Dr. Akshay Kudpaje

Dr. Akshay Kudpaje

Cancer Specialist - Surgical Oncologist,ENT Surgeon

  , Bangalore, India

  15 Years of experience

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Akshay Kudpaje is one of the finest Cancer Specialist in India. He is an experienced Surgical Oncologist in the India. The Medical practitioner has been associated with various reputed hospitals in the India. The physician is currently working as a Surgical oncologist, HCG Kalinga Rao Road, India. The doctor is a well-reputed and sought after medical expert and is

  • MBBS
  • MS - ENT

qualified. Dr. Akshay Kudpaje has been associated with many hospitals over the course of his illustrious and experienced career.

Dr. Akshay Kudpaje has more than 15 Years of clinic experience. The Clinician specializes in and performs the following surgeries:

  • Brain Cancer Treatment
  • Ear Surgery (Pinnaplasty)
  • Nasal Polyp Surgery
  • Oral cancer Treatment
  • Tympanoplasty
  • Cosmetic Surgery
  • ENT
  • Oncology
RESEARCH PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS (1)
  • National & International scientific meetings, published about 10 articles in national & international Journals and co-authored about 8 chapters in a text book. He was awarded for best paper presentation in State & National Otolaryngology Annual meetings and is proud to be part of the dedicated team at HCG Cancer Centre
Procedures
Brain Cancer Treatment

 

Brain cancer can interfere with normal brain functions such as speech, movement, thoughts, feelings, memory, vision, and hearing. It is a disease of the brain in which abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the brain tissues. Typically, brain cancer is a developed form of a brain tumour. Primary brain cancer or a brain tumour develops from cells within the brain.

However, all brain tumours are not brain cancer. But one thing to note is that even benign tumour can cause serious problems by increasing intracranial pressure or obstruct vascular structures or cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain.

Different types of cells in the brain such as gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, vestibular schwannomas, and primitive neuroectodermal (medulloblastomas) can become cancerous. Gliomas have several subtypes, which include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.

Types of Brain Cancers

There are two types of brain cancer, including:

  • Primary brain cancers: Primary brain cancers result when cancer cells develop in the tissues of the brain itself. Primary brain cancer cells may travel short distances within the brain but generally would not travel outside of the brain itself.
  • Secondary brain cancers: Secondary brain cancer is called metastatic brain cancer. It occurs when cancer develops elsewhere in the body and spreads to the brain. Primary cancer tissues can spread via direct extension, or through the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream.

Metastatic cancer in the brain is more common than primary brain cancer. They are usually named after the tissue or organ where cancer first develops. Metastatic lung or breast cancer in the brain is the most commonly found brain cancers.

Brain Cancer Causes

The exact brain cancer cause is still unknown. However, its occurrence has been linked to several risk factors, including the following:

  • Exposure to radiation
  • HIV infection
  • Inherited abnormality
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • Exposure to chemical toxins, especially those used in rubber industry and oil refinery

Brain Cancer Symptoms

Some types of brain cancers such as meningeal and pituitary gland may produce few or no symptoms. Some of the brain cancer symptoms typically experienced by patients include:

  • Difficulty walking, seizures, dizziness and vertigo
  • Extreme fatigue and muscle weakness
  • Severe headaches and blurry vision
  • Sleepiness, nausea, and vomiting
  • Reduction in mental alertness, capacity or memory
  • Difficulty in speaking, impaired voice or inability to speak
  • Personality changes and hallucination
  • Weakness on one side of the body and coordination problems
  • Reduced touch sensation
Ear Surgery (Pinnaplasty)

Pinnaplasty is a type of a surgical procedure used for the correction of prominent ears. This procedure is also known as otoplasty or ear pinning. This ear plastic surgery is conducted on people of both the sexes and of all ages, who wish to correct their ears that tend to stick out.

Some people may not bother about the “bat” shape of their ears, but, for others, continuous comments from others can lead to distress, particularly during school years. Pinnaplasty is the best and simple procedure that can solve the problem safely and quickly.

Ear pinning surgery involves making an incision just behind the ear in the natural fold where the ear joins the head. This lets the surgeon reshape the year by removing some part of the cartilage. The surgeon can then use permanent internal stitches to keep the ears in their new place.

Who are the best candidates for pinnaplasty?

The best candidates for pinnaplasty include both children and teenagers, although adults may choose to undergo the surgery as well. This surgery is not recommended for children younger than five as their ears will still be growing and developing.

You can go for pinnaplasty if your ears are protruding or sticking out at a prominent angle from your head. Pinnaplasty is typically carried out in people who have one ear that sticks out much more than the other. In such cases, pinnaplasty can restore the symmetry of ears.

