Cervical cancer growth happens in women in the lower some portion of the uterus that associates the vagina in the cells of the cervix. Different strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), an explicitly transmitted infection through sex, plays an important role in transmitting cervical cancer in women.
At the point when subjected to HPV, the body's invulnerable framework regularly keeps the infection from causing harm. In a few of the individuals, if the infection gets by for quite a long time, it can cause some of the cells to become malignant. You can lessen your danger of creating cervical cancerous growth by having screening tests and accepting an antibody that secures against HPV disease.
Areas of female reproductory organs
Female reproductive framework
The beginning period cervical cancer, for the most part, creates no signs or side effects.
Vaginal leaking after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
Watery funny-smelling vaginal discharge in a large amount
Pelvic pain or torment during sex
The factors affecting the cost of cervical cancer treatment are multifold and depends on the patient. The most important factor influencing the cost of cervical cancer treatment is the stage at which cancer has been diagnosed and the extent to which it has spread in the body.
Depending on the stage and the choice of the patient the choice of treatment/surgery also impacts the overall cost of the treatment. Major surgeries include cryosurgery, laser surgery, conization, and hysterectomy.
There are several other factors which will impact the cost of treatment for cervical cancer:
Type and location of the hospital
Cost of medicines and consumables
The total duration of stay in the hospitals
Type of hospital room
Cross consultation fees
Cost of rehabilitation (if needed)
Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.
A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.
Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.
A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through
There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.
More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.
Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:
Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.
The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:
This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.
Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:
There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).
In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.
In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children.
This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.
This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.
Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.
Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.
You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.
You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Greece. The Cervical Cancer Treatment package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Greece includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Cervical Cancer Treatment cost in Greece.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
One of the topmost destinations for Cervical Cancer Treatment is Greece. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Cervical Cancer Treatment as well:
|South Africa||USD 3700|
|United Kingdom||USD 10000|
Apart from the Cervical Cancer Treatment cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Cervical Cancer Treatment in Greece is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
After the Cervical Cancer Treatment takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 5 days. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Greece. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Some of the top hospitals in Greece are:
Greece has world-class hospitals that strictly follow international health standards and are backed by internationally accredited physicians. There are several contemporary hospital units found in popular Greece destinations including Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, Corfu, and Athens. They are pioneers in the development of medical tourism and suitably equipped to meet the needs of patients and visitors.
The healthcare system in Greece is accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI). JCI consults global healthcare experts, providers, and patients to develop healthcare standards. Hospitals in Greece have to undergo a lengthy process to get accreditation from JCI. They need to meet all the mandatory criteria set by the organization. The standards help set a quality benchmark for healthcare systems to ensure quality treatment.
One of the leading destinations for medical tourists, Greece attracts thousands of overseas patients seeking the best care at competitive prices. Well known for its excellent medical services, Greece is recognized throughout Europe and the U.S. for its top-quality medical facilities that follow international healthcare standards. Beautiful landscape, unique Mediterranean food, and therapeutic natural springs are some of the reasons why Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world. Availability of highly experienced medical experts with global exposure, affordable and quality private healthcare services, and technologically-driven medical care are some of the factors that contribute to the growth of the medical tourism industry in Greece.
The level of specialist doctors in Greece is very high. Around 95 percent of doctors in the country are specialists, rather than general practitioners. Fertility experts in the country have received worldwide recognition for performing IVF and other fertility procedures with more precision and a high success rate. The government has strict rules in place for the assessment of the quality of doctors. Doctors must attend a minimum of 80 hours of compulsory further training every five years. The doctors in Greece have achieved several milestones, such as performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus.
Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:
A short-stay Schengen Visa allows a person to stay in Greece for a maximum period of 90 days within a period of six months. Here is the list of important documents that you will require when applying for a medical visa:
Depending on the interview and the documents submitted, the Greece embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.
The most sought-after treatments available in Greece include:
Also, Greece attracts a large number of people seeking renal dialysis. Many state-of-art dialysis centers are present all across the country. With the best technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations, Greece has reported huge success in plastic surgery. According to a report, 300,000 cosmetic procedures are being performed in the country. A popular destination for fertility treatment, Greece has around 50 IVF clinics with all facilities. People from different parts of the world travel to Greece for egg and embryo donation.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens is the epicenter of the medical travel industry in Greece where patients seek high-standard medical services in various disciplines like cosmetic surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. Santorini is also a favorite medical tourist destination with a breathtaking view, providing patients complete relaxation, rejuvenation, and wellness that they need for a speedy recovery. These cities have gained popularity in medical tourism because of several other reasons, such as world-class hospitals, transportation facilities, cheap accommodation, more food options, and language assistance.
Yes, a person needs to get vaccinated before traveling to Greece. Below is a list of vaccines suggested by the CDC and WHO:
It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. It is important to check with your doctor regarding your individual needs for medical travel and seek advice based on your current medical conditions and past vaccination history. Connect with the government or contact your hospital in Greece to get complete information on vaccination.
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