Our immune system is a protective system that patrols inside the body and monitors various substances inside the body. If the immune system recognizes any substance which does not belong to the body and maybe harmful, the system activates itself and attack that substance. The cells of the immune system work through a complex mechanism. It protects from various diseases, including infection and cancer. However, in some cases of cancer, the immune cells are unable to recognize the cancer cells and thus, do not destroy them. It is when the doctor uses CAR T-cell therapy. It is a type of immunotherapy and has various advantages over conventional therapy. It has fewer side effects and offers more precise treatment.
The CAR T-cell therapy is completed in different steps. A highly experienced team comprises hematologists, oncologists, pediatricians, and paramedical staff. The steps for performing CAR T-cell therapy are:
1. T-cell collection: In this process, the doctor collects the T-cells from the blood. This procedure is known as leukapheresis. The doctor performs this procedure with the help of a machine. The machine has two IV lines. The blood flows through one IV line into the machine and returns through the second IV line after removing the T-cells or white cells. The procedure may take around 2-3 hours.
2. Genetic Engineering: The staff sends the T-cells to the laboratories where they undergo genetic engineering process for adding the Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) on the cell surface. This protein on the cell surface helps the T-cell to identify the cancer cells.
3. Cellular Multiplication: A large number of T-cells are required to be injected into the body. Thus, the genetically engineered T-cells undergo a multiplications process in the laboratory. This may take a few weeks to complete the process.
4. Lymphodepleting chemotherapy: This step is also known as conditioning. During this process, the patient receives chemotherapy. This reduces the number of other cells of the immune system to allow the space for proliferating the CAR T-cells. The patient undergoes conditioning a few days before the infusion of CAR T-cell.
5. CAR T-cell infusion: Approximately 3 days after the chemotherapy, the doctor infuses the CAR T-cells in the bloodstream. It may take around 10 to 30 minutes for infusion.
After the infusion, the patient must stay in the hospital for a few weeks. The doctor monitors the efficacy of CAR T-cell therapy and its side effects. Even after the discharge, there are chances that the patient may be re-admitted due to complications. The patient should visit the hospital for a follow-up that may last for months. During the long-term recovery, the patient may have tests, such as blood tests, physical examination, and imaging tests.
The CAR-T package cost in Greece varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for CAR-T in Greece generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The CAR-T procedure in Greece includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total CAR-T cost in Greece.
There are many hospitals that perform CAR-T in Greece. Some of the best hospitals for CAR-T in Greece include the following:
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 30 days in the country for complete recovery. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
Greece is considered to be one of the best places for CAR-T in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for CAR-T include the following:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the CAR-T cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Greece which offer CAR-T are:
After the CAR-T takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 2 days. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer CAR-T in Greece. These hospitals have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
Greece is flocked with some of the finest hospitals in the world, such as:
Greece has world-class hospitals that strictly follow international health standards and are backed by internationally accredited physicians. There are several contemporary hospital units found in popular Greece destinations including Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, Corfu, and Athens. They are pioneers in the development of medical tourism and suitably equipped to meet the needs of patients and visitors.
The healthcare system in Greece is accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI). JCI consults global healthcare experts, providers, and patients to develop healthcare standards. In order to get accreditation, the hospitals need to meet all the criteria set by JCI. And the accredited hospitals and clinics have to follow international standards. Healthcare standards let hospitals control, evaluate, and improve the standards of quality healthcare.
Greece has emerged as one of the most popular medical tourism destinations in the world, with world-class doctors and hospitals that offer quality treatment at an affordable cost. The country is globally recognized as a leader in the field of medicine. The country’s medical facilities strictly adhere to international healthcare standards, thus ensuring high quality of medical care and services. Besides offering world-class treatment, Greece also provides a great patient experience through unique Mediterranean cuisine, beautiful landscape, and therapeutic natural springs. Other factors that have improved Greece’s presence in the wellness tourism market are excellent private healthcare services, availability of world-renowned as well as highly trained medical professionals, and technologically-driven medical care.
Greece produces high-quality specialist doctors. According to a report, about 95 percent of doctors in the country are specialists. Fertility experts in the country have received worldwide recognition for performing IVF and other fertility procedures with more precision and a high success rate. The doctors need to undergo a minimum of 80 hours of training every five years. There are strict government regulations that doctors must follow to ensure the quality of treatment and complete safety of patients. Doctors in Greece are also known for their landmark achievements, such as adopting a novel surgical approach to complex penile urethra stenosis, performing free-of-charge cardiothoracic surgery, and doing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery.
Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:
A person holding a Schengen Visa can stay in Greece for a period of 90 days within a period of six months. Make sure you have the below-listed documents when applying for a medical visa:
Based on the submitted documents, and the interview, the Greece embassy will make a decision whether you should be permitted to enter the country or not.
The most sought-after treatments available in Greece include:
Furthermore, Greece is also a popular health tourism destination for renal dialysis. A large number of dialysis centers are scattered all over the country. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures are performed annually in Greece. The reasons for the popularity of plastic surgery in the country are the use of modern technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations. The country has made commendable advancements in the field of fertility treatment. Greek scientists have made breakthrough research into fertility treatment, particularly, male fertility and sperm health.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens attracts the most number of medical tourists visiting the country as the city has a large pool of good hospitals that offer high-standard medical services in a wide range of disciplines like cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, gynecology and obstetrics, and rehabilitation. Santorini is also a favorite medical tourist destination with a breathtaking view, providing patients complete relaxation, rejuvenation, and wellness that they need for a speedy recovery. State-of-art hospitals, transportation facilities, affordable accommodation, a wide variety of food options, and language assistance are some other reasons why these cities are top-ranked medical tourist destinations.
Yes, a person needs to get vaccinated before traveling to Greece. Below is a list of vaccines suggested by the CDC and WHO:
Some parts of Europe are affected by periodic outbreaks of routine diseases, hence it becomes essential for a traveler to get immunized. You should consult your doctor to seek travel medical advice related to your personal requirements, including your present medical conditions, advice on vaccination, and medication-based on the past vaccination history. Connect with the government or contact your hospital in Greece to get complete information on vaccination.
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