Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) cost in Greece

Treatment and Cost

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About the Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

What is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of an open heart surgery that intends to improve the flow of blood to the heart. It involves the placement of a coronary artery bypass graft, which is retrieved from a healthy artery in the body, and placed in the position of the blocked portion of the artery that supplies blood to the heart. CABG surgery is a complex, yet common procedure.

A waxy substance called plaque may deposit in good amount in the coronary arteries of the heart over a period of time. As time advances, the plaque starts hardening and eventually ruptures and breaks open. The plaque interferes with blood flow as arteries grow narrow at the affected region. A blood clot develops when the plaque ruptures. The artery may get blocked completely is the size of the clot is big enough to stop the flow of blood to the heart. This may eventually lead to serious events such as heart attack and also put the individual at the risk of death.

The person may experience chest pain and discomfort when the heart is deprived of rich oxygenated blood This pain is referred to as angina. Breathlessness and  fatigue are some of the other problems associated with coronary heart disease.

How does CABG improve the heart condition

Coronary artery bypass surgery aims at improving the overall blood circulation to the heart. A part of healthy artery or vein from another part of the body is taken and is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery for bypass. This artery or vein goes around the blocked portion of the coronary artery and establishes a new path for the blood to flow to the heart, thus reducing the chance of a heart attack. In a single surgery, surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries. Severe blockages can be treated with this procedure.

CABG is conducted when there are one or two blockages in the artery. High risk CABG is conducted when there are multiple blockages in the artery and the blood flow to the heart is severely restricted.

How is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) performed?

How is Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed?

There are two approaches to conduct CABG – open heart surgery and laparoscopic bypass heart surgery. The latter is a type of minimally invasive heart bypass surgery, which involves the creation of smaller incisions. This results in minimum discomfort and complications and allows for faster recovery and healing.

Laparoscopic bypass heart surgery is mostly preferred when there is not much blockage in the coronary artery. Open heart surgery, on the other hand, is conducted in complicated cases. High-risk CABG is mostly conducted as an open heart surgical procedure.

  • The selection of a particular approach, however, depends on a number of factors, including the overall health of the patient and the experience of the surgeon. CABG involves the use of general anaesthesia. Typically, an incision down the middle of the chest is made by the cardiac surgeon. He then uses a saw like instrument to access the breastbone or the sternum. This cutting of the middle of the sternum is referred to as median sternonomy. During CABG, the heart has to be first cooled with iced salt water. Along with this, a preservative solution has to be injected in the arteries of the heart. This procedure is referred to as cardioplegia, where damage is minimized due to reduced blood flow to the heart during the surgery.
  • A cardiopulmonary bypass must be established before a bypass surgery can take place. To channelize venous blood out of the body, plastic tubes must be placed in the right atrium. A membrane oxygenator, which is like a plastic sheeting, is employed to channelize it to the heart lung machine.
  • The oxygenated blood is then returned to the body. To allow the bypass to connect with the aorta, the main aorta is cross clamped during the surgery. This maintains a bloodless field. Saphenous vein from the leg is the commonly used as coronary artery bypass graft.
  • Beyond the narrowing of the vessel or the coronary artery, the graft vessel is sewed to the coronary arteries. The other end of the grafted vein or vessel is made to attach with the aorta. Nowadays, chest wall arteries or more specifically, the internal mammary artery is used as a coronary artery bypass graft.
  • The artery is then separated from the wall of the chest to connect to the left anterior descending artery. It can also be connected to one of the major branches which is beyond the blockage.
  • Internal mammary arteries have an advantage over venous grafts. The former remains open for a longer period of time. The percentage of being open in the case of venous grafts is around 66 percent, while for internal mammary arteries it is 90 percent.
  • The aorta must be clamped off for 60 minutes while the body is supported by cardiopulmonary bypass. The use of 3, 4 or 5 bypasses has grown very common. At the end of the surgery, the sternum is wired together with the help of stainless steel while the incision made in the chest is sewn. Plastic tubes are kept undisturbed to allow any blood drainage from the region around the heart. The chest tubes are removed right after surgery along with the breathing tube.

Recovery from Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Recovery

Patients are transferred to the ICU right after the surgery and shifted to the patient ward a day later. Heart rhythm disturbances are discovered in 25 percent of the patients within a period of 3 or 4 days after the surgery. They are temporary atrial fibrillations associated with surgical trauma. Such patients respond well to standard medical therapies.

They can be weaned within a period of a month after the surgery. From one week to one day, the range of stay in the hospital may vary from one patient to the other. Young patients are usually discharged within two days. The recovery time can be very long and the range of physical activities must be kept to a minimum.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors affecting the cost of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece?

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) package cost in Greece has different inclusions and exclusions. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece.

Which are some of the best clinics in Greece for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)t?

There are many hospitals that perform Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece:

  1. The Central Clinic of Athens S.A.
  2. Metropolitan Hospital
  3. European Interbalkan Medical Centre
How many days does it take to recover post Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece?

The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 21 days in the country after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.

Which are some of the other popular destinations for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)?

Greece is considered to be one of the best places for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) as well:

CountryCost
CzechiaUSD 15000
IndiaUSD 4200
IsraelUSD 30000
MalaysiaUSD 18000
PolandUSD 6900
SingaporeUSD 56000
SpainUSD 27000
ThailandUSD 23400
TunisiaUSD 7900
TurkeyUSD 10000
United Arab EmiratesUSD 23500
How much are the other expenses in Greece apart from the cost of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)?

