Holes in the heart are considered to be congenital heart diseases or defects. These are considered to be a problem in the structure formation of the heart right at the time when a foetus is deriving its nutrition in the womb. With latest procedural technologies these problems can be mended right after birth. The holes in the heart disrupt the normal blood through the heart thus causing a general problem in blood circulation in the entire body.
In order to understand the holes in heart we must briefly understand the working of the heart. The heart works like a pump beating on an average of 100,000 times in a day. It has two sides which is divided by a wall called septum. The right side of the valve pumps blood to the lungs and picks up oxygen. The oxygen rich blood then returns to the left side of the heart from the lungs and then the left side pumps it to the rest of the body.
These two sides are divided into 4 chambers having four valves connecting them to various blood vessels. For carrying blood from the body to the heart, veins are responsible while arteries carry the blood away from the heart to be circulated to the body. The atria are two upper chambers that collect blood while ventricles are the two lower chambers pumping the blood to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The valves act like doors allowing flow of blood through the next chamber to arteries and then they close to keep the blood from again returning back to the previous chamber from where it came. In a systolic contraction ventricle pump blood from the heart and in a diastolic contraction the ventricles relax to receive blood pumped by the atria while aortic and pulmonary valves close at the beginning of the diastole to prevent the chances of backflow.
Depending on location, age and general health of the child the operation procedure is decided
When ASDs do not close by themselves as observed in periodic checkups then catheter or surgical procedure has to be adopted. Surgeons decide to close the holes when the child is 2 to 5 years old and the hole size is medium or large
Till 1990s surgery was the only usual method to close ASDs but due to advance technologies now catheter procedures can close secundum ASDs. The child will be given medicine so that he or she sleeps through the ASD device closure procedure. Now a catheter is inserted into the groin’s vein and threads it up to the septum of the heart. A tiny umbrella like device is folded up inside the catheter. Angiography or echocardiography is used to see the threading path of the catheter.
The device is pushed out of the catheter after reaching the septum and so positioned that it acts like a plug in the hold between the atria. The device will be kept in position while the catheter will be slowly withdrawn.
Within a period of 6 months, over this device normal tissues will start growing in. As the child grows the closure device is not required to be replaced. Normal development would take place gradually without affecting the operations of the heart.
Only a needle puncture is made in the above described procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. They are usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
For primum or sinus venosus ASDs an open heart surgery is recommended. Here too medicines will ensure that the child sleeps though the process. In the chest an incision is made at first. With a special path that covers the hole the defect is repaired. On a heart lung bypass machine the child is placed to ensure that the heart can be opened to perform the surgery.
Antibiotics will be administered to the child to prevent infection like endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent blood clots the child may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till he or she is fit enough to exert more with physical activities.
The VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) package cost in Greece varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Greece generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Greece.
There are several best hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Greece. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Greece:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 21 days in the country after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
One of the topmost destinations for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) is Greece. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other popular destinations for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) include the following:
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Apart from the cost of VSD Closure / Repair (Adult), the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Greece which offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) are:
After VSD Closure / Repair (Adult), the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Greece. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
Greece has some world-class hospitals, such as:
Greece has world-class hospitals that strictly follow international health standards and are backed by internationally accredited physicians. Greece has several contemporary hospital units that are located in the popular destinations including Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens. The hospitals in these regions contribute to the development of medical tourism in the country.
The healthcare system in Greece is accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI). The healthcare standards are followed by all accredited hospitals and have been developed in consultation with world healthcare experts and providers, and patients. Hospitals in Greece have to undergo a lengthy process to get accreditation from JCI. They need to meet all the mandatory criteria set by the organization. The healthcare standards offer a strong comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
Greece’s high concentration of excellent doctors and top-notch hospitals has made it a popular destination for international patients seeking the best care at competitive prices. The country is globally recognized as a leader in the field of medicine. The country’s medical facilities strictly adhere to international healthcare standards, thus ensuring high quality of medical care and services. Greece is a safe travel destination and the beauty of the country’s landscape, along with its wealth of plenty sunshine, therapeutic natural springs, and unique Mediterranean cuisine make the country a perfect tourist destination. Other factors that have improved Greece’s presence in the wellness tourism market are excellent private healthcare services, availability of world-renowned as well as highly trained medical professionals, and technologically-driven medical care.
The level of specialist doctors in Greece is very high. Around 95 percent of doctors in the country are specialists, rather than general practitioners. Fertility experts in the country have received worldwide recognition for performing IVF and other fertility procedures with more precision and a high success rate. The doctors need to undergo a minimum of 80 hours of training every five years. There are strict government regulations that doctors must follow to ensure the quality of treatment and complete safety of patients. The doctors in Greece have achieved several milestones, such as performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus.
Depending on the length of stay in Greece, a person can apply for either of the below two types of visa:
A Schengen Visa allows you to reside in Greece for 90 days within a period of six months. Here is the list of important documents that you will require when applying for a medical visa:
Depending on the interview and the documents submitted, the Greece embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.
Greece has received worldwide recognition for reporting high success rates in the following procedures:
Moreover, many medical tourists visit Greece every year for renal dialysis and the country is populated with top-notch dialysis centers. Plastic surgery is gaining huge popularity in Greece with the latest innovations in this field. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures were recorded annually. The country has made commendable advancements in the field of fertility treatment. Greek scientists have made breakthrough research into fertility treatment, particularly, male fertility and sperm health.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens attracts the most number of medical tourists visiting the country as the city has a large pool of good hospitals that offer high-standard medical services in a wide range of disciplines like cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, gynecology and obstetrics, and rehabilitation. One of the most visited islands in Greece, Santorini is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation. Other factors that make these cities popular among medical tourists are cheap accommodation, language assistance, transportation facilities, and a wide range of food options.
Vaccination is compulsory before traveling to Greece. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccines:
Outbreaks of routine diseases happen in certain areas of Europe. So, make sure your routine immunization is up to date. It is important to check with your doctor regarding your individual needs for medical travel and seek advice based on your current medical conditions and past vaccination history. You should also keep yourself updated with a travel advisory issued by the government or contact your hospital in Greece for complete information on vaccination guidelines.
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