Colon polyps are the extra grown cells in the lining of the large intestine. These are harmless but can become cancerous on overtime. It takes many years for the conversion of a polyp in to a cancerous cell. These polyps increase the risk for colon cancer, if left untreated or unremoved. Colon polyps are seen most commonly in adults.
Colorectal cancer can be prevented if the polyps in the colon are detected in early stages and removed. The colon polyps can be detected and removed with the help of colonoscopy procedure. The polyps in the colon can be of different types. The type of polyp present in the colon can be identified by colonoscopic study.
The adenomatous polyps in bowel can be removed with a colonoscopy. These polyps are usually larger than 1 cm and consist of cancerous cells. The hyperplastic polyps in bowel do not contain cancerous cells and are not dangerous so they may not require immediate removal. The growth of the polyps can be monitored by screenings whenever required. The sessile polyps in bowel can turn as cancerous colon polyps. They grow flatly on the inner wall of the colon. These can be removed by colonoscopy.
The removal of the polyps from the colon is called as polypectomy. Most of the colon polyps can be removed by colonoscopy. Colonoscopy can also be called as sigmoidoscopy.
The most common symptom of colon polyps is blood in stool. The condition itself does not result in any major colon polyps symtpoms. As a result, a majority of people do not experience or notice any colon polyps symptoms.
Before scheduling the patient for the surgery, the following are confirmed by the healthcare team.
Specific instructions will be given to the patient regarding diet to empty the colon before the procedure for the clear view of the colon walls. Some instructions include:
Polypectomy is performed by the help of a colonoscope. The small sized polyps can be removed by inserting an instrument into the colonoscope by which the small pieces of the polyp tissue are snipped off. The large sized polyps can be removed with the help of a noose or a snare. The base of the polyp is burnt with the electric cautery. Sedatives will be given to the patient before starting the procedure.
The duration of the polypectomy procedure takes nearly 30 to 60 minutes.
It may take two weeks for complete recovery of the patient after the procedure. Spicy foods, coffee, tea, alcohol should be avoided for 2 to 3 days after the surgery. The patient should talk to the doctor if any signs of fever, chills, redness, pain, swelling and discharge from the rectum are observed.
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