There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.

Which are the best cities in Greece for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) Procedure?

Some of the cpopular cities in Greece that offer Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) include the following:

  1. Athens
  2. Ethnarchou Makariou
  3. Salonika
  4. Rhodes
  5. Chortiatis
How many days does one have to spend in the hospital for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece?

The patient has to spend about 5 days in the hospital after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.

How many hospitals offer Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece?

There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.

Who are the best doctors for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece?

Some of the best doctors for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Greece are:

  1. Dr. Kolettis Theofilos
  2. Dr. Daliakopoulos Stavros
  3. Dr. Marinakis Andreas
  4. Dr. Aroni Maria
  5. Dr. Iliopoulos Themistokilis

FAQ's Related to Greece

Which are the popular multispecialty hospital groups in Greece?

Greece is flocked with some of the finest hospitals in the world, such as:

  1. The Central Clinic of Athens, Athens
  2. Athens Vita Veritas
  3. European Interbalkan Medical Centre, Chortiatis
  4. Metropolitan Hospital, Ethnarchou Makariou
  5. Euromedica General Hospital of Rhodes, Rhodes
  6. New Life IVF, Salonika
  7. Garavelas Medical Group, Athens

Greece has world-class hospitals that strictly follow international health standards and are backed by internationally accredited physicians. Majority of popular hospitals are located in cities like Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens.

What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in Greece?

Joint Commission International (JCI) is the main healthcare accreditation body in Greece. The JCI standards are developed in consultation with global healthcare experts and providers, as well as patients. Hospitals in Greece have to undergo a lengthy process to get accreditation from JCI. They need to meet all the mandatory criteria set by the organization. The standards help set a quality benchmark for healthcare systems to ensure quality treatment.

Why should I opt for healthcare in Greece?

With world-class doctors and hospitals, Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world which offers affordable and quality treatment. The country is very popular throughout Europe and the United States for its world-class medical services. The country’s medical facilities comply with the international healthcare standards to ensure the quality of treatment. Besides offering world-class treatment, Greece also provides a great patient experience through unique Mediterranean cuisine, beautiful landscape, and therapeutic natural springs. Some other reasons for the popularity of Greece in the medical tourism sector include the availability of highly trained medical professionals with global exposure, affordable private healthcare services, and technologically-led medical care.

What is the quality of doctors in Greece?

Around 95 percent of doctors in Greece are specialists and are not restricted to only general medicine. Also, the majority of the doctors have received training in different countries and capable of handling even the most complex cases with quite an ease. Greece has a large pool of trained and experienced fertility specialists who adopt a holistic approach to fertility treatments and have reported high success rates in IVF and other fertility procedures. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Greece has stringent government regulations for doctors in order to ensure best practices. Also, every doctor must at least 80 hours of training every five years. The doctors in Greece have achieved several milestones, such as performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus.

What is the process for obtaining medical visa in Greece?

Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:

  1. Schengen Visa: For short stay
  2. National Visa: For prolonged stay

A short-stay Schengen Visa allows a person to stay in Greece for a maximum period of 90 days within a period of six months. Here is the list of important documents that you will require when applying for a medical visa:

  1. Valid passport
  2. Recent passport size photographs
  3. Valid insurance papers
  4. Accommodation proof from the candidate
  5. Employment documents along with bank statements
  6. Medical certificate attested by the referring registered medical practitioner

Depending on the interview and the documents submitted, the Greece embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.

What are the popular procedures available in Greece?

Greece has received worldwide recognition for reporting high success rates in the following procedures:

  1. IVF
  2. Breast augmentation
  3. Liposuction
  4. Nose reshaping
  5. Eyelid surgery
  6. Face lift
  7. Hair transplantation

Furthermore, Greece is also a popular health tourism destination for renal dialysis. A large number of dialysis centers are scattered all over the country. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures are performed annually in Greece. The reasons for the popularity of plastic surgery in the country are the use of modern technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations. The country has made commendable advancements in the field of fertility treatment. Greek scientists have made breakthrough research into fertility treatment, particularly, male fertility and sperm health.

Which are the most popular cities in Greece for medical treatment?

The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens

Athens is the epicenter of the medical travel industry in Greece where patients seek high-standard medical services in various disciplines like cosmetic surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. Santorini, a beautiful island, offers medical tourists a breathtaking view and provides them relaxation, rejuvenation, and wellness, which are needed for a speedy recovery. Many other reasons that lead to th"Other factors that make these cities popular among medical tourists are cheap accommodation, language assistance, transportation facilities, and a wide range of food options. "e popularity of the cities in the medical tourism sector are affordable accommodation, transportation facilities, more food options, language assistance.

Is it mandatory to take vaccinations before going to Greece?

Yes, vaccination is mandatory before traveling to Greece. The vaccines recommended by the CDC and WHO include:

  1. Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis)
  2. Chickenpox
  3. Shingles
  4. Pneumonia
  5. Influenza
  6. Hepatitis A
  7. Hepatitis B
  8. Meningitis
  9. Polio
  10. Measles
  11. Rabies
  12. Mumps and rubella (MMR)

Some parts of Europe are affected by periodic outbreaks of routine diseases, hence it becomes essential for a traveler to get immunized. You should consult your doctor to seek travel medical advice related to your personal requirements, including your present medical conditions, advice on vaccination, and medication-based on the past vaccination history. You also need to keep yourself updated with a travel advisory issued by the government of Greece or contact your hospital in Greece for complete information on vaccination guidelines.

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