes rarely result in any symptoms and therefore, often go undetected in the early stage when it is most easy to treat it.
Gastric cancer can grow through the wall of the stomach and invade nearby organs. It can easily spread to the lymph vessels and lymph nodes. In an advanced stage, it can travel through the bloodstream and spread or metastasize to organs such as the liver, lungs, and bones. Usually, people diagnosed with stomach cancer have either experienced metastasis already or eventually develop it.
Stomach cancer should not be confused with other cancers in the abdomen or esophageal cancer. Some other cancer can also occur in the abdomen, including cancer of the large and small intestine, liver or pancreas. These cancers may have different symptoms, outlook, and options for treatment.
Some other types of stomach cancers include squamous and small cell carcinoma and leiomyosarcoma. These cancers are very rare.
There is no single, definite cause behind stomach cancer. However, several stomach cancer risk factors have been identified that could potentially lead to the formation to a tumor in the stomach. Some of these stomach cancer causes or risk factors include:
There can be several early stomach cancer symptoms. However, the signs of stomach cancer could be present because of some other underlying condition as well. Unfortunately, this is the main reason why it is difficult to make stomach cancer diagnosis at an early stage.
Some of the early stomach cancer symptoms may include:
But just experiencing indigestion or heartburn after a meal does not really mean that you have cancer. Although, if you experience these symptoms a lot, talk to your doctor, who can decide whether to conduct further tests or not.
As advanced gastric cancer grow, you may experience more serious signs of stomach cancer, including the following:
Surgical oncologists are specialists who have received training in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer through surgery. A surgical oncologist performs procedures like biopsy and surgery to remove cancerous tissues. A surgical oncologist performs surgeries to know which parts of the body cancer has spread. In order to diagnose cancer, a surgical oncologist might perform biopsies. After a biopsy, a surgical oncologist sends the samples to a pathologist. If cancer is detected, you may need to consult the surgical oncologist again to have the tumor removed. The surgical oncologist performs a staging surgery to determine a tumor’s size.
Surgical oncologists may suggest the below-listed tests for the diagnosis of cancer:
In most cases, surgical oncologists need to perform a biopsy in order to diagnose cancer. In this procedure, the doctor removes a part of the body tissues to examine under a microscope. The doctor then does other tests to check if the tissue is cancer.
If your primary doctor suspects cancer, he will refer you to a surgical oncologist for the diagnosis of the condition. The surgical oncologist evaluates the symptoms and analyses the test report to find out if you have cancer. In the below-listed situations, you must seek assistance from a surgical oncologist: