The natural process of fertilization involves the conjugation of an egg and sperm inside the woman’s body. In-vitro-fertilization (IVF) is the procedure that involves the conception of an egg outside the body in a laboratory. IVF comes under assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves the use of advanced medical technology to help with pregnancy in the woman.
The different types of treatments available for IVF are:
Assisted hatching is a technique used in IVF where a gap or a hole is created on the outer shell of the embryo called zona pellucida before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb. Before the implantation of the embryo, the developing embryo should “hatch” out of its outer shell (zona pellucida).
Sometimes the embryo is thick, which decreases its ability to hatch on its own. Making a hole or thinning the outer layer may help the embryos to hatch, which increases the chances of pregnancy. Pregnancy cannot occur unless the embryo hatches. Thus, assisted hatching IVF success rates are higher than simple IVF success rates.
Because of the use of additional technology, IVF with laser assisted hatching cost is higher than just IVF cost.
IVF with laser assisted hatching is recommended when:
It is performed by using
It is performed before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb on day 3, 5, or 6 after fertilization. An opening in the zona pellucida is created by drilling it with acidified tyrode’s solution.
The embryo is held firmly using holding pipette and a microneedle is applied
The acid is expelled over a small area of zona pellucida until it is breached. Suction is applied immediately after the breach of zona pellucida to prevent excess
This procedure Is exactly the same as the usual IVF procedure with a difference that the egg used for fertilization comes from a different candidate than the one undergoing IVF. This procedure involves a process known as female egg donation in which a suitable candidate donates an egg for successful fertilization with the retrieved sperms.
The egg donation procedure is similar to how the eggs are retrieved from the womb of the future mother. The only difference is that during
IVF with egg donation is mostly performed in the case of women who have
Intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) is an IVF variation in which the sperm is directly injected into the egg for fertilization. The resulting fertilized egg is placed in
ICSI procedure does not require the sperm to penetrate the layers of the egg. It is highly useful to treat infertility problems in couples who suffer because the male partner’s sperms are either not able to get into the egg or are unable to fertilize the egg even when they are able to get through it.
During IVF with ICSI procedure, the eggs are extracted and held in one place with the help of a glass tool. A single sperm is injected into each egg using a small glass tube. The eggs are cultured and checked for fertilization overnight. The fully fertilized eggs are selected. A few fertilized eggs selected are placed in the uterus with the help of a catheter. The leftover embryos are preserved for future use.
While in simple IVF, the eggs and sperms are mixed together and allowed to fertilize naturally, in ICSI, a sperm is forced into the sperm for fertilization.
ICSI success rates largely
IVF with ICSI is also performed when the sperms come from a suitable donor and not from the male partner of the female undergoing IVF procedure. ICSI IVF treatment is the same when conducted with donor sperms as it is with sperms that come from the male partner.
ICSI treatment involves the injection of a single sperm directly into the egg from the female partner or a donor. In the case of ICSI with donor sperms, a semen sample from a suitable donor is retrieved. The sperm sample is processed and viable and good quality sperms are extracted from for further procedure.
Next, the entire ICSI procedure is conducted in a similar manner. ICSI success rates are the same whether the sperm comes from a donor or the actual male partner. ICSI treatment cost is separate from the cost of IVF.
Optical spindle view is a specialized technique used at the time of IVF and ICSI. This technique helps the fertility specialists view the division of cells carefully to ensure that the entire process goes on smoothly.
The optical spindle view technique is used after the fusion of the eggs and the sperms
Sometimes during IVF and ICSI, the fertility specialist may order a testicular biopsy to assess testicular function in the male partner before using his sperms. During
Step 1: Over-stimulation of ovulation
Stimulation of the ovaries occurs with the administration of fertility drugs. The natural process involves the production of one egg per month, but the fertility drugs hyperstimulate the ovaries to produce more number of drugs.
