Gastroenterology is a branch of medical sciences that deals with the treatment of diseases and conditions related to the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenterology and hepatology are related terms that look after the disorders of the complete digestive tract, which includes the liver, pancreas, gallbladder and the biliary glands.
A physician who looks after this field of medical sciences is known as a gastroenterologist. Gastroenterology specialists are trained in performing a number of diagnostic procedures related to the conditions that affect the digestive tract and accordingly decide the future course of therapeutic treatment.
Some of the conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract include gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation, stomach cancer, stomach tumor, ileus, stromal tumor and any other stomach disease. All these disorders are treated under gastroenterology.
An endoscopy test is one such popular diagnostic procedure conducted in a gastroenterologyclinic or a hospital to look inside the digestive tract. Endoscopy procedure makes use of a device called endoscope, which is a thin and flexible tool with an attached camera. It is inserted into the digestive tract through the esophagus and is used to look into the stomach and small intestine.
An endoscope may also be used to conduct an endoscopic surgery, which is a minimally invasive surgery used to treat different ailments by making several small incisions in the body of the patient. Some of the best gastroenterologist specialize in the procedure, which typically requires minimal recovery and healing time.
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