Nasal Polyp Surgery

Nasal polyps are fleshy swellings or polypoidal, benign/non-cancerous masses that develop in the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses. They usually occur in both nostrils, though unilateral polyps rarely occur. Polyp formation in the nasal cavity is due to chronic allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, and, less commonly due to underlying disease such as cystic fibrosis.

Patients with large polyps present with nasal obstruction (breathing difficulty), persistent nasal discharge (rhinorrhea), sinus infection, and loss of the sense of smell (anosmia) for a prolonged duration.

Oral cancer Treatment

Oral cancer, commonly referred to as mouth cancer or throat cancer, is an uncontrollable growth of cells in the oral cavity. It refers to cancer that develops in any of the parts that make up the mouth. It can include cancer of the lips, tongue, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, pharynx (throat), hard and soft palate and either of the sinuses. Mouth and oropharyngeal cancer can be life-threatening, but it could be prevented if the cancer is diagnosed early enough.

What Causes Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer is a result of a mutation in the DNA of the cells in the mouth. There are certain identified risk factors for mouth cancer that predisposes a person to oral cancer.

Some of the oral cancer risk factors include:

  • Smoking: Smoking tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, and pipes) contains nitrosamines and other chemicals that are known to cause cancer. People who are exposed to passive smoking also experience a small increase in their risk of oral cancer.  
  • Chewing tobacco: Use of any type of tobacco is one of the main reasons behind oral cancer. Chewing tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarettes. It is a popular habit in parts of Asia and in some immigrant groups in Europe, North America, and Australia. The harmful substances in tobacco and betel can cause oral cancer.
  • Alcohol consumption: Drinking excessive alcohol increases the risk of oral cancer. Using tobacco and alcohol both pose a much greater risk than using either of the substance alone.
  • Poor diet: Lack of vitamins and minerals, such as iron or folic acid in the diet, can lead to a breakdown in the oral mucosa and this can make people more prone to oral cancer. People should eat plenty of proteins, vitamins, and minerals to decrease the risk of oral cancer. Fresh fruits and vegetables contain a lot of antioxidants, vitamins and other substances that help prevent damage to body cells.
  • A family history of disease: There is a slightly higher risk of getting oral cancer in people who have a close relative who once had oral cancer.
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): HPV can contribute to some types of cancers, but it does not mean that people get these cancers like an infection. HPV can be passed on to another individual during a sexual contact, but for a majority of people, the virus is harmless and does not cause any trouble. Only a very small percentage of people with HPV end up developing oral cancer.

Oral Cancer Symptoms

There are some typical signs of mouth cancer that a majority of patients experience. Make sure to visit your doctor or dentist in case you experience any of the following signs of mouth cancer:

  • Pain and discomfort in the mouth: Ongoing pain or discomfort from a long time in the mouth is the one of the most symptoms.
  • Ulcers and sore: Bleeding ulcer or sore, which is not healing for more than two weeks can be a symptom of oral cancer.
  • Unexplained bleeding: Unexplained bleeding in the mouth can be an alarming indication of oral cancer.
  • Numbness and lost sensation: Numbness, loss of feeling or tenderness in any area of the mouth, or neck can be a symptom.
  • White or red patches: Any abnormal looking patches in the mouth or throat could be a sign of cancer or precancerous changes. Although, a fungal infection called thrush can also be the reason for white or red patches.
  • Difficulty in swallowing: You may feel difficulty in chewing and swallowing and feel like your food is sticking in your throat. Feeling difficulty in speaking or moving the jaw and tongue can be one of the most important throat cancer symptoms.
  • Weight loss: Dramatic weight loss without any reason can also be a symptom.
Tympanoplasty

People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.

Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.

A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.

Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.

Causes of Hearing Loss

There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:

  • Birth defect

  • An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long

  • The injury suffered by the ear

  • Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise

  • Hearing loss as a result of age

  • Other reasons

Symptoms of Hole in Eardrum

Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:

  • Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly

  • Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear

  • Loss of hearing

  • Dizziness

Types of Tympanoplasty

Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting

Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.

Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.

Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate

Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed. 

For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.

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Dr. Akshay Kudpaje

Frequently Asked Questions
What area of specialization does Dr. Akshay Kudpaje have?
Dr. Akshay Kudpaje is specialized in India and of the most sought after doctors in Cancer Specialist.
Does Dr. Akshay Kudpaje offer Telemedicine Consultation through Medigence?
No, this doctor dose not offer telemedicine via MediGence
How many years of experience does Dr. Akshay Kudpaje have?
Dr. Akshay Kudpaje is one of the most sought after specialists in India and has over 15 Years years of experience.
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