Step 2: Retrieval of eggs
Removal of the eggs from the woman’s body is done through a minor surgery called follicular aspiration surgery. Pain medications are given to the woman and with the help of ultrasound, a thin needle attached to the suction pump is inserted into the vagina. The needle is directed towards the follicles containing eggs and suctions the fluid and the eggs.
Step 3: Insemination
The inactive cells from the semen are removed. The ovum and the sperms are incubated in the ratio of 1:75,000.
Step 4: Fertilization
The sperm enters the egg and fertilization takes place. If the sperm is found to be weak, then Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is performed which involves direct injection of sperm into the ovum.
Step 6: Culture of the embryo
After fertilization, the egg divides forming an embryo. The embryo rapidly divides within five days after fertilization.
Genetic diagnosis is performed after 3-4 days of fertilization to rule out the genetic disorders.
Step7: Transfer of the embryo
The embryos are transferred into the mother’s womb after 3-5 days of fertilization. This transfer is done with the help of a thin tube containing embryos. The tube is inserted through the vagina, cervix, and to the womb. Pregnancy is resulted if the embryo starts growing.
If you have experience symptoms such as fever, pelvic pain, bleeding, and blood in urine, consult your physician immediately.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost in Cambodia varies from one hospital to the other. The IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Cambodia includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Cambodia, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
There are several best hospitals for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Cambodia. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Cambodia:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Cambodia is undoubtedly one of the best countries for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. Some of the other popular destinations for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) include the following:
|South Africa||USD 4600|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 7000|
There are certain expenses additional to the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in Cambodia per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Cambodia that offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) include the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 1 day after IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) for monitoring and care. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Cambodia. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Cambodia is one of the leading medical tourism destinations with top hospitals, such as:
The multispecialty hospitals offer top-quality medical treatments and are backed by highly trained and skilled doctors, state-of-art medical technology, and excellent facilitates. Hospitals are committed to adhering to international healthcare standards and medical protocols in order to ensure quality treatment and complete patient safety. These hospitals have quality doctors who are mostly trained in foreign countries and specialize in different areas.
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is the major healthcare accreditation body in Cambodia. JCI is one of the major healthcare accreditation bodies in the world and its accreditation is referred to as the gold standard. All JCI-certified healthcare facilities can display the Gold Seal of Approval. The standards set by JCI require regular monitoring of all important events to ensure that the quality of healthcare is as per the international standards. Well-defined parameters are in place to evaluate the performance of the hospitals in Cambodia and many rounds of evaluation are involved in the accreditation process.
Factors such as excellent healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, skilled doctors, and advanced medical technology make Cambodia one of the most favored destinations for seeking treatment. The country strives to excel in innovative healthcare and provides affordable treatment with high precision and accuracy. Affordable accommodation, more food options, easy process of visa availability, and transportation facilities are some of the factors contributing to the popularity of Cambodia’s popularity in medical tourism. Besides offering affordable treatment to medical tourists, Cambodia ensures patient’s wellbeing through its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
When traveling to Cambodia for medical treatment, you need to carry the below-listed documents:
The required documents may vary as per your destination, so check with the concerned authority if any extra items needed. Always make a list of all the essential things you might need during your stay in Cambodia. Packing is an important task when it comes to traveling to another country for medical treatment.
Vaccination is mandatory before you travel to Cambodia. Some of the vaccines recommended by WHO and the CDC are:
In case your stay period is going to be longer or you are planning to visit rural areas, you should get Japanese encephalitis vaccine. Make sure that infants of age 6 to 9 months get the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before they travel to Cambodia. It is suggested to refer to the travel advisory to know in detail about the required vaccines. You can get in touch with your doctor or the hospital in Cambodia for more information on vaccination.
The medical tourism industry in Cambodia has mainly developed in major cities, such as:
Poipet a major tourist attraction that has a rich culture, world-class doctors, and modern health facilities. The reasons for the popularity of these cities are multiple food options, transportation facilities, and cheap accommodation. Phnom Penh has received recognition for having the most number of fertility clinics that are equipped with the latest medical technology and offer a wide spectrum of treatment options